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230 Cards in this Set

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a seraph who, though counted among Lucifer's legions in heaven, remains faithful to God, standing up to chastise Lucifer and the angels who are about to follow him into rebellion in Book V, beginning with line 803
Satan's lieutenant and chief supporter. In the debate among the devils in Book II, he speaks last and presents the plan for a furtive revenge against God by perverting man, which is, in fact, Satan's own plan, which he only pretends to suggest of his own volition. He is described as appearing like "a pillar of state" [ii.301] a majestic, wise statesman
a fallen angel who speaks second during the demonic council [ii.108], conceding God is too powerful to oppose and they should wait for his amnesty. His graceful manner conceals a vice-ridden soul
the personification of anarchy, described along with Night to be "ancestors of Nature" [ii.890], encountered by Satan on his journey to Earth.
Described as a frightening, shadowy figure [ii.666], which makes even Satan wary in its presence. "Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell," and wearing a crown, it wields a dart, threatens Satan with it, and speaks mockingly to him.
an angel faithful to God, second in rank to Michael, assigned to guard the Garden of Eden in the days before the fall.
the name by which Satan is known before his fall from Heaven. The name is Latin, meaning "light-bearer."
a fallen angel who speaks third at Satan's council [ii.229], suggesting that the devils make the best of their present situation in Hell and not oppose God any further.
the Son of God and future incarnation of Jesus Christ, whom the Father ordains king of the angels and his equal in power. He defeats Lucifer's rebellion [vi.824], and is sent by his Father to carry out the miracle of Creation [Book VII]. He volunteers to die for man's sin [iii.227]; acts as judge over Adam and Eve, mercifully postponing their punishment of death [x.103]; and intercedes with God for their redemption [xi.22].
the archangel who leads the loyal angelic army against the rebels in the war in Heaven. Wielding a mighty sword, he duels with Lucifer and wounds him [vi.245]. He later descends to Earth to expel Adam and Eve from Paradise [Books XI, XII].
a bellicose angel, the first speaker at the council in Hell [ii.43], fiercely advocating a return to open war against God, even should it conclude with their destruction.
What is the capital of Hell and the setting for the demonic council?
the angel God sends to visit Adam and Eve in Eden to warn them about Satan. He is the poem's narrator of the account of Satan's rebellion in heaven and the creation of the world, as told to the human couple. He is "sociably mild" in contrast to the stern, military angels, Michael and Gabriel.
The allegorical personification of evil, originator of evil, father of Sin and Death, adversary of God, and destroyer of Eden
the daughter of Satan, who literally sprung from his head when he first conceived of rebellion while still in Heaven; made pregnant by her father, from which incestuous match came Death. Described as a beautiful woman to the waist, but below the waist "a serpent armed with mortal sting" and surrounded by hell-hounds, which crawl in and out of her womb, using it as a kennel [ii.650].
Milton's Christian Muse, invoked at various points in the epic to inspire the telling of the story of Paradise Lost
one of the "seven spirits that stand in sight of God's high throne" [ii.654] and the radiant archangel of the sun, fooled by a disguised Satan into directing the fiend to Earth.
The devils' palace is named what?
Mt. Helicon sacred to the classical muses
Aonian Mount
Four archangels
Uriel, Raphael, Michael, Gabriel
This quote comes from what piece: "Poetry is an art of imitation, for so Aristotle termeth it in the word mimesis."
The Defense of Poesy
What are Sir Philip Sidney's two works studied in class?
1. The Defense of Poesy
2. Astrophil and Stella
Author and work of this quote: "Many there be that complain of divine providence for suffering Adam to transgress; foolish tongues! When God gave him reason, he gave him freedom to choose, for reason is but choosing"
John Milton
Author and work of this quote: "And how can a man teach with authority, which is the life of teaching, how can he be a doctor in his book as he ought to be, or else had better be silent, whenas all he teaches, all he delivers, is but under the tuition..."
JOhn Milton
This was a vicious, decades long struggle for royal power between the noble houses of York and Lancaster.
War of the Roses
This movement involved a rebirth of letters and arts stimulated by the recovery of texts and artifacts from classical antiquity, the development of techniques such as linear perspective, and the creation of powerful new aesthetic practices based on classical models.
the Renaissance
This person claimed that the pope and his hierarchy were the servants of Satan and that the Church had degenerated into a corrupt, worldly conspiracy designed to bilk the credulous and subvert secular authority.
Martin Luther
sola scriptura
Only the scriptures have authority in matters of religion and should determine what an individula must believe and practice
sola fide
only the faith of an individual can effect a Christian's salvation
This minority sought to dismantle the church hierarchy, to purge the calendar folk customs deemed pagan and the church service of ritual practices deemed superstitious and to smash idolotrou statues, etc.
THe Puritans
Henry VIII's daughter was nicknamed what for her initiation of religious persecutions?
Bloody Mary
As England's crowned head, Elizabeth's person was divided into what two parts?
1. her mortal "body natural"
2. the immortal "body politic"
England loved this queen, and her godson said of her, "We all loved her for she said she loved us."
Queen Elizabeth
Sidney's "Astrophil and Stella" is written using what rhyme scheme?
Petrarchan Sonnet
Author and Title:
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That the dear She might take some pleasure of my pain:
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain,
I sought fit words to paint the blackest face of woe,
Studying inventions fine, her wits to entertain:
Oft turning others' leaves to see if thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon my sun-burned brain.
But words came halting forth, wanting Invention's stay,
Invention, Nature's child, fled step-dame Study's blows,
And others' feet still seemed but strangers in my way.
Thus great with child to speak, and helpless in my throes,
Biting my truant pen, beating myself for spite,
'Fool' said my Muse to me, 'look in thy heart and write.'
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
This author introduced English the sonnet, a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter with a complex, intertwining rhyme scheme.
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Petrarchan sonnet structure and rhyme scheme
Octave "abbaabba" and a sestet "cd cd cd" or "cde cde"
Wyatt's sonnet's structure and rhyme scheme
Octave "abbaabba" and a sestet "cddc ee"
Author and Title:
Whoso list to hunt, I know where is an hind!
But as for me, helas, I may no more;
The vain travail hath wearied me so sore,
I am of them that furthest come behind.
Yet may I by no means my wearied mind
Draw from the deer, but as she fleeth afore
Fainting I follow; I leave off therefore,
Since in a net I seek to hold the wind.
Who list her hunt, I put him out of doubt,
As well as I, may spend his time in vain.
And graven with diamonds in letters plain,
There is written her fair neck round about,
"Noli me tangere, for Caesar's I am,
And wild for to hold, though I seem tame."
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Whoso list to hunt
This poet took the Petrarchan sonnet and twisted, changing both the rhyme scheme and the topic: women became the objects of misogyny.
Sir Thomas Wyatt
The three qualities that make up the structure and rhyme scheme of the English sonnet
1. "abab cdcd efef gg"
2. Three quatrains and a couplet
3. Iambic pentameter
This was the first English poet to publish in blank verse
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
This poet's love poems were not very convincing, however, his poems about his male friendships, he comes alive.
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
MARTIAL, the things for to attain
The happy life, be these, I find :
The riches left, not got with pain ;
The fruitful ground, the quiet mind :

The equal friend, no grudge, no strife ;
No charge of rule, nor governance ;
Without disease, the healthful life ;
The household of continuance :

The mean diet, no delicate fare ;
True wisdom join'd with simpleness ;
The night discharged of all care,
Where wine the wit may not oppress :

The faithful wife, without debate ;
Such sleeps as may beguile the night.
Contented with thine own estate ;
Ne wish for Death, ne fear his might.
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
Martial, the things for to attain
Name the movement opposed to crucial aspects of both the belief system and the institutionalized structure of Roman Catholicism.
The Protestant Reformation
Author, title, speaker:
When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutuored youth,
Unlearned in the world’s false subtleties.
Thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young,
Although she knows my days are past the best,
Simply I credit her false-speaking tongue:
On both sides thus is simple truth suppressed.
But wherefore syas she not she is unjust?
And wherefore say not ti that I am old?
Oh, love’s best habit is in seeming trust,
And age in love loves not to have years told.
Therefore I lie with her and she with me,
And in our faults by lies we flattered be.
Shakespeare, Shakespearian sonnet
What are the conventions of a Petrarchan sonnet?
1. Iambic Pentameter
According to Sidney, what are the three types of poets?
1. Divinely inspiried
2. Philosophically inspired
Author and Title:

Yet hearing late a fable, which did show
Of lovers never known a grievous case,
Pity thereof gat in her breast such place
That, from the sea derived, tears' spring did flow.
Alas, if fancy, drawn by imaged things
Though false, yet with free scope, more grace doth breed
Than servant's wrack, where new doubts honor brings;
Then think, my dear, that you in me do read
Of lovers' ruin some sad tragedy.
I am not I; pity the tale of me.
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
It is a wedding song whose Greek name conveys that is was sung on the threshold of the bridal chamber.
This poet utilizes a ephitalamion to celebrate in his work.
Edmund Spenser
Whose sonnets were unlike most of his day, choosing to adopt a beautiful young man as the principal object of praise, love and idealizing devotion?
William Shakespeare
Shakespeare's most frequent rhyme scheme:
"abab cdcd efef gg"
Author, title, speaker:
When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutored youth,
Unlearned in the world’s false subtleties.
Thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young,
Although she knows my days are past the best,
Simply I credit her false-speaking tongue:
On both sides thus is simple truth suppressed.
But wherefore says she not she is unjust?
And wherefore say not ti that I am old?
Oh, love’s best habit is in seeming trust,
And age in love loves not to have years told.
Therefore I lie with her and she with me,
And in our faults by lies we flattered be.
Shakespeare, Shakespearian Sonnet
What author wrote the procreation sonnets which all argue that the young man, to whom they are addressed, should marry and father children, hence, procreate. Throughout the procreation sonnets, __ usually argues that the child will be a copy of the young man, and he will therefore live through the child.
William Shakespeare
The three main poets in Shakespeare's work:
The Fair Youth
The Dark Lady
The Rival Poet
Author, title, and rhyme scheme:
A woman's face with nature's own hand painted,
Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion;
A woman's gentle heart, but not acquainted
With shifting change, as is false women's fashion:
An eye more bright than theirs, less false in rolling,
Gilding the object whereupon it gazeth;
A man in hue all hues in his controlling,
Which steals men's eyes and women's souls amazeth.
And for a woman wert thou first created;
Till Nature, as she wrought thee, fell a-doting,
And by addition me of thee defeated,
By adding one thing to my purpose nothing.
But since she prick'd thee out for women's pleasure,
Mine be thy love and thy love's use their treasure.
Shakespeare, Shakesperian
The author of The Affectionate Shepard, which, with its overt homoerotic themes, caused a stir and a need for a dedicatory letter.
Richard Barnfield
According to Donne, in “Biathanatos,” what defense is there for suicide?
Nothing else had worked
What is the rhyme scheme for an Italian/Petrarchan sonnet and give an example of one such poem.
abab cdcd efef gg
What does Sidney say is the key ingredient of good poetry?
The power to move; energia
Under whose reign were the first permanent English settlements in North America established?
Donne's two major modes are religious spiritualism and erotic amorousness. How does he combine those two modes in some of his poems? In which poems does he not combine them?
His principal method of combination is simply to mingle the discourses of spirituality and carnality--pleading with God to rape him in the fourteenth Divine Meditation or claiming to embody the sweat of Adam and the blood of Christ in the "Hymn to God my God." In the "Valediction," Donne describes an ideal of spiritual love that seems to unify the holy and the romantic but that consciously eschews erotic desire. Poems, such as "The Flea" and "The Sun Rising," make little use of the spiritual mode beyond passing reference (such as Donne's calling the flea his "marriage temple"); poems, such as "Death be not proud," have little to do with the worldly or the erotic.
How does Donne distinguish between physical and spiritual love? Which does he prefer? (Think especially about "The Flea" and "A Valediction: forbidding Mourning.")
"Physical love" is love that is primarily based upon the sensation or the presence of the beloved or that emphasizes sexuality; in "The Flea," Donne celebrates the physical side of love when he tries to convince his beloved to sleep with him. In the "Valediction," Donne describes a spiritual love, "Inter-assured of the mind," which does not miss "eyes, lips, and hands" because it is based on higher and more refined feelings than sensation. In the "Valediction," Donne is critical of "dull sublunary" physical love, which could not survive in the absence of the beloved, and expresses a profound preference for spiritual love, which is much rarer--it is not the love of the common men and women. But there are certainly erotic moments in Donne's writing (The graphically sexual "To His Mistress, on Going to Bed" comes to mind) when he would seem to prefer the erotic to the intellectual.
In what ways does Donne's mode of address to Death and God differ from what you might expect?
In each poem, Donne takes a surprisingly self-confident, even casual, tone toward awesome immortal powers: He does not cower before Death or plea for God's forgiveness, he mocks Death and pleas for God to wreck him to the ground, imprison him, and ravish him--neither approach is the usual mode for addressing supernatural beings.
What is the Ptolemaic universe?
each planet is moved by two or more spheres: one sphere is its deferent which is centered on the Earth, and the other sphere is the epicycle which is embedded in the deferent. The planet is embedded in the epicycle sphere. The deferent rotates around the Earth while the epicycle rotates within the deferent, causing the planet to move closer to and farther from Earth at different points in its orbit, and even to slow down, stop, and move backward (in retrograde motion). The epicycles of Venus and Mercury are always centered on a line between Earth and the Sun (Mercury being closer to Earth), which explains why they are always near it in the sky.
Who was the first Englishwoman to publish a substantial volume of original poems?
Aemelia Lanyer
According to Sidney, what is the "final end" of poetry?
What particular problem does Herbert address in his poetry?
His unequal relationship with God
How is the mistress in Shakespeare's sonnets described? How is this different from the addressee traditional, Petrarchan sonnets?
Sir Philip Sidney wrote the majority of his work during the reign of which queen?
Queen Elizabeth
John Donne wrote most of his poetry during which period?
The Jacobean Period
This writer focused a lot on medicine, technology and science in his sonnets.
John Donne
This writer focused on himself a lot when writing, but also shared the spotlight with nature.
William Shakespeare
Which three writers wrote in blank verse?
Ben Jonson, John Webster, and John Milton
Many of this writer's poems explore the human condition in terms of fundamental dichotomies that resist resolution.
Andrew Marvell
"To His Coy Mistress" is what type of poem and who was its author?
A carpe diem poem
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
“There is no Art delivered unto mankind that hath not the
works of nature for his principal object, without which
they could not consist, and on which they so depend, as
they become actors & players, as it were, of what nature
will have set forth.”
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
"Nature never set forth the earth
in so rich Tapestry as diverse Poets have done, neither
with so pleasant rivers, fruitful trees, sweet smelling
flowers, nor whatsoever else may make the too much
loved earth more lovely: her world is brazen, the Poets
only deliver a golden.”
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
“Neither let it be deemed too saucy a comparison, to
balance the highest point of man’s wit, with the efficacy of
nature: but rather give right honor to the heavenly Maker
of that maker, who having made man to his own likeness,
set him beyond and over all the works of that second
nature, which in nothing he sheweth so much as in Poetry;
when with the force of a divine breath, he bringeth things
forth surpassing her doings.”
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
[The] delivering forth [of the poet’s golden world] . . . is
not wholly imaginative, . . . but so far substantially it
worketh, not only to make a Cyrus, . . . but to bestow a
Cyrus upon the world to make many Cyruses, if they will
learn aright why and how that maker made him.”
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
What does the term "mimesis" mean?
imitation or reproduction of the supposed words of another, as in order to represent his or her character
What author and work discusses the importance of the Philosopher and the HIstorian?
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
What is the rhyme scheme of a Spensarian sonnet?
abab bcbc cdcd ee
Author and Title:
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That she, dear she, might take some pleasure of my pain,
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain,—
I sought fit words to paint the blackest face of woe ;
Studying inventions fine, her wits to entertain,
Oft turning others' leaves to see if thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon my sun-burned brain.
But words came halting forth, wanting invention's stay ;
Invention, nature's child, fled step-dame Study's blows,
And others' feet still seemed but strangers in my way.
Thus, great with child to speak, and helpless in my throes,
Biting my truant pen, beating myself for spite,
Fool, said my muse to me, look in thy heart and write.
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
Author and Title:
When Sorrow, using mine own fire's might,
Melts down his lead into my boiling breast,
Through that dark furnace to my heart oppressed,
There shines a joy from thee, my only light:
But soon as thought of thee breeds my delight,
And my young soul flutters to thee, his nest,
Most rude Despair, my daily unbidden guest,
Clips straight my wings, straight wraps me in his night,
Sir PHilip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
Author and Title:
SONG made in lieu of many ornaments,
With which my loue should duly haue bene dect,
Which cutting off through hasty accidents,
Ye would not stay your dew time to expect,
But promist both to recompens,
Be vnto her a goodly ornament,
And for short time an endlesse moniment.
Edmund Spenser
The Epithalamion
Author and Title:
MOST glorious Lord of lyfe that on this day,
Didst make thy triumph ouer death and sin:
and hauing harrowd hell didst bring away,
captiuity thence captiue vs to win.
This ioyous day, deare Lord, with ioy begin,
and grant that we for whom thou didest dye
being with thy deare blood clene washt from sin,
may liue foreuer in felicity.
And that thy loue we weighing worthily,
may likewise loue thee for the same againe:
and for thy sake that all lyke deare didst buy,
with loue may one another entertayne.
So let vs loue, deare loue, lyke as we ought,
loue is the lesson which the Lord vs taught.
Edmund Spenser
What is Bardolatry?
Shakespeare worship
This is an example of what kind of poem and who is its author?

Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest
Now is the time that face should form another,
Whose fresh repair if now thou not rewenest,
Thou dost beguile the world, unbless some mother.
For where is she so fair whose uneared womb
Disdains the tillage of thy husbandry?
Or who is he so fond will be the tomb
Of his self-love, to stop posterity?
Thou art thy mother’s glass, and she in thee
Calls back the lovely April of her prime;
So thou through windows of thine age shalt see,
Despite of wrinkles, this thy golden time.
But if thou live rememb’red not to be,
Die single, and thine image dies with thee.
Procreation Sonnet
William Shakespeare
Author and Title:
Two loves I have of comfort and despair,
Which like two spirits do suggest me still:
The better angel is a man right fair,
The worser spirit a woman colored ill.
To win me soon to hell, my female evil
Tempteth my better angel from my side,
And would corrupt my saint to be a devil,
Wooing his purity with her foul pride.
And whether that my angel be turned fiend
Suspect I may, yet not directly tell;
But being both from me, both to each friend,
I guess one angel in another’s hell.
Yet this shall I ne’er know, but live in doubt,
Till my bad angel fire my good one out.
William Shakespeare
Shakespeare Sonnets
Whose work includes a not so triangular love between Daphnis, Ganymede, and Queen Guendolen?
Richard Barnfield
Author and Title:
Sighing, and sadly sitting by my love,
He asked the cause of my heart’s sorrowing,
Conjuring me by heaven’s eternal king
To tell the cause which me so much did move.
Compelled (quoth I), to thee will I confess
Love is the cause, and only love it is
That doth deprive me of my heavenly bliss;
Love is the pain that doth my heart oppress.
And what is she (quoth he) whom thou dost love?
Look in this glass (quoth I), there shalt thou see
The perfect form of my felicity.
When, thinking that it would strange magic prove,
He opened it: and taking off the cover,
He straight perceived himself to be my lover.
Richard Barnfield
In Lady Mary Wroth's poetry, which character assumes the position of the speaking, gazing, blazoning subject?
the woman
Author and Title:
Take heed mine eyes, how you your looks do cast
Lest they betray my heart’s most secret thought,
Be true unto yourselves, for nothing’s bought
More dear than doubt which brings a lover’s fast.
Catch all you watching eyes, ere they be past,
Or take yours fixed where your best love hath sought
The pride of your desires; let them be taught
Their faults for shame, they could no truer last.
Then look, and look with joy for conquest won
Of those that searched your hurt in double kind;
So you kept safe, let them themselves look blind,
Watch, gaze, and mark till they to madness run,
While you, mine eyes enjoy full sight of love
Contented that such happinesses move.
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amhilanthus
Who is this quote describing?
"A whore and a hermaphrodite for publishing her work, the latter term implying that she was a monstrous combination of male (that is, artistic and creative) and female parts”
Lady Mary Wroth
Author and Title:
Am I thus conquered? Have I lost the powers
That to withstand, which joys to ruin me?
Must I be still while in my strength devours,
And captive leads me prisoner, bound, unfree?
Love first shall leave mean’s fancies to them free,
Desire shall quench Love’s flames, spring hate sweet showers,
Love shall loose all his darts, have sight, and see
His shame, and wishings hinder happy hours.
Why should we not Love’s purblind charms resist?
Must we be servile, doing what he list?
No, seek some host to harbor thee: I fly
Thy babish tricks, and freedom do profess.
But O my hurt makes my lost heart confess
I love, and must: So farewell liberty.
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
A neoplatonic writer whose frequent presentation of lovers’ world as microcosm that represents the universe illustrates his neoplatonism.
John Donne
The idea that the material world is a reflection of and a path to the spiritual world is part of what school of thought?
“A term that can be applied to any poetry that deals with philosophical or spiritual matters”
Metaphysical poetry
Author and Title:
Oh stay, three lives in one flea spare,
Where we almost, any more than married are.
This flea is you and I, and this
Our marriage bed and marriage temple is;
Though parents grudge, and you, we are met,
And cloistered in these living walls of jet.

Though use make you apt to kill me,
Let not to that, self-murder added be,
And sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
John Donne
The Flea
Author and Title:
She is all states, and all princes I,
Nothing else is.
Princes do but play us; compared to this,
All honor’s mimic, all wealth alchemy.
Thou, sun, art half as happy as we,
In that the world’s contracted thus;
Thine age asks ease, and since thy duties be
To warm the world, that’s done in warming us.
Shine here to us, and thou art everywhere;
This bed thy center is, these walls thy sphere.
John Donne
The Sun Rising
Author and Title:
Come, Madam, come, all rest my powers defy,
Until I labor, I in labor lie.
The foe ofttimes having the foe in sight,
Is tired with standing though he never fight.
Off with that girdle, like heaven’s zone glistering, 5
But a far fairer world encompassing.
Unpin that spangled breastplate which you wear
That th’ eyes of busy fools may be stopped there.
Unlace yourself, for that harmonious chime
Tells me from you that it is bed-time. 10
Off with that happy busk, which I envy,
That still can be and still can stand so nigh.
Your gown going off, such beauteous state reveals
As when from flowery meads th’ hill’s shadow steals.
Off with that wiry coronet and show
The hairy diadem which on you doth grow;
John Donne
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
Author and Title:
Like pictures, or like books’ gay coverings, made
For laymen, are all women thus arrayed;
Themselves are mystic books, which only we
(Whom their imputed grace will dignify)
Must see revealed. Then since that I may know,
As liberally as to a midwife show
Thyself: cast all, yea, this white linen hence,
Here is no penance, much less innocence.
To teach thee, I am naked first; why then
What need’st thou have more covering than a man?
John Donne
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
Author and Title:
Where is that holy fire, which verse is said
To have? Is that enchanting fire decayed?
Verse, that draws Nature’s works, from Nature’s law,
Thee, her best work, to her work cannot draw.
Have my tears quenched my old poetic fire; 5
Why quenched they not as well, that of desire?
Thoughts, my mind’s creatures, often are with thee,
But I, their maker, want their liberty.
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
This is the first "lesbian poem" and it was written by whom?
Sappho and Philaenis
JOhn Donne
Author and Title:
Only thine image in my heart doth sit,
But that is wax, and fire environs it. 10
My fires have driven, thine have drawn it hence;
And I am robbed of picture, heart, and sense.
Dwells within me still mine irksome memory,
Which both to keep and lose, grieves equally.
That tells me how fair thou art; thou art so fair, 15
As gods, when gods to thee compare,
Are graced thereby; and to make blind men see,
What good things are if we say they are like to thee.
For, if we justly call each silly man
A little world, what shall we call thee then?
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
Such was my Phao awhile, but shall be never,
As thou wast, art, and, oh, mayst thou be ever.
Here lovers swear in their idolatry,
That I am such; but grief discolors me.
And yet I grieve the less, lest grief remove
My beauty, and make me unworthy of the love.
Plays some soft boy with thee, oh there wants yet
A mutual feeling which should sweeten it.
His chin, a thorny hairy unevenness
Doth threaten, and some daily change possess.
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
My two lips, eyes, thighs, differ from thy two, 45
But so, as thine from one another do;
And, oh, no more; the likeness being such,
Why should they not alike in all parts touch?
Hand to strange hand, lip to lip none denies;
Why should they breast to breast, or thighs to thighs? 50
Likeness begets such strange self-flattery,
That touching myself, all seems done to thee.
Myself I embrace, and mine own hands I kiss,
And amorously thank myself for this.
Me, in my glass, I call thee; but alas, 55
When I would kiss, tears dim mine eyes, and glass.
O cure this loving madness, and restore
Me to me; thee, my half, my all, my more.
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
We then, who are this new soul, know
Of what we are composed and made,
For th’ atomies of which we grow
Are souls, whom no change can invade.

But O alas, so long, so far
Our bodies why do we forbear?
They are ours, though they are not we; we are
The intelligences, they the sphere.
John Donne
The Ectasy
Author and Title:
So must pure lovers’ souls descend
T’ affections, and to faculties
Which sense may reach and apprehend;
Else a great prince in prison lies.

To our bodies turn we then, that so
Weak men on love revealed may look;
Love’s mysteries in souls do grow,
But yet the body is his book.
John Donne
THe Ectasy
Physical desire
pure spirtual love
What is a canonization?
The process of declaring someone a saint and involves proving that a candidate has lived in such a way that he or she qualifies for this.
Author and Title:
FOR God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love ;
Or chide my palsy, or my gout;
My five gray hairs, or ruin’d fortune flout;
With wealth your state, your mind with arts improve;
Take you a course, get you a place, 5
Observe his Honour, or his Grace;
Or the king’s real, or his stamp’d face
Contemplate; what you will, approve,
So you will let me love.
John Donne
The Canonization
Author and Title:
Call’s what you will, we are made such by love ;
Call her one, me another fly, 20
We’re tapers too, and at our own cost die,
And we in us find th’ eagle and the dove.
The phoenix riddle hath more wit
By us; we two being one, are it;
So, to one neutral thing both sexes fit. 25
We die and rise the same, and prove
Mysterious by this love.
John Donne
The Canonization
Author and Title:
Batter my heart, three-person’d God; for you
As yet but knock, breathe, shine, and seek to mend;
That I may rise, and stand, o’erthrow me, and bend
Your force, to break, blow, burn, and make me new. 4
I, like an usurp’d town, to another due,
Labour to admit you, but O, to no end.
Reason, your viceroy in me, me should defend,
But is captived, and proves weak or untrue. 8
Yet dearly I love you, and would be loved fain,
But am betroth’d unto your enemy;
Divorce me, untie, or break that knot again,
Take me to you, imprison me, for I, 12
Except you enthrall me, never shall be free,
Nor ever chaste, except you ravish me.
John Donne
Holy Sonnet
Author and Title:
Show me, dear Christ, thy so bright and clear.
What! is it she which on the other shore
Goes richly painted? or which, robbed and tore,
Laments and mourns in Germany and here? 4
Sleeps she a thousand, then peeps up one year?
Is she self-truth, and errs? Now new, now outwore?
Doth she, and did she, and shall she evermore
On one, on seven, or on no hill appear? 8
Dwells she with us, or like adventuring knights
First travel we to seek, and then make love?
Betray, kind husband, thy spouse to our sights,
And let mine amorous soul court thy mild dove, 12
Who is most true and pleasing to thee then
When she is embraced and open to most men.
John Donne
Holy Sonnet
Which poet wrote almost exclusively what is called meditative
or DEVOTIONAL poetry: making love to God?
George Herbert
Author and Title:
A broken A L T A R, Lord, thy servant reares,
Made of a heart, and cemented with teares:
Whose parts are as thy hand did frame;
No workmans tool hath touch’d the same.
A H E A R T alone
Is such a stone,
As nothing but
Thy pow’r doth cut.
Wherefore each part
Of my hard heart
Meets in this frame,
To praise thy Name;
That, if I chance to hold my peace,
These stones to praise thee may not cease.
O let thy blessed S A C R I F I C E be mine,
And sanctifie this A L T A R to be thine.
George Herbert
The Altar
Which poem's shape and movement enact/embody
the idea of THE FORTUNATE FALL as a spiritual
reality in the life of every soul, dying in order to live and who is the author?
George Herbert
Author and Title:
When first thou didst entice to thee my heart,
I thought the service brave:
So many joyes I writ down for my part,
Besides what I might have
Out of my stock of naturall delights, 5
Augmented with thy gracious benefits.
George Herbert
Affliction poem
Author and Title:
My flesh began unto my soul in pain, 25
Sicknesses cleave my bones;
Consuming agues dwell in ev’ry vein,
And tune my breath to grones.
Sorrow was all my soul; I scarce beleeved,
Till grief did tell me roundly, that I lived.
George Herbert
Affliction poem
Author and Title:
How fresh, O Lord, how sweet and clean
Are thy returns! ev’n as the flowers in spring;
To which, besides their own demean,
The late-past frosts tributes of pleasure bring.
Grief melts away 5
Like snow in May,
As if there were no such cold thing.
George Herbert
The Flower
Author and Title:
These are thy wonders, Lord of power, 15
Killing and quickning, bringing down to hell
And up to heaven in an houre;
Making a chiming of a passing-bell.
We say amisse,
This or that is: 20
Thy word is all, if we could spell.
George Herbert
The Flower
Author and Title:
These are thy wonders, Lord of love,
To make us see we are but flowers that glide:
Which when we once can find and prove, 45
Thou hast a garden for us, where to bide.
Who would be more,
Swelling through store,
Forfeit their Paradise by their pride.
George Herbert
The Flower
The practice of poetic craft, the ART of
Love, is fully realized as a form of spiritual discipline,
which is the art of LOVING God in whose poem?
George Herbert
Author and Title:
Love bade me welcome: yet my soul drew back,
Guiltie of dust and sinne.
But quick-ey’d Love, observing me grow slack
From my first entrance in,
Drew nearer to me, sweetly questioning,
If I lack’d any thing.
George Herbert
Author and Title:
Good morning to the Day; and, next, my Gold:
Open the shrine, that I may see my Saint.
Hayle the worlds soule, and mine. More glad then is
The teeming earth, to see the longd-for Sunne
Peepe through the hornes of the Cælestiall Ram,
Am I, to view thy splendor, darkening his:
That lying here, amongst my other hoordes,
Shew'st like a flame, by night; or like the Day
Strooke out of Chaos, when all darkenes fled
Unto the center.
Ben Jonson
Author and Title:
Thy lookes when they to Venus did ascribe,
They should have given her twenty thousand Cupids;
Such are thy beauties, and our loves. Deare Saint,
Riches, the dombe God, that giu'st all men tongues;
That canst do naught, and yet mak'st men do all things;
The price of soules; euen hell, with thee to boote,
Is made worth heauen. Thou art vertue, fame,
Honor, and all things else. Who can get thee
He shall be noble, valiant, honest, wise, —
Ben Jonson
What is Mosca's punishment in Ben Jonson's play, Volpone?
Slavery in the galleys
In the play, Volpone, whose punishment involves his fortune being confiscated and given to
the Hospital for the Incurabili, where patients terminally
ill from syphilis were cared for?
Author and Title:
Let all, that see these vices thus rewarded,
Take heart, and love to study them. Mischiefes feed
Like beasts, till they be fat, and then they bleed.
Ben Jonson
Which work is about the self-disciplining of
Author and Title:
I Feare, I shall begin to grow in love
With my deare selfe, and my most prosp’rous parts,
They do so spring, and burgeon; I can feele
A whimsey in my bloud: (I know not how)
Successe hath made me wanton.
Ben Jonson
Author and Title:
In seeking to reduce both state and people
To a fix’d order, their judicious king
Begins at home; quits first his royal palace
Of flattering sycophants, of dissolute
And infamous persons, which he sweetly terms
His master’s masterpiece, the work of heaven;
Considering duly, that a prince’s court
Is like a common fountain, whence should flow
Pure silver drops in general, but if’t chance
Some curs’d example poison’t near the head,
Death and diseases through the whole land spread.
And what is’t makes this blessed government,
But a most provident council, who dare freely
Inform him the corruption of the times?
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character in John Webster's play, Duchess of Malfi, is described as not so much a skeptic as a cynic, a malcontent,
because his ambition is frustrated?
Daniel Bosola
Author and Title:
’Tis great pity,
He should be thus neglected: I have heard
He’s very valiant. This foul melancholy
Will poison all his goodness; for, I’ll tell you,
If too immoderate sleep be truly said
To be an inward rust unto the soul,
It then doth follow want of action
Breeds all black malcontents.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character does this describe and from which work?
"observe his inward character: he is a melancholy
churchman; the spring in his face is nothing but the
engendering of toads; where he is jealous of any man, he
lays worse plots for him than ever was imposed on
Hercules, for he strews in his way flatterers, panders,
intelligencers, atheists, and a thousand such political
the Cardinal
Duchess of Malfi
Which character does this describe and from which work?
The duke there? a most perverse and turbulent nature:
What appears in him mirth is merely outside;
If he laugh heartily, it is to laugh
All honesty out of fashion.
Duchess of Malfi
Which character is the only real virtuous character in John Webster's Duchess of Malfi?
Author and Title:
I do wonder you do not loathe yourselves.
Observe my meditation now:
What thing is in this outward form of man
To be belov’d? We account it ominous,
If nature do produce a colt, or lamb,
A fawn, or goat, in any limb resembling
A man, and fly from’t as a prodigy.
Man stands amaz’d to see his deformity
In any other creature but himself.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
You would look up to heaven, but I think
The devil, that rules i’th’air stands in your light.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
Sooth, generally for women;
A man might strive to make glass malleable,
Ere he should make them fixed.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
‘Faith, end here,
And go no farther in your cruelty;
Send her a penitential garment to put on
Next to her delicate skin, and furnish her
With beads, and prayer-books.
JOhn Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
Damn her! that body of hers,
While that my blood ran pure in’t, was more worth
Than that which thou wouldst comfort, called a soul.
I will send her masks of common courtesans,
Have her meat serv’d up by bawds and ruffians,
And, ’cause she’ll needs be mad, I am resolv’d
To remove forth the common hospital
All the mad-folk, and place them near her lodging;
There let them practice together, sing and dance,
And set their gambols to the full o’th’ moon:
If she can sleep the better for it, let her.
Your work is almost ended.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
WHich character in The Duchess of Malfi begins to develop a conscience and says: I stand like one
That long hath ta’en a sweet and golden dream:
I am angry with myself, now that I wake. . . .
What would I do, were this to do again?
I would not change my peace of conscience
For all the wealth of Europe.
In Duchess of Malfi, which characters falls prey to lycanthropy?
Duke Ferdinand
What is lycanthropy?
The ability or power of a human being to undergo transformation into a wolf
Author and title:
In a mist: I know not how:
Such a mistake as I have often seen
In a play. O, I am gone!
We are only like dead walls, or vaulted graves,
That ruin’d, yield no echo. Fare you well.
It may be pain, but no harm to me to die
In so good a quarrel. O, this gloomy world!
In what a shadow, or deep pit of darkness,
Doth womanish and fearful mankind live!
Let worthy minds ne’er stagger in distrust
To suffer death or shame for what is just:
Mine is another voyage.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the Sanguine Theory of humor and what does that mean?
The Duchess
full-blooded, robust, full of life
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the phlegmatic theory of humor and what does that mean?
impassive, unemotional, stoic
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the melancholic theory of humor and what does that mean?
depressed, moody, cynical
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the choleric theory of humor and what does that mean?
Duke Ferninand
angry, hot-tempered
Author and Title:
He gave us this eternal spring,
Which here enamels every thing,
And sends the fowls to us in care, 15
On daily visits through the air;
He hangs in shades the orange bright,
Like golden lamps in a green night,
And does in the pomegranates close
Jewels more rich than Ormus shows; 20
He makes the figs our mouths to meet,
And throws the melons at our feet.
Andrew Marvell
Which poem achieves much of its force by contrasting the erotic
lushness of a garden with a wasteland and who is the author?
To His Coy Mistress
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
And you should, if you please, refuse
Till the conversion of the Jews.
My vegetable love should grow
Vaster than empires, and more slow.
An hundred years should go to praise
Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze;
Two hundred to adore each breast,
But thirty thousand to the rest;
An age at least to every part,
And the last age should show your heart.
For, lady, you deserve this state,
Nor would I love at lower rate.
Andrew Marvell
To his Coy Mistress
Author and Title:
But at my back I always hear
Time’s winged chariot hurrying near;
And yonder all before us lie
Deserts of vast eternity.
Thy beauty shall no more be found, 25
Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound
My echoing song; then worms shall try
That long preserv’d virginity,
And your quaint honour turn to dust,
And into ashes all my lust. 30
The grave’s a fine and private place,
But none I think do there embrace.
Andrew Marvell
To His Coy Mistress
Author and Title:
How vainly men themselves amaze
To win the Palm, the Oke, or Bayes;
And their uncessant Labours see
Crown’d from some single Herb or Tree,
Whose short and narrow verged shade 5
Does prudently their Toyles upbraid;
While all Flow’rs and all Trees do close
To weave the Garlands of repose.
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Author and Title:
No white nor red was ever seen
So am’rous as this lovely green.
Fond Lovers, cruel as their Flame
Cut in these Trees their Mistress name. 20
Little, alas, they know or heed,
How far these Beauties Hers exceed.
Fair Trees! were soe’er your barks I wound,
No Name shall but your own be found.
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Author and Title:
Mean while the Mind, from Pleasure less,
Withdraws into its happiness:
The Mind, that Ocean where each kind
Does streight its own resemblance find;
Yet it creates, transcending these, 45
Far other Worlds, and other Seas,
Annihilating all that’s made
To a green Thought in a green Shade.
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Which author wrote "On Mr. Milton's Paradise Lost"?
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
Many there be that complain of divine Providence for
suffering Adam to transgress. Foolish tongues! When God
gave him reason, he gave him freedom to choose, for reason
is but choosing.
John Milton
AUthor and Title:
It was from out the rind of one apple tasted, that the
knowledge of good and evil as two twins cleaving together
leapt forth into the World. And perhaps this is that doom
which Adam fell into of knowing good and evil, that is to
say of knowing good by evil.
John Milton
Author and Title:
Truth is compared in Scripture to a streaming
fountain; if her waters flow not in a perpetual progression,
they sicken into a muddy pool of conformity and tradition.
A man may be a heretic in the truth; and if he believe things
only because his Pastor sayes so . . . without knowing other
reason, though his belief be true, yet the very truth he holds,
becomes his heresie.
John Milton
Author and Title:
I mean not tolerated Popery, and open superstition, which as
it extirpates all religions and civill supremacies, so it self
should be extirpate, provided first that all charitable and
compassionat means be used to win and regain the weak and
the misled: that also which is impious or evil absolutely
either against faith or maners no law can possibly permit,
that intends not to unlaw it self:
John Milton
Why won't Milton tolerate Roman Catholicism?
Write an essay question or answer question outloud.
In Paradise Lost, what is the bard saying when he expresses an intention to
soar Above th’ Aonian mount?
Answer the question moron!
Author and Title:
And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer
Before all temples th' upright heart and pure,
Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first
Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, 20
Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast Abyss,
And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark
Illumine, what is low raise and support;
That, to the height of this great argument,
I may assert Eternal Providence, 25
And justify the ways of God to men.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Hear all ye angels, progeny of Light, . . .
Hear my decree, which unrevoked shall stand.
This day I have begot whom I declare
My only Son, and on this holy hill
Him have anointed, whom ye now behold
At my right hand; your head I him appoint;
And by my Self have sworn to him shall bow
All knees in heav’n, and shall confess him Lord:
Under his great vicegerent reign abide
United as one individual soul
Forever happy: him who disobeys
Me disobeys, breaks union, and that day
Cast out from God and blessèd vision, falls
Into uter darkness, deep engulfed, his place
Ordained without redemption, without end.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Whom reason hath equaled, force hath made supreme
Above his equals. Farewell, happy fields,
Where joy for ever dwells! Hail, horrors! hail, 250
Infernal world! and thou, profoundest Hell,
Receive thy new possessor—one who brings
A mind not to be changed by place or time.
The mind is its own place, and in itself
Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heaven.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
A specific branch of theology and philosophy that attempts to reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the assumption of a benevolent God —ie. the problem of evil.
Author and Title:
[M]an will hearken to his glozing lies,
And easily transgress the sole command,
Sole pledge of his obedience: so will fall 95
He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault?
Whose but his own? Ingrate, he had of me
All he could have; I made him just and right,
Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall
John Milton
Paradise Lost
The problem with theodicy
Answer please!
Author and Title:
They therefore as to right belonged,
So were created, nor can justly accuse
Their Maker, or their making, or their fate,
As if predestination overruled
Their will, disposed by absolute decree 115
Or high foreknowledge; they themselves decreed
Their own revolt, not I: if I foreknew,
Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault,
Which had no less proved certain unforeknown.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
The first sort by their own suggestion fell,
Self-tempted, self-deprav'd: Man falls deceiv'd
By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace,
The other none: In Mercy and Justice both,
Through Heav'n and Earth, so shall my glory excel,
But Mercy, first and last, shall brightest shine.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
The mind is its own place, and in itself
Can make a heav’n of hell, a hell of heav’n.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Let us . . . seek
Our own good from ourselves, and from our own
Live to ourselves, though in this vast recess,
Free and to none accountable, preferring
Hard liberty before the easy yoke
Of servile pomp. Our greatness will appear
Then most conspicuous when great things of small,
Useful of hurtful, prosperous of adverse,
We can create, and in what place soe’er
Thrive under evil, and work ease out of pain
Through labour and endurance.
JOhn Milton
Paradise Lost
What character does this describe: for within him Hell
He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell
One step, no more than from himself, can fly
By change of place.
AUthor and Title:
O goodness infinite, goodness immense!
That all this good of evil shall produce
And evil turn to good; more wonderful
Than that which by creation first brought forth
Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand,
Whether I should repent me now of sin
By me done and occasioned, or rejoice
Much more, that much more good
thereof shall spring,
To God more glory, more good will to men
From God, and over wrath grace shall abound.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
AUthor and Title:
And vengeance to the wicked, at return
Of him so lately promised to thy aid,
The Woman’s Seed; . . . he will dissolve
Satan with his perverted world; then raise
From the conflagrant mass, purged and refined,
New Heavens, new Earth, ages of endless date,
Founded in righteousness, and peace, and love;
To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal bliss.
JOhn Milton
Paradise Lost
Who says this:
Henceforth I learn, that to obey is best,
And love with fear the only God; to walk
As in his presence; ever to observe
His providence; and on him sole depend,
Merciful over all his works, with good
Still overcoming evil, and by small
Accomplishing great things.
Who says this:
This having learnt, thou hast attained the sum
Of wisdom; hope no higher, . . . only add
Deeds to thy knowledge answerable; add faith,
Add virtue, patience, temperance; add love,
By name to come called charity, the soul
Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loth
To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess
A Paradise within thee, happier far.
Who in Paradise Lost is considered to be the Prince of Angels?
Who says this:
"O arguement, blasphemous, false and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heav'n expected, least of all from thee, ingrate, in plave thyself so high above thy peers"
Who calls Satan a fool to rise up against God's omnipotence?
Who says "That though art happy owe to GOd. That thou continuest such owe to thyself. That is, to thy obedience: therein stand!
Which character says this and from which work? "For how can hearts, not free, be tried whether they serve willing or no, who will but what they must by destiny and can no other choose?"
Which angel in Milton's Paradise Lost is the affable arch angel?
Which character in Milton's Paradise Lost rebukes Adam and says sex is not supposed to cause passion?
Who is it that guides Satan to Earth?
What do the good angels use in order to defeat Satan and his army in teh war between good and evil?
How long did the bad angels fall after they were kicked out of heaven?
9 days
How do Sin and Death follow Satan to Earth?
They build a bridge over chaos
What does Death introduce 1st among irrational beings?
Who says "FOr He, be sure, in heighth or depth still first and last will reign sole king of His kingdom lose no part but by our revolt over hell extend HIs empire and with iron sceptor rule us here as with HIs golden those in Heav'n"?
Which character in Paradise Lost is the gate keeper to paradise and has to kick Satan out of heaven?
Who does God send to teach man of the dangers they face so that they don't fall?
Which fallen angel in Paradise Lost decides that they should all make the best of hell and not go to war?
Which character in Paradise Lost wishes to be equal to God or at least annihilated in the struggle and openly bids for war?
Which character in Paradise Lost wishes to wait and see what happens before the fallen angels decide to go to war with God?
HOw does God punish Satan for tricking Eve into eating the fruit?
He makes him a snake forever
What does the Son throw at the bad angels during the war of good and evil?
10,000 thunders
Which character in Paradise Lost feels bad for Adam and Eve and gives them clothes?
The Son
Which character does God say will block the mouth of hell with the bodies of Sin and Death at the end of time?
The Son
Who says "I yielded, and from that time see how beauty is excelled by manly grace, and wisdom which alone is truly fair."
Is it Adam or Eve who proposes suicide as a way of avoiding God's wrath in Paradise Lost?
Who is this passage describing: "His other parts besides, prone on the flood extended long and large lay floating many a rood in bulk as huge"
WHen Satan encounters Uriel in Paradise Lost, what does he transform into as a disguise?
a stripling cherub
Name the animals Satan uses in his ploy to corrupt man.
A bird
A toad
A snake
A lion
A tiger
Is it Adam or Eve who proposes suicide as a way of avoiding God's wrath in Paradise Lost?
Who is this passage describing: "His other parts besides, prone on the flood extended long and large lay floating many a rood in bulk as huge"
WHen Satan encounters Uriel in Paradise Lost, what does he transform into as a disguise?
a stripling cherub
Name the animals Satan uses in his ploy to corrupt man.
A bird
A toad
A snake
A lion
A tiger
According to which auther, women are “Lewd, Idle,
Froward [unruly, wilful] and Unconstant”
Joseph Swetnam
Author and Title:
Woman “was no sooner made, but straightway her mind
was set upon mischief, for by her aspiring mind [pride]
and wanton will [both lechery & wilfulness] she quickly
procured man’s fall, and therefore ever since they are and
have been a woe unto man”
Joseph Swetnam
The Arrangement of Lewd, Idle, Froward and Unconstant Women
What three things must women be in order to fulfill the purpose fro which they were made according to Joseph Swetnam?
1. Silent
2. Chaste
3. Obedient
Author and Title:
’Tis not enough for one that is a wife
To keep[ her spotless from an act of ill:
But from suspicion she should free her life,
And bare herself of power as well as will.
’Tis not so glorious for her to be free,
As by her proper self restrained to be.
Elizabeth Cary
The Tragedy of Mariam
Author and Title:
That wife her hand against her fame doth rear,
That more than to her lord alone will give
A private word to any second ear,
And though she may with reputation live,
Yet though most chaste, she doth her glory blot,
And wounds her honor, though she kills it not.
Elizabeth Cary
The Tragedy of Mariam
Author and Title:
Even speaking to another man makes a wife a whore.
Like a nun, the ideal wife finds perfect freedom in slavery,
submitting her will entirely to her lord and master.
Remember Herbert’s struggle to submit his will to the will
of Jesus his Master, in whose service [he finds] . . . perfect
Elizabeth Cary
THe Tragedy of Mariam
Which character is the following describing and who is the author?
But on some level she has internalized the oppressor, and
so she acquiesces in her own victimization. Her “perfect”
mind is free, but her beautiful body is food for worms, and
justly so.
Elizabeth Cary
Author and Title:
“it pleased our lord and savior Jesus Christ, without the
assistance of man, being free from original and all other
sins, from the time of his conception, till the hour of his
death, to be begotten of a woman, born of a woman,
nourished of a woman, obedient to a woman, and that he
healed women, pardoned women, comforted women:
Aemelia Lanyer
To the Virtuous Reader
Author and Title:
If Eve did err, it was for knowledge sake;
The fruit being fair persuaded him to fall:
No subtle serpent’s falsehood did betray him; 55
If he would eat it, who had power to stay him?
Aemelia Lanyer
Eve's Apology in Defense of Women
What did Rachel Speght write?
A Muzzle for Melastomus
Author and Title:
FIrst in dishonoring of God by palpable blasphemy, wresting and perverting every place of Scripture that you have alleged, which by the testimony of Saint Peter, is to the destruction of them to do so.
Rachel SPeght
A Muzzle for Melastomus
Author and Title:
When night's black mantle could most darkness prove,
And sleep, death's image, did my senses hire
From knowledge of myself, then thoughts did move
Swifter than those most swiftness need require.
In sleep, a chariot drawn by winged desire
I saw, where sat bright Venus, Queen of Love,
And at her feet, her son, still adding fire
To burning hearts, which she did hold above.
But one heart flaming more than all the rest
The goddess held, and put it to my breast
"Dear son, now shut," said she: "thus must we win."
He her obneyed, and martyred my poor heart,
I, waking, hoped as dreams it would depart:
Yet since, O me, a lover I have been.
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
Author and Title:
Diana (on a time) walking the wood
To sport herself, of her fair train forlorn,
Chanced for to prick her foot against a thorn,
And from thence issued out a stream of blood.
No sooner she was vanished out of sight,
But love's fair queen came there away by chance,
And having of this hap a glimm'ring glance,
She put the blood into a crystal bright.
When being now come unto Mount Rhodope,
With her fair hands she forms a shape of snow,
And blends it with this blood; from whence doth grow
A lovely creature, brighter than the day.
And being christened in fair Paphos' shrine,
She called him Ganymede, as all divine.
Richard Barnfield
Author and Title:
And, oh, no more; the likeness being such,
Why should they not alike in all parts touch?
Hand to strange hand, lip to lip none denies;
Why should they breast to breast or thighs to thighs?
Liekness begets such strange self-flattery,
That touching myself, all seems done to thee.
Myself I embrace, and mine own hands I kiss,
And amorously thank myself for this.
Me, in my glass, I call thee; but alas,
When I would kiss, tears dim mine eyes, and glass.
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
As flames do work and wind when they ascend,
So did I weave myself into the sense;
But while I bustled, I might hear a friend
Whisper, "How wide is all this long pretense!
There is in love a sweetness ready penned:
Copy out only that, and save expense."
George Herbert
Author and Title:
I struck the board and cried, "No more,
I will abroad!
What? Shall I ever sigh and pine?
My lines and life are free, free as the road,
Loose as the wind, as large as store.
Shall I be still in suit?
Have I no harvest but a thorn
To let me blood, and not restore
What I have lost with cordial fruit?