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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anti-mullerian hormone secreted by
testes
take out SDN in male rats
won’t mount females, will allow other males to mount them
small SDN causes
lordosis
when is SRY gene activated?
after ridges develop (4 weeks gestation)
one side of body is male, one side is female
Gynandromorph
Turner's syndrome genotype
XO
5alpha caused by...
atypical gene
gonadal sex determines ____ sex
phenotypic
SDN larger in ___ than ____
males, females
what triggers gonadal secretion in puberty?
pituitary gonadotropins
what hormones do ovaries secrete?
none
Disorder: Male, but feminine body shape
Klinefelter's syndrome
Male pups who are deprived of their mother’s anogenital grooming have ______
fewer SNB cells
Disorder: Testes develop normally because of SRY
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Disorder: External genitalia develops as if female, but also have testes
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Disorder: Defect in enzyme synthesizing corticosteroid hormones (causes excess T production, but not as much as testes would produce)
CAH
long lasting, usually permanent changes, most occur around birth and at puberty
organizational effects
short lasting, effects only occur while hormone is present
activational
Disorder:Generally short stature, broad chest, and cognitive deficits
Turner's syndrome
Klinefelter's syndrome genotype
XXY or XXXY
Disorder: infertile, usually learning disabilities
Klinefelter’s syndrome
Disorder: Can affect males and females, but much more dramatic in females
CAH
erectile structures deep to labia minora
vestibular bulbs
viviparous animals
some fish, some reptiles, most mammals
elongated erectile structures within penis or clitoris
corpus cavernosa
stages of arousal
excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
extensions from infundibulum of oviduct
fimbria
narrw section of oviduct nearest to uterus
isthmus
muscular sling that underlies and supports pelvic organs
pelvic floor
glands at introitus that discharge fluid during arousal
bartholin's glands
opening of urethra
urethral meatus
entry to vagina
introitus
extension of corpus cavernosa
crus
fold of skin covering clitoris
prepuce
Remove clitoris, labia minora, inner labia majora. Stitch remaining labia majora together to leave only one small opening. Need surgery again to have sex.
infibulation (pharaonic circumcision)
Remove entire clitoral hood and shaft
clitoridectomy
Removes clitoral hood, although sometimes some of the clitoris lost, too
Sunnah
parous hymen
has given birth
annular hymen
single hole
species with kin selection
bees, ants, mexican jays
in external fertilization gametes are...
similar in size
oviparous mammals
spiny anteater, platypus
monomorphic species
ringtail doves, seagulls
things that are haploid have...
...one chromosome
zygotes are...
...diploid
gametes are...
...haploid
Calderone
Present young people with positive education about sexuality
Sanger
Right to learn about contraception information
Nothing different about gay people, society has decided that some people are gay)
Social constructionist
Something essentially different in people who are gay. Some people are born different
Essentialist