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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Every piece of knowledge is...
Social and constructive
Where did theatre begin?
-Storytelling in Athens, Greece
-493 BC- 300 BC
-Why? to Entertain
Which religion are stories steeped in?
Pagan
What were the main crops at Festival?
Grapes, corn, olives
What do 2 people create?
Dialogue; potential conflicts and relationships
Why were Greek Theatres successful and how many people did they hold?
They were acoustically perfect because of shape. They held 20-30 thousand.
Parados
Entryways for actors on sides
Kothornoi
High platform shoes that each of the 12/13 reps of the districts wore.
What was the purpose of the Chorus?
They commented on the play. Before plays, they read out debts of the citizens of the time and created gossip
What is the essence of all drama?
Conflict
Introduction of the first actor/second actor?
-500 BC
-Thespis
-Stepped out from chorus and acted as individual

-Second actor= 471 BC
Huborus
Ego in Greek
Kerkides
Seating on ground floor for wealthy. Used to intimidate actors.
Tragos
Goat skins given to winning playwright. Determined by the audience.
Aristotle
-Wanted to know why he liked what he liked
-Poetics- 335 BC - collection of his writings
-Wrote "The Essential Elements of Drama" now known as "The Neo Aristotilian Elements of Drama"
-Motivated by the need to systemize plays
Elements of Neo Aristotilian drama?
Character
Plot-exposition,climax,denouncement
Action
Diction
Spectacle
Music
Earliest extent comedy?
The Grouch by Menander
312 BC
What does Psychology say about humor?
Humor is discovery in fear, relaxation in stress

Laughter is humorous physical counterpoint
When did humor enter Festival of Dionysus?
487 BC
Three types of comedy are:
Incongruity
Dersion
Automatism
Incongruity- two things don't go together

Dersion- "my life is worse than yours"

Automatism- What we expect
Structure of Greek comedy
Prologue- sets up what will happen

Parabisis- unpacking of the main conflict through language

Komos- happy idea
Commedia dell Arte
-Italy
-1500s
-classic themes relating to working class people
-traveling to appeal to the masses
Lazzi
Pieces of comedy in 5-10 minutes for working class people. It is built around stock characters.
Il Capitan
-big brawny man with little common sense
-braggert
-always after Isabella
Il dottore
-Isabella's father acting as her "pimp"
-Speaks nonsense, but it sounds smart
-He protects Isabella
Isabella
-Young, Beautiful, blonde, dumb
-Dependent on others
Scapino
-Clever and smart
-Sets up drama for others and manipulates them
Harlequino
-Classic joker
-Comedic foil
5 Elements of Ancient Greek Plays
Prologue- start of scene

Parados- Brackground info for play

Episodes-actors step out from skene and build scenes

Stasimon- contains songs/dances by chorus as it comments on plays

Exodos- summation by chorus on theme/wisdom of play
Ode
Used as a transition between scenes in Greek tragedy
Chalmys
Connects mask, robe, and collar together onto body
Genre of Farce
-Comedy
-France in 1600s
-Moliere
-High physical comedy with wit
-Sexual overtones
-Includes puns (play on words)
-Comedy revoles around a central secret
-Reveal of the secret is the climax
Double entndres
two meanings...associated with Farce
Theatron
Seating Area
Catharsis
Two fold feeling of fear/pity
Parados
Entryways for actors
Skene
Building behind orchestra with dressing rooms and storage
Dionysus
Greek god of wine, fertility, and celebration
Periaktoi
Large facits that suggest a scene change
Orchestra
Circlular playing area; "dancing place"
Agon
a debate
Komos
Happy idea
Aeschylus
-"Father of Tragedy"
-most theatrical
-fought in battles of Marathon and Sakamis
Sophocles
-Well respected in Athens
-Known for complex characterization, effective lyrics and dialogue
-Wrote on fate
Euripides
-Most often produced of the Greek playwrights
-Not afraid to speak his mind
-Took on gov't and society
Stichomythia
-Chorus debating one on top of the other in a scripted manner
-"Rose language"
Dithyramb
Anytime chorus sings to Greek god Dionysus
Thespis
1st known actor to show individualism
Three Unities
rigid form of writing a play
Theatre of Dionysus
Largest of the Greek Theatres
Aristotelian Scholasticism
Synthesis of Aristotle's philosophy with doctrines of the RCC
Old Comedy
Written before the end of the Peloponnesian War

people could write about anything

famous for caricatures of Greek leaders/attacks on society
-Aristophanes
New Comedy
safe themes/ mundane subject matter
Hellenistic period
between Alexander's death and roman conquest of Greece
Sanskrit theatre
oldest form of theatre in India

combined supernatural with believable

always happy endings
Peking opera
synthesis of music, dance, acting

china
Noh
new form of theatre in japan

"talent"
Pageant Wagons
Horse drawn method of staging
Kabuki
version of Noh for the masses
Onnagata
men who played female roles
Perspective painting
Converging lines and a vanishing point for depth
Declamatory acting
Actors deliver lines to the audience in rehetorical manner
Autos Sacramentales
Religious dramas preformed in Spain
Corrales
Crude platform stages
Orchestra pit
10 foot deep hole right in front of stage

covered by thrusts
Proscenium stage
shown by invisable forth wall
Flats
covered in canvas and painted to suggest scenes
skrim
white or offwhite pantyhose type material that when backlighted, makes a shadow
Black flies
give depth perception to the stage
fly space
top of theatre. used to change scenery fast
cat walk
used to control lights in fly space area
green room
place for actors to hang out before going onstage; holding place

called green room because when the Queen attended played, emerald drapes would hang, and when she left, drapes would be put in special holding room til next time
loggia
old lobby or social place; place to eat and drink

outer clothes are kept in the lobby