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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hydronephrosis:
most common complication of retroperitoneal fibrosis
Urachal cyst remnants:
most common cause of bladder adenocarcinoma
Malacoplakia:
Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. foamy macrophages filled w/ mineralized concietions
Squamous cell carcinoma of bladder:
S. hematobium infection
Hypospadias:
faulty closure of urethral folds
Epispadias:
defect genital tubercle
Risk factors invasive squamous cell carcinoma:
Bowen's disease, erythroplasia of Queyrat
Cryptorchid testis:
risk for seminoma of cryptorchid testis and normally descended testis
Epididymitis:
scrotal pain with radiation into spermatic card
Varicocele:
most often left-sided; spermatic vein empties into left renal vein
Torsion of testicle:
absent cremasteric reflex, testis high in inguinal canal
Hydrocele:
persistent tunica vaginalis
Testicular cancer:
unilateral, painless testicular mass
Testicular cancer markers:
AFP, hCG
Obstructive uropathy:
most common complication of BPH
Prostate cancer:
osteoblastic metastases; lumbar spine, pelvis