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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Matter that is evenly distibuated throughout a volume
Matter Which exibits definite physical and chemical prperties unique to itself and different from all other forms of matter and cannot be decomposed into simpler forms of matter.
The Transition of the surface molecules of a liquid into a gas, below boiling point
A particla that exists in the nucleus; protons and nuetrons
Atoms of the same element that contain different numbers of nuetrons and therefore differ in atomic mass as well.
Artificial Transmutation
The bombardment of relatively stable nucleus with the end result of causing the nucleus to break into simpler fragments.
The atom beneath the valance electrons, including the elctrons in the lower energy levels and the nucleus
An atoms attraction to electrons in a chemical bond.
Diatomic Molecule
A nonmetal atom that forms one or more nonpolar covalant bonds with another atom of the same element to form a molecule consisting of the two atoms when there is no other element to bond with, Elements that so this are Br, I, N, Cl, H, O, F.
A particle made of nonmetla stoms covalently bonded together to form a distinct and discrete particle.
Hydrogen Bond
The strong attractive force between polar molecules where one molecule contains H and the other molecule contains N, O or F. The H of one molecule attracts stongley to the N, O or F of the other molecule
Molecular Formula
The Actual number of nonmetal atoms in a molecule, a whole number multiple of the empirical formula.
Double Replacement
A solution reaction in which the positive ion of one compound combines with the negative ion of the other compound to form a precipitate, and the other ions remain dissolved in solution
The maximum quantity of solute that can be dissolved in a given quantity of solvent at a given temperature to make a saturated solution.
Arrhenius Acid
An electrolyte that ionizes in aqueus solution to yield H+ as the only positive ion in a solution
Voltaic Cell
An electrochemical cell that produces electric current as a result of a spontaneus redox reaction, used to make batteries
The symbol and charge of an element or ion in a redox reaction
A molecular form of an element
Saturated Hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon with all single carbon-carbon bonds.
Moleculeswith the same molecular formula, but with different structural formula.