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11 Cards in this Set

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adrenal glands
sit atop the kidneys; consists of an inner portion called adrenal medulla and an outer portion called adrenal cortex
epinephrine
adrenaline - bodily changes that occur when an individual reacts to an emergency situation
norepinephrine
noradrenaline - bodily changes that occur when an individual reacts to an emergency situation
mineralocorticoids
regulate salt and water balance
gluococorticoids
sugar; regulates carb., protein, and fat metabolism, leading to an increase in blood glucose level
cortisol
produced by the adrenal cortex; raises the blood glucose level
aldosterone
most important of the mineralocorticoids
renin
secreted by the kidney; when bloodpressure and blood sodium levels are low
atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH)
inhibits the secretion of aldosterone from the adrenal cortex
addison disease
adrenal cortex hormones are low due to hyposecretion
cushing syndrome
level of adrenal cortex hormones are high due to hypersecretion