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30 Cards in this Set

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King Caucus
~Ended in 1824, when the republican party decided that it was undemocratic; 4 candidates arose instead: Adams, Jackson, Clay, & Crawford.
Corrupt Bargain of 1824
~The bargain between Clay and Adams, where Clay threw his support to Adams, understanding that he would be made Sec. of state if Adams was elected. It was contested by the other candidates.
democratic political reforms of 1820s
~Land requirements for voting and running for office were eliminated, and people began voting for president, instead of just the state legislatures.
Martin Van Buren
~First a senator, and eventually President, he owed his success to his great organization, tactics, and his ability to use the new party system to his advantage.
age of the common man
~The Jacksonian era, where the issues of the every man were foremost, but neither women, freed slaves, nor Indians were allowed to vote.
President John Quincy Adams 1824-1828
~A cold and unpopular president, he lost much favor when he proposed that the government fund manufacturing, agriculture, arts, literature, and science; he did not run for re-election.
President Andrew Jackson 1828-1836
~Jackson was popular for his war efforts, and represented the new age of democracy, and the common man. He was excellent at reading the public mood, which led him to great success.
spoils system
~Defended by Jackson, it allowed government positions to go to political supporters, and was kept democratic through rotation.
Worcester v. Georgia 1832
~The suit of the Cherokees against the state of Georgia, on whether the state could remove them from their lands. Marshall ruled in favor of the Indians, but Jackson disregarded it, and allowed the Indians to be removed, some by force, mainly to OK.
Jackson’s Indian Removal policy
~Though he stated they could be removed only voluntarily, he allowed states to harass them and use force to remove them, and even brought in the US army to remove them.
Trail of Tears 1837
~When Indians were resistant to being relocated, the US army forced them westward at gun point; ¼ of them died on the way, due to exposure, exhaustion, and disease.
Cherokee assimilation/Five Civilized Nations
~Choctaws, Creeks, Cherokees, Chicksaws, and Seminoles had their land threatened by white settlers and that state gov; the Cherokee tried to assimilate; they shifted their agriculture, wrote a newspaper, sold surplus crop, and developed their own alphabet.
minstrel shows
~Shows acted by whites, dressed as blacks, they portrayed blacks as unhappy with freedom, and slaves as happy and content; showed the stereotypes that were deeply imbedded in American society.
Denmark Vesey conspiracy 1822
~Vesey, a black carpenter in SC, planned to take over the city along with his Lt.’s and raise the standard of black liberty, but at the last minute his plan was thwarted, leaving SC in fear of another such rebellion.
Tariff of Abominations 1828
~When the duty was again raised in SC, called the TOA, the state put out literature about nullification, though it was never put into action. It was actually authored by VP Calhoun.
John C. Calhoun’s theory of constitutional nullification 1828
~He argued that if a state did not agree with a federal law, they as part of the nation, had the right to nullify it and cede fro the union.
Webster-Hayne debate 1831
~Hayne argued for Calhoun’s theory, and Webster argued that fed. Gov did have sovereign power over the states, but they finally allowed the matter to go to judicial review.
Jackson’s Proclamation on Nullification 1832
~He proclaimed that no state had the right to cede from the union, under the contract of the constitution.
Force Bill 1832
~ To reinforce tariff laws, the bill reinforced the president’s command over the country’s armed forces.
Compromise of 1833
~ Between Jackson and Calhoun, the tariff rates were lowered, and SC did not nullify or cede.
The Monster Bank
~As the 2cd national bank was known after it had promised to promote industry and commerce, and then called in loans when the depression hit, the people began to see it as a monster.
Nicholas Biddle
~Biddle, President of the bank, tried to fix the credit system by checking the amount of bills in circulation against the gold/silver in reserve; his power to do this gave the fed. Bank great power over state banks, and helped to stabilize currency.
hard money vs. soft money
~workers feared being paid in depreciated currency (soft), and so wished to be paid in gold/silver (hard), to ensure that businessmen could not exploit them or manipulate their money.
King Andrew I*
~ The name given to Jackson by his political opponents, who feared his use of federal power.
Maysville Road veto 1830*
~ A grant to build a road in KY, entirely using fed $, was vetoed by Jackson as ha said a public works project only in one state was unconstitutional.
Species Circular 1836
~Jackson declared that the government would accept only specie for gov. land sales, to avoid being caught in the inflation that plagued the country.
Panic of 1837
~Two months into Van Buren’s term, the economy gave way as the world cotton market crashed, and the country suffered a severe depression, which did not lift until 1843. During the Panic, thousands f workers were unemployed, and the wage rate fell 20%.
Independent Treasury 1840
~Van Buren proposed a separate treasury for the gov, which could accept no currency, or issue loans of currency, it stored the gov.’s money safe, and stimulated the economy through the state banks.
President Martin Van Buren 1836-1840
~Van Buren had hopes of raising the country out the depression it suffered from, but first wished to secure the government’s money, to keep the federal government from also spiraling into debt.
Log cabin campaign of 1840
~Used to make Harrison a man of the people, his rallies always included hard cider and log cabins; it was the end of deferential politics, and the firm institution of egalitarian politics.