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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) associated wtih abnormal H+ secretion and nephrolithiasis
Type I (distal) RTA
RTA associated with abnormal HCO3 and rickets
Type II (proximal) RTA
RTA associated with aldosterone defect
Type IV (distal) RTA
"Doughy" skin
Hypernatremia
Differential of hpervolemic hyponatremia
Cirrhosis, CHF, nephritic syndrome
Chvostek's and Trousseau's signs
hypocalcemia
THe most common causes of hypercalcemia
Malignancy and hyperparathyroidism
T-wave flattening and U waves
Hypokalemia
Peaked T waves and widened QRS
Hyperkalema
First-line treatment for moderate hypercalcemia
IV hydration adn loop diuretics (furosemide)
Type of ARF in a patient with FeNA < 1%
Prerenal
A 49-year-old man present with acute-onset flank pain and hematuria
Nephrolithiasis
The most common type of nephrolithiasis
Calcium oxalate
A 20-year-old man presents with a palpable flank mass and hematuria. Ultrasound shows bilateral enlarged kidneys with cysts. Associated brain anomaly?
Cerebral berry aneurysms (autosomal-dominant PCKD)
Hematuria, hypertenstion, and oliguria
Nephritic syndrome
Proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipiduria nd edema
Nephrotic syndrome
The most common form of nephritic syndrome
Membranous glomerulonephritis
The most common form of glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease)
Glomerulonephritis with deafness
Alport's syndrome
Glomerulonephritis with hemoptysis
Wegener's granulomatosis and Goodpasture's syndrome
Presence of red cell casts in urine sediment
Glomerulonephritis/nephritic syndrome
Eosinophils in urine sediment
Allergic intersitial nephritis
Waxy casts in urine sediment and Maltese crosses (seen with lipiduria)
Nephrotic syndrome
Drowsiness, asterixix, nausea, and a pericardial friction rub
Uremic syndrome seen in patients with renal failure
A 55 year old man is diagnosed with prostrate cancer. Treatment options?
Wait, surgical resection, radiation and/or androgen suppression
Low urine specific gravity in the presence of high serum osmolality
Diabetes insipidus
Treatment of SIADH?
Fluid restriction, demeclocycline
Hematuria, flank pain, and palpable flank mass
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC)
Testicular cancer associated with beta-hCG, AFP
Choriocarcinoma
The most common type of testicular cancer
Transitional cell carcinoma
The most common histology of bladder cancer?
Transitional cell carcinoma
Complication of overly rapid correction of hyponatremia
Central pontine myelinolysis
Salicylate ingestion occurs in what type of acid-base disorder?
Anion gap acidosis and 1* respiratory alkalosis due to central respiratory stimulation
Acid-base disturbance commonly seen in pregnant women
Respiratory alkalosis
Three systemic diseases that lead to nephrotic syndrome
DM, SLE, and amyloidosis
Elevated erythropoietin level, elevated hematocrit, and normal O2 saturation suggest?
RCC or other erythropoietin-producing tumor; evaluate with CT scan
A 55 year old male presents with irrative and obstructive urinary symptoms. Treatment options?
Likely BPH. Options include no treatment, terazosin, finasteride, or surgical intervention (TURP)