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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is a polis (Greek word)?
A city-state.
Athens and Sparta are examples.
What was the name for the high hill top where the temples to the gods and goddess were built?
The Acropolis.
The Parthenon and other Temples grace the one in Athens.
Name three famous ancient Greek philosophers.
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Bill and Ted met one of these guys!
Who was the statesman who supported democracy as the best form of government?
Pericles - the Age of Pericles is Athens' golden age. He once said "A man who doesn't participate in govern-ment isn't harmless - he's USELESS."
His nickname was onion head.
What was Sparta's form of government like?
It was made up of two kings, an advisory council, five ephors and the Assembly.
You'll never remember the E word for the guys who really ran things.
What is a monarchy?
A government by hereditary ruler such as a king, queen or emperor.
Elizabeth II is one.
What was the aristocracy?
The landowners and nobles (elites)
No no - not Aristocats!! AristoCRATS!
What were the qualifications for citizenship in Athens?
over 30, male citizen (native born)
No slaves, no women.
Was was the name for the members of the Athenian Assembly who were selected by lot and ran day to day affairs?
The Council of 500.
They'll paint you red if you're late to Assembly meetings!
What did Spartans do when a baby was born?
A group examined the child's health. If it was sickly or frail, it was left out to die.
This was a tough "survival of the fittest" Spartan strategy.
Who said "a man who refuses to participate in government isn't harmless -- he's USELESS."
Ole Onionhead himself.
At age 7, what was education like for Sparta boys?
They were taken from their families to live in barracks; forced into strict discipline and exercise; and fed inadequate diets. (so they would learn stealth as they learned to sneak up and swipe food).
It was more like basic training than education.
What did Athenian youth study?
Young men studied poetry, music, rhetoric (public speaking), military and physical training, philosophy, math, etc.
Blame Aristotle for building the first Lyceum - school with many disciplines or subjects!
What was the purpose of women in Spartan society?
To keep in shape and be strong to bear strong male babies for the military.
At least they got to keep those abs in shape!
What was the duty of women in Athens?
To stay at home, run the household, raise the children.
Many thought women were incapable of reason or logic - they were too irrational or unstable!!
What was an oligarchy?
Government of the few - typically the businessmen, merchants, etc.
In Latin America, a few elite families in some nations were very powerful and rich compared to the rest of their society.
Was was Socrates famous for?
The Socratic method - asking questions of the student to get him to think out the answer for himself!
He used to annoy the citizens of Athens hanging out in the marketplace (agora) and questioning all their assumptions and values.
What Idealist and Greek philosopher believed in the Golden Mean and in the Republic, wrote of a philosopher king and philosophers ruling over the soldiers and farmers?
Contrary to popular belief, he did not invent Play-Dough
Who was the philosopher who focused on Realism and created a Lyceum, or school, that taught many different subjects and was the basis of medieval universities centuries later?
Plato's student. Raphael's painting is a imaginative re-creation of this School, with Renaissance greats' faces painted in as famous philosophers.
What happened to the messengers from King Darius of Persia, demanding that Athens and Sparta surrender?
They were thrown in a pit and a well.
They didn't go along with this idea.
This Olympic event commemorates the 26.2 miles that an ancient Athenian ran to announce that they were victorious over the Persians?
The Marathon.
The Greeks one only this event in the first modern-day Olympics.
When the Persians finally conquered the Athenians, who later conquered them all, originally from Macedonia?
Alexander the Great.
His father had him taught by Aristotle.
What do we call the years that Alexander the Great spread the greatness of Athenian ideas and Greek culture all the way to Egypt, Asia Minor, Persia and India?
The Hellenistic Age.
Don't forget the Greek alphabet spread far and wide, too. And maybe the stories of HELEN of TROY? ? ?
Name two groups who lived on the Appennine Peninsula (Italy) before the Roman Republic?
Latins and Etruscans.
What is a republic?
It is a representative democracy - people are selected as officials to represent them.
It means "Thing of the people"
What was the name of the lawmaking body of the Roman Republic?
The Senate.
Part of our bicameral (two house) government today.
What was the veto?
The right to halt or stop a law.
The tribunes could do this to protect the plebians' rights.
What was the name for the laws of Rome?
The Twelve (12) Tables (Tablets) of Law
These were on display in the forum (plaza or piazza) so all knew the rules and laws.
What Roman Rulers ended the Roman Republic and led to the Roman Empire?
Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus.
One crossed the Rubicon and came, saw and conquered. . .one opened the Roman Peace era.
From what ruler to what rule is the Pax Romana (Roman Peace)?
From Augustus to Marcus Aurelius.
After this period of prosperity and peace, the decline was slow but inevitable.
What did the ancient Romans borrow (cultural diffusion) from the ancient Greeks?
The gods and goddesses; the architecture; styles of art.
The Romans added their values of realism, pragmatism, duty, and honor to these.
What two Roman styles of architecture continued in the Islamic, Byzantine and even Medieval World?
The Arch and the Dome.
Think Volkswagen Bug ads.
What religion rose as the Roman empire fell?
Constantine finally tolerated this religion after years of other emperors persecuted these people.
What were some problems as Rome switched to Empire?
(1) increased use of slave labor made
Roman farmers unemployed
(2) Roman unemployed rioted in the
streets unless entertained by
bread and circuses
(3) Corruption, bribery in government/
loss of Roman patriotism and duty.
What empire preserved the legacy of Roman law and culture as well as served as a buffer zone until Western Europe recovered from the Dark Ages?
The Byzantine Empire
What Byzantine Emperor preserved Roman law in the Corpus Juris Civilis?
It's also called Justinian's Code.