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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Phase contrast microscopy
amplifies light, living cells
Confocal microscopy
Single plane of cell
SEM
highest resolution, one slice
Theory
general principles drawn from any body of facts
Key Biology concepts
Unity and diversity among species

use and obtain energy

grow and reproduce(DNA)
Cell
Basic living unit
Acidic Amino Acids
Aspartate

Glutamate
Basic Amino Acids
Lysine

Arginine

Histidine
Insulin
Dimeric
Domain
tertiary structure
Flow of energy
Matter flows in cycles, where energy flows in one direction
G
spontaneosly
Stroma
Medium of chloroplast

Starch is stored
Converts glycogen phosphorelase to inactive form
Phosphorylase phosphotase
Bioenergetics
applied thermodynamic

flow of energy in a living system
Smooth ER
responsible for fat synthesis
Vacoule
transport and stores water
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Mitochondria
Nonatal adrenoleukodystrophy
Peroxisome
Zellweger's syndrome
Peroxisome
I-Cell disease
Lysosome
Rubisco
most abundunt enzyme on earth
Phosphate of ATP
charge repulsion
NAD+
is a coenzyme
Gross:net ATP for glycolysis
4:2
Malate
NOT a product of fermentation
Requirements for gluconeogenesis
Needs 4 ATP, 2 GTP, and 2 NADH
Regulation of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis
Allosteric and Hormonal
Standard conditions
temp

pressure

concentration
Porphyrin
ring of chlorophyll
Plastocyanin
Transfers e- from PSII to PSI
Association
Serine into peroxisome

Glycolate into peroxisome

Glycine in mitochondria
Biological setting
Electron and H transfer may occur together
Glycolysis
Has 10 steps with ten enzymes

Happens in cytoplasm with gross NADH of 2

It is oxidation of glucose
Cori cycle
lactate formation
Macromolecules
Storage

Informational

Structural
Stepwise formation of macromolecules
Formed from stepwise monomers

Condensation or dehydration

Activated monomers

Carrier molecules

ATP
Amino Acid
Has:

Carboxyl group

Amino group

R group
Peptide bond
between C of N-terminus and N or C-terminus
ribonuclease
monomeric
Multimeric proteins
hemoglobin alpha and beta
Glycogen is always branched
Starch is both branched and straight
Amylose is unbranched glucose
Amylopectin is branched glucose
Classes of lipids
Fatty acids

Triacylglycerols

Phospholipids

Glycolipids

Steriods

Terpenes