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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, 1787
The convention held in Philadelphia that drafted our basic government document, the Constitution.
CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY
A government where powers are exercised due to free and frequent elections and whose leaders are limited in their powers.
REPUBLIC
A form of democracy where elected officials govern as agents of the people.
SEPARATION OF POWERS
Deliberate division of governmental powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to check arbitrary rule.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The first constitution of the newly independent American states, drafted in 1776, ratified in 1781, and replaced by the present Constitution in 1789.
SHAYS’ REBELLION
- The rural rebellion of 1786 1787 in western Massachusetts, protesting mortgage foreclosures, that engendered conservative support for a stronger national government.
VIRGINIA PLAN
A proposal in the Constitutional Convention that provided for a strong legislature with representation in each house determined by population, thus favoring the large states.
BICAMERALISM
A two house form of legislature
NEW JERSEY PLAN
A proposal in the Constitutional Convention that provided for a single house legislature with equal representation, thus favoring the small states.
CONNECTICUT COMPROMISE
A blending of the New Jersey and Virginia Plans that gave equality of representation in one house, representation based on population in the other.
THREE FIFTHS COMPROMISE
An agreement in the Constitutional Convention that counted slaves as three fifths of a person for both representation and taxation purposes.
FEDERALIST
Originally, a supporter of the new Constitution; later, a political party that favored strong central government
ANTIFEDERALIST
Opponents of constitutional ratification and a strong central government.
DEMOCRACY
Government by the people, either directly or indirectly, with free and frequent elections.
DIRECT DEMOCRACY
Government where citizens meet to discuss and pass laws and select rulers.
INDIVIDUALISM
In a political sense, the belief that the welfare of the citizen is more important than that of the state.
IDEOLOGY
Basic beliefs about power, government, and political practices.
MAJORITY RULE
A basic democratic rule, usually referring to “more than half.” 50%+1
PLURALISM
Refers to a candidate or party winning the greatest number of votes.
STATISM
A political theory that holds that the welfare of the nation has topmost priority, transcending the welfare of any or all individual citizens