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6 Cards in this Set

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Why did the U.S. get involved in overseas politics?
missionaries looking for converts; Darwinism convinces us that the earth belongs to the powerful (U.S.); to compete (survival of fittest) we must become an imperial power; book by Mahan _The Influence of Sea Power upon History_
Venezuelan crisis
gold discovered along disputed boundary between Venezuela and British Guiana, dispute starts; U.S. Pres. Cleveland invokes Monroe Doctrine; Brits scoff, but other wars loom for them; Brits back down
Hawai'i
U.S. establishes trading rights in Pearl Harbor; warns other nations to stay away from Hawai'i; moves to control it via tariffs; moves to annex it, but Cleveland nixed the plan; Hawai'ian natives opposed to annexation
Cuban Revolt
1895; against Spain; motivated by economics; U.S. sugar tariff of 1894 contributes to poverty; "insurrectos" destructive tactics; U.S. supports Cuba (for sentimental and investement reasons); "reconcentration camps": insurrectos imprisoned; horrors of repression fuels Pulitzer and Hearst's "yellow journalism"
war with Spain (over Cuba)
U.S. sent battleship Maine to Cuba in February 1898, it blew up in Havana harbor; U.S. declares war on Spain, April 11, 1898; Teller Amendment: when U.S. beats Spain, Cuba will be free; war starts May 1, 1898; Commodore George Dewey sent to attack Philippines, succeeds in August; war over quickly; Dewey became national hero; Spainish warships go to Cuba, quickly sunk; Teddy Roosevelt brings "Rough Riders" to Cuba, joined forces with Insurrectos--they won
Treaty with Cuba
Paris, August 12, 1898: U.S. gets former Spanish territories of Guam, Puerto Rico; Philippines dilemma: colonize them? free them? just go home?--U.S. takes over, plans to give independence later; debate: should we colonize without providing statehood? Anti-Imperialist League forms against McKinley's policies, against the Treaty; treaty approved by one vote: U.S. becomes an empire