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20 Cards in this Set

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Furosemide - Names
Lasix
Furosemide - Classification
loop diuretic
Furosemide - Action
(2)
inhibits sodium reabsorption by the kidneys

IV doses reduce cardiac preload by increasing venous capacitance
Furosemide - Indications
CHF
PE
heptic disease
renal disease
Furosemide - Contraindications
dehydration

hypovolemia

pregnancy (except in life threatening emergencies)
Furosemide - Side Effects
dry mouth
hearing loss in large doses given too rapidly
hypercalcemia
hyperglycemia
hypochloremia
hypokalemia
hyponatremia
hypotension
Furosemide - Adult Dose
20 - 40 mg slow IV over 1 - 2 minutes, not to exceed 20 mg/min, may repeat in 1 - 2 hours
Furosemide - Peds Dose
1 mg/kg slow IV, max total 6 mg/kg
Furosemide - Pregnancy Class
Class C
Furosemide - Onset
(2)
diuretic 15 - 20 minutes

vascular within 5 minutes
Calcium Chloride - Indications
calcium channel blocker toxicity
hyperkalemia (except w/dig tox)
hypermagnesemia
hypocalcemia
prevent hypotensive effects of calcium channel blocking agents (verapamil, diltiazem)
Calcium Chloride - Contraindications
(4)
d,h,r,v
dig toxicity
hypercalcemia
renal or cardiac diseases
V-fib during cardiac resuscitation
Calcium Chloride - Side Effects
bradycardia (may cause asystole)
hypotension
metallic taste
severe local necrosis or sloughing after IV/IM infiltration
Calcium Chloride - Adult Dose
8 - 16 mg/kg of 10% slow IV, may be repeated in 10 minutes if necessary
Calcium Chloride - Peds Dose
20 mg/kg of 10% solution slow IV/IO, may repeat in 10 minutes
Calcium Chloride - Onset
5 - 15 minutes
Calcium Chloride - Duration
dose dependant (effects may persist for 4 hours after IV administration)
Calcium Chloride - Pregnancy Class
Class C
Calcium Chloride - Notes
(2)
administer slow IV only, not exceeding 1 mL/min

monitor heart rate during administration
Furosemide - Duration
2 hours