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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
MAXILLARY ARTERY

ANTERIOR TYMPANIC ARTERY
3. Anterior tympanic artery: enters the petrotympanic fissure to supply the
tympanic cavity and tympanic membrane
MAXILLARY ARTERY

MIDDLE MENINGEAL ARTERY
4. Middle meningeal artery: ascends deep to the lateral pterygoid and
pierces the auriculotemporal nerve; enters the skull through foramen
spinosum and supplies the skull and cranial dura mater
MAXILLARY ARTERY

ACCESSORY MENINGEAL ARTERY
5. Accessory meningeal artery: ascends deep to the lateral pterygoid, an-
terior to the middle meningeal artery; traverses foramen ovale and sup-
plies the trigeminal ganglion and cranial dura mater
MAXILLARY ARTERY

INFERIOR ALVEOLAR ARTERY
6. Inferior alveolar artery: before entering the mandibular foramen with
the inferior alveolar nerve, it gives off the mylohyoid artery, which
courses with the nerve to the mylohyoid; after entering the mandibular
foramen, it traverses the mandibular canal, supplies the lower teeth and
gums, and gives off the mental artery, which exits the mental foramen
with the mental nerve
MAXILLARY ARTERY

MASSETERIC ARTERY
7. Masseteric artery: passes through the mandibular notch with the mas-
seteric nerve and supplies the masseter
MAXILLARY ARTERY

ANT/POS DEEP TEMPORAL ARTERIES
8. Anterior and posterior deep temporal arteries: ascend in the temporal
fossa with the anterior and posterior deep temporal nerves, respectively,
and supply the temporalis
MAXILLARY ARTERY

PTERYGOID ARTERIES
9. Pterygoid arteries: supply the medial and lateral pterygoids
MAXILLARY ARTERY

BUCCAL ARTERY
10. Buccal artery: courses anteriorly with the buccal nerve and supplies the
mucosa and skin of the cheek
MAXILLARY ARTERY

POSTERIOR SUPERIOR ALVEOLAR ARTERY
11. Posterior superior alveolar artery: arises as the maxillary artery enters
the pterygomaxillary fissure; its branches enter the alveolar foramina
with branches of the posterior superior alveolar nerve and supply the
upper molars and premolars
MAXILLARY ARTERY

INFRAORBITAL ARTERY
12. Infraorbital artery: enters the orbit through the inferior orbital fissure
and courses anteriorly within the infraorbital groove and infraorbital
canal with the infraorbital nerve; gives off anterior superior alveolar
arteries to the upper canine and incisors and then emerges through the
infraorbital foramen to supply the face
MAXILLARY ARTERY

DESCENDING PALATINE ARTERY (TERMINAL BRANCH)
13. Descending palatine artery (terminal branch): leaves the pterygopalatine
fossa and descends within the greater palatine canal; divides into the
greater and lesser palatine arteries, which emerge through the greater and lesser palatine foramina to supply the hard and soft palates, respec-
tively