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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
roots of jazz
3 million + slaves in U.S. from West Africa, Carribean

music = functional (spiritual work songs)

African speech patterns -> jazz rhythms

minstrelsy, brass bands, dance halls
collision of diverse traditions
black musicians using violin (European tradition)

'jazz' term first used in 1915
jazz
ragtime rhythm + blues pitch distortion

improvisation

intonation freedom

rhythm freedom

spontaneity
dixieland jazz
earliest form of jazz

jazz from New Orleans
dixieland jazz: Louis Armstrong
band with Joe 'king' Oliver

Louis Armstrong and his orchestra
dixieland jazz: example of a song
Basin Street Blues
swing jazz
lilting swing rhythm

string instruments

swing era -> formation of BIG BANDS
swing jazz: Duke Ellington
BIG BAND LEADER

Washington DC

film music

liturgical music
swing jazz: It don't mean a thing
swing era piece

hard meter

big bang sound

Ivie Anderson was singer

ends with 'DOO-WAH'
swing jazz: critiques from Winthrop Sergeant
Ellington lost touch with roots of jazz

simple is better

so now jazz evolves to something else...........
after WW2: BEBOP
fast asymmetrical tempos

complex harmonies

irregular chord progressions

jagged melodies
bebop performers
Dizzy Gellespie

Charlie Parker
cool jazz
reaction to bebop

smooth sounds from Lester Young (sax)

emphasis on arrangements

cool sounds - void sentiment + fullness of swing era

SOFT DYNAMICS
miles davis
trumpeter

Julliard
miles davis: 3 styles
Charlie Parker style

middle (1950s) style

free style
miles davis: musical elements
MODAL JAZZ (king of blue)

jazz improvisation

hard bop
modal jazz
improv based on modal chord progressions

4 bars of intro

10 measures of freely modal harmonies
miles davis: Blue in Green
example of COOL JAZZ

improvised based on modal chord progression

instead of bebop's harmonic complexity, stretch out harmony

avoided the vibrato in winds which contribute to fullness and sentimentality of swing era
miles davis: later career
fusion

influenced later genre of FREE JAZZ