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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
four domains of nursing
1. avg number of nurses working a. direct pt care b. admin c. re 4. research
quantitative research
1. test relations, diffs, cause/effect iactions between var 2. data: numerical 3. systematic process
qualitative research
1. study of human exp 2. often conducted in natural settings 3. data: words or text are generated (interview/focus groups)
quantitative deductive approach
1. existing info is used to dev a spec research question that can be investigated though obj methodologies 2. gen -> specific 3. randomized controlled trial IE does walking program improve the quality of life of adults with COPD
qualitative inductive approach
1. broad open ended research question is dev to dev an understanding of a particular phenomenon 2. start with details of an exp and dev general conclusions 3. phenomenological observational study IE what are RN's perceptions about their current roles and activities in family health teams in SE Ontario
mixed methods design
1. both quantitative/qual approaches are used in a single study 2. implementation of a questionnaire and focus group IE study effectiveness of a drug for cancer 1. measure tumor 2. understand what is important to clients when taking drug
philosophies of research
1. all research is based on philisophical beliefs and assumptions 2. not always id in research reports, more likely to be explicitly descrbied in qual research
positivism
1. basis of emp analytical/quant research 2. main assumption is that reality exists and can be obs/measure/reproduced
constructivism
1. basis for naturalistic/qual research 2. reality is not fixed but rather is a product of people's perceptions, no ultimate truth exists
concept
1. mental construst or idea 2. it is imp to know the meaning that a researcher gives to a concept IE quality of life, pain, adherence in a research study
theory
1. set of interrelated concepts that provides a system view of a phenomenon 2. blueprint
theoretical framework
1. strux of concepts that exists in literature 2. interchangeable with conceptual
conceptual framework
1. strux of concepts/theories pulled together by a researcher for the purpose of a particular study 2. interchangeable with theoretical
grand theory
1. all inclusive conceptual strux 2. broad, includes views on person/health/enviro IE orem's theory of self care deficit, roy's adaptation theory
midrange theory
1. focused conceptual strux that synthesizes practice research into ideas central to the discipline IE theory of unpleasant symptoms
microrange theory
1. linking of concrete concepts into a statement that can be examined in practice and research 2. very narrow specific IE balance between analgesia and SE
frameworks in research
1. used to organize a study by categorizing imp parameters assoc with research ? 2. foundation for generating research hypotheses which are imp for components of quantitative research
nursing role effectiveness model: strux
1. pt: age, gender, edu, type/severity of illness/comorbid 2. nurse: edu, exp 3. organizational: staffing, mix, workload, enviro
nurinsg role effectiveness model: process
1. indep role: nursing iventions 2. medical care-related role: med directed care, expanded scope of nursing prac 3. interdep role: team comm, coord care, case ment
nursing role effectiveness model: outcomes
1. nursing sensitive pt outcomes: funx status, self care, symptom control, safety adverse occurences, pt satisfaction
critical appraisal: abstract
1. short comprehensive summ of methods, sample seize, results 2. sometimes headings are used (bg, obj, meth, res, conclusions)
critical appraisal: intro
1. brief lit review supporting the need for study 2. presents conceptual framework 3. states the purpose of study and spec obj, sometimes presented in form of research ? 4. provides a hypothesis to be tested
critical appraisal: method - research design
1. research design is ID a. qual/quant b. is research design appropriate
critical appraisal: method - sampling
1. sampling a. char of pop in which sample was drawn is descr b. # of subjects ID c. selection method should be ID (random sample/convenience sample) d. in/exclusion criteria
critical appraisal: method - data collection
1. tools used to gather data are ID 2. spec implementation procedures 3. was ethics approval obtained (mandatory)
critical appraisal: method - data analysis
1. stat test used to analyze data are ID 2. define stat significance 3. are tests appropriate
critical appraisal: results
1. displayed visually in graphs or tables and referenced 2. statistically significant results are hilited
critical appraisal: discussion
1. author ties all pieces of study together 2. results are compared to existing lit 3. implications of research are IDed
things to consider critiquing criteria in text
1. results of one article should not be taken alone 2. imp that results of a study are replicated and that studies are critically appraised to verify quality prior to implementing policy and practice change