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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dry grassland in eurasia
steppe
Mongol life
raised horses & sheep
nomadic
warriors
yurts
mongol tents
yurts
Temujin
unifies mongol clans
legend was born w/ blood in fist
no mercy
Genghis Khan
wanted to conquer china - campeign of terror
good military leader & administrator
mongol military organization
groups of 10,000
brigades of 1,000
companies or 100
platoons of 10
Mongol horsemanship
3 - could ride for days
shoot backwards
stirrup
120 miles/day
Mongol horsemanship
3 - could ride for days
shoot backwards
stirrup
120 miles/day
mongol armor
leather, silk underwear - strong, warm - pull arror out
mongol strategy
retreat and attack
"dummy" warriors to make army seem bigger
spies
cruelty & terror
Khanates
Khanate of the Great Khan - mongolia & China
Khanate of Changtai - C Asia
Ilkhanate - persia
Khanate of the Golden Horde - Russia
mongols did to conquered
wiped out pop.
destroyed irrigation
religios tolerence
adopted cultures - split empire
Timur Lenk
Timerlane
mongol
spread Islam
captial samarkand
defeated ottomans @ Ankara
died
empire declined & conquered by turks
mongols did to conquered
wiped out pop.
destroyed irrigation
religios tolerence
adopted cultures - split empire
Kubai khan
great khan
grandson of genghis
capital - Daida
Sung china
Yuan Dynasty
Marco Polo
beutful summer palace - Shangdu
Yuan China
Kublai Khan
united
foreign trade
mongols live appart
foreigners more trustworthy than chinese
Pax Mongolica
post roads
invaded Japn 2x (lost)
end of Yuan China
Kublai Khnan died
weak successor
rebellions
Ming Dynasty
Yan Jian
united china
capital - Chang An
title of emperor Wen
Sui dynasty
repaired great wall
Grand Canal
forced labor - unpop
member of court strangled him
peasant uprising
Grand Canal
Yang Jian
linked Huang He & Yangtze
linked food w/ cities
forced labor
Li Yuan
after Sui dyansy - peasant uprising
rebelious lord (Li Yuan)proclaimed self emperor
Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
expanded borders
taizong
civil service
opened schools
roads & canals - travel & trade better
silk roads
land reform
Tang peasants benifited
land reform
lower taxes
new types of rice & better methods -> more food -> pop. growth
Silk road
culural diffusion
religion luxery goods
Taizong
son of Li Yuan
miitary genius shrewd administrator
centralized gov.
expanded borders
civil cervice exams
gov. positions
comfucian principals
any male could take
meritocracy
system where people chosed for talents not conections
meritocracy
empress Wu Jhao
power behind throne
only women in chian to rule in own right
controled korea
not supported by aristocracy
husband - Gaozong
Chang An
tang capital
largest city in world
wide, tree-shaded avenues
2 market squares
acrobats, jugglers, dancer performed in streets
polo
Tang Poets
Du Fu - harships of war, condemned court life
Li Bo - Daoism - harmony w/ nature, pleasure of life
end of Tang dynasty
lost territory to arab invadors
gov. corruption & taxes
rebels burned capital & killed emperor
end of tang dynasty
lost territory to arab invadors
gov. corruption & taxes
rebels burned capital & killed emperor
Song dynasty & mongols
tribute to mongols for peace
failed
attacked north
fled to S
new capital Hang Zhou