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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
NORMAL ADULT URINE OUTPUT/
1,500-1,600ML/DAY
NOCTURIA
AWAKENING TO VOID ONE OR MORE TIMES AT NIGHTSIGN OF RENAL ALTERATION
PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROSTOMY
TUBE INSERTED THROUGH THE SKIN INTO RENAL PELVIS TO REMOVE STONE
PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROSTOLITHOTOMY
ULTRASOUND WAVES THROUGH A PROBE ATTACHED TO THE CALCULUS
EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY
DELIVERS SHOCK WAVE FRM OUTSIDE THE BODY TO PULVERIZE THE STONE
HOW MUCH URINE IN THE BLADDER TO ACTIVAE SENSATION OF URINATION
ADULT: 150-200ML
INFANT: 50-100ML
WHERE DOES ERYTHROPOIETIN TAKE PLACE?
KIDNEY
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE (ESRD)
RESULT OF IRREVERSIBLE DAMAGE TO KIDNEY TISSUE
WHEN AGGRAVATED NEEDS DIALYSIS
ANURIA
NO URINE PRODUCTION CAN BE DUE TO KIDNEY DISEASE
OLIGURIA
URINE OUTPUT THAT IS DECREASE DESPITE NORMAL INTAKE
CAN BE DUE TO FLUID LOSS THROUGH OTHER MEANS
ALSO CAN BE DUE TO EARLY KIDNEY DISEASE
WHAT SUBSTANCE PROMOTES INCREASE OF URINE FORMATION?
COFFEE
TEA
COCOA
COLA
ALCOHOL (INHIBITS THE RELEASE ADH)
CAFFEINE
URINARY RETENTION
ACCUMULATION OF URINE RESULTING FROM AN INABILITY OF THE BLADDER TO EMPTY PROPERLY
BLADDER IS UNABLE TO RESPOND TO MICTURITION REFLEX, AND THUS UNABLE TO EMPTY
WHAT IS NEEDED TO BE ABLE TO HAVE ENTERAL TUBE FEEDING?
GI FUNCTIONING
PREFERRED METHOD OF NUTRITION WHEN SWALLOWING IS IMPAIRED
ENTERAL TUBE FEEDING
TYPES OF ENTERAL FEEDING
VIA NASAOGASTRIC, JEJUNAL, GASTRIC TUBE
FLEXIBLE SIGMOIDOSCOPY
AN EXAM OF THE INTERIOR OF THE SIGMOID COLON THROUGH THE USE OF A FLEXIBLE OR RIGID LIGHTED TUBE
NPO + ENEMA + Mg+ CITRATE
CT SCAN
AN X-RAY EXAM OF MANY ANGLES
NPO
NORMAL SALINE ENEMA
THE SAFEST SOLUTION TO USE BECAUSE EXERT THE SAME OSMOTIC PRESSURE
HYPERTONIC SOLUTION
EXERTS OSMOTIC PRESSURE THAT PULLS FLUIDS OUT OF INTERSTITIAL SPACES
CONTRAINDICATED FOR DEHYDRATED PATIENT
FLEET ENEMA IS MOST COMMON
OPENING STERILE ITEM: STEPS
PLACE IN PLATE WORK SURFACE
GRASP OUTER SURFACE OF THE OUTERMOST FLAP
OPEN IT AWAY FROM BODY KEEP ARMS AWAY FROM FILED
GRASP SIDE FLAP AND OPEN THE SAME WAY
GRASP 2ND SIDE FLAP FOLLOW PREVIOUS STEP
GRASP INNERMOST FLAP STAD BACK AND PULL FLAP BACK
USE INNER SURFACE FOR STERILE FIELD
GRASP 1IN TO MANEUVER THE FIELD
DO NOT ALLOW FLAP TO SPRING BACK
WHAT IS CONSIDERED CONTAMINATE FROM THE EDGE?
1 INCH BORDER (2.5CM)
SURGICAL ASEPSIS
ELIMINATE ALL MICROORGANISM
7 PRINCIPLES OF STERILE ASEPSIS
1. STERILE OBJECTIVE REMAINS STERILE ONLY WHEN TOUCHED BY ANOTHER STERILE OBJECT
2. ONLY STERILE OBJECT MAY BE PLACED ON STERILE FIELD
3. STERILE OBJECT OR FIELD OUT OF VISION OR OBJECT BELOW WAIST IS CONTAMINATED
4. A STERILE OBJECT OR FIELD BECOMES CONTAMINATED BY LONG EXPOSURE TO AIR
5. WHEN STERILE SURFACE BECOMES IN CONTACT WITH CONTAMINATED SURFACE IT BECOMES CONTAMINATED
6. FLUIDS FLOW IN THE DIRECTION OF GRAVITY
7. THE EDGE OF A STERILE FIELD OR CONTAINER ARE CONTAMINATED
MOST COMMON INDICATION FOR PERMANENT COLOSTOMY
COLORECTAL CANCER
WHAT TO AVOID WHEN PERFORMING SURGICAL ASEPSIS
AVOID MOVEMENT
TOUCHING STERILE SUPPLIES
COUGHING SNEEZING OR TALKING OVER A STERILE AREA
WHEN DO YOU WEAR EYE PROTECTION?
WHEN THERE IS RISK FOR FLUID OR BLOOD SPLASHING INTO EYES
LAST THING YOU DO AFTER STERILE PROCEDURE
PERFORM HAND HYGIENE
WHAT TO DO IF MASK BECOMES MOIST DURING STERILE PROCEDURE
CHANGE IT
WHAT SHOULD A NURSE DO BEFORE PLACING STERILE SOLUTION IN A STERILE CONTAINER
POUR SMALL AMOUNT INTO DISPOSALE CAP
IT CLEANS THE LIP OF THE BOTTLE
WHEN PREPARING A STERILE FIELD WHAT SHOULD BE PLACED FIRST ON THE TABLE THE TOP OR BOTTOM OF THE DRAPE
BOTTOM, PREVENTS FROM REACHING OVER THE STERILE FIELD
HOW TO OPEN STERILE ITEM WHILE HOLDING IT?
HOLD PACKAGE WITH DOMINANT HAND WHILE PULLING AWAY FROM NURSE
HOW DO YOU DISPOSE OF STERILE GLOVE AFTER PROCEDURE?
GRASP OUTSIDE OF ONE CUFF WITH OTHER GLOVED HAND
PULL HALF WAY DOWN PALM OF HAND
TAKE THUMB OF HALF-UNGLOVED HAND
PULL GLOVE OFF
WHICH HAND DO YOU INSERT STERILE GLOVE FIRST?
DOMINANT
WHEN PERFORMING SURGICAL HAND ASEPSIS HOW FAR DOWN THE ARM DO YOU NEED TO SCRUB?
5 CM ABOVE ELBOWS
KEEP HANDS ABOVE ELBOW
HOW TO POUR STERILE SOLUTION?
SLOWLY TO AVOID PLASHING ON THE FIELD
SYMPTOMS OF ESRD
INCREASE N WASTE IN BLOOD
NAUSEA
VOMITING
ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE
COMA
HEADACHES
CONVUSION