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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is gender identity?
It is the "Sense" of being male or female around AGE 3
What are sex roles?
Beliefs about male/female roles, expectations, attitudes
What is sexual orientation?
Fantasy, attraction group.

Self-identification.
What is the definition of transgendered?
Someone who has an incongruence between their gender identity and their sex.
What are KEY DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES to LGBTQ youth?
1) Lack of positive role models

2) Inability to project beyond 35

3) Denied rites of passage

4) No healthy outlets for sexual exploration
What is the MAIN PROBLEM with not being able to project far into the future.
LGBTQ's project to 35 (vs. 51 of straight folk)

LIFESTYLE CHOICES, RISK EVALUATION will be skewed towards danger.

Academic motivation is correlated with future projection.
Is violence an issue for LGBTQ?
Yes, both physical and mental.

This can cause further problems...limits help-seeking
What percentage of adolescent suicides can be associated with LGBT?
approximately 1/3.

3-6x higher chance of attempt.
What are risk factors for suicide in LGBT?
Men, drug/alcohol user. JUST AFTER COMING OUT or STILL CLOSETED.
Do LGBT use more or less drugs/alcohol?
HIGHER RATES OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE.

Escape social stresses.
What are barriers to health care for LGBT?
1) No partner visitation rights in ICU's and ER's

2) Absence of coverage for same sex

3) Bias in health insurance, care.

4) DISTRUST OF MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT. Patients do not want to risk further stigmatization.
Do lesbians have a higher risk of cervical / breast /ovarian / endometrial cancers?
YES!

1) Less time in between screening (barriers to health care)

2) Increased substance abuse (BIG)

3) FEW OR NO PREGNANCIES (longer estrogen exposure)

4) LOWER USE OF OCP's

5) Diagnosed in late stages because of long intervals between doctor visits.
What virus is associated with anal cancer?
HPV
What's the biggest risk group for STD's in gay men?
Men 13-24.
What are some risks for transexual community?
Prostitution.

Use of street hormones.

Just because changed sex doesn't mean all organs have been removed. MTF can develop prostate cancer.
Is it NECESSARY to test ALL GAY MEN for HIV?
No. Ask questions about sexual behavior before you immediately proceed with a test.
Do lesbians need to worry about contraception?
YES! Still possible to exchange STD's. Some lesbians have had sex with men.