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31 Cards in this Set

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what was the name of the e-d projector
vitascope
what was the main film style at the beginning of cinema?
documentaries (lumiere's actualites)
what were characteristics of early film? (both edison and lumiere)
- static camera (except for tub race - slight pan!)
- theatrical influences (front row center, proscenium, invisible 4th wall)
- 1 movie 1 shot (continuously exposed length of film
why was ramirez berg to excited about tub race
slight pan!!
what country started making innovations in films in the early 1900s?
french!
Alice Guy-Blache?
- pioneer of narrative film (and latery color+sound film)
- rose from secretary to head of film production at Gaumont Studios
- most prolific early filmmaker
what did alice guy-blache pioneer in?
narrative film
color film
sound film
where did alice guy-blache start
secretary at gaumont, rose to head of film production
how many films is alice guy-blache credited for. actual number?
240+
700+
why was alice guy-blache not credited sometimes
guys came in and stole credit for her

also not respectable work
what types of people were attracted to film in the early days? why?
women, irish, jews, because it was not respectable work (and that's the only place they would be taken)
how many sound shorts did guy-blache make
100
who was georges melies
magician turned filmmaker
- special effects using stop motion photography
- cinematic transitions
who did melies try to buy equipment from?
lumieres (cinematographe), but they wouldnt sell so he bought it from competitors
what was melies' first magic trick in film
accidentally saw a coach turn into a funeral hearst (when camera jammed)
how did melies use stop motion photography
stop the cam, change the pic, restart the cam
what transitions did melies use
fade in, fade out, lap dissolve (combines 2 image ends)
cinematic tricks of melies?
- stop motion photography
- transitions
- multiple exposures onto a single piece of film
who did trip to the moon
melies (he directs, produces, stars in, writes, set design, costume design his own films)
what were melies' contributions?
1. special effects
2. 1 shot 1 SCENE not 1 shot 1 film. (stop motion makes something more than one shot, like when the sedonites disappear)
3. movies are many scenes
4. longer films
5. cinema creates its own reality
how many scenes in a trip to the moon
16, more than one shot per scene sometimes
what is the basic unit of construction in melies' stuff
scene, each has a beginning, middle, end
what film helped to make narrative film
trip to the moon
was melies' realist or formalist
formalist
what is realist v. formalist
realist - film/frame is a window, you are trying to capture life as you see it
formalist - film/frame is a canvas, create whatever you can imagine
who is porter
- worked with edison
- projectionist turned filmmaker
- the great train robbery
who did the great train robbery

what did it do overall
edwin s porter

change filmmaking FOREVAR
gtr advances?
1. varied exterior shots (more interesting than interiors)
2. moving camera (on train). also pan and tilt
3. new standard movie length: 1 reel is 15 mins
4. shot is the basic unit of movie construction
shots in gtr
- exteriors are more interesting than interiors
- exterior: cu, ms, ls; fresh, non traditional shots; depth, perspective, motion through bg, middle ground, foreground; moving from CU --> els fast!
- interior: proscenium framing tradition
how many shots is gtr
14 shots
what makes the shot the basic construction for gtr
some scenes are not understood with only 1 shot (like the bandit's getaway scene that is 3 shots that cannot be understood alone: getting on the train as it leaves, getting off the train as it stops, getting on the horses and riding off)