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49 Cards in this Set

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The objectives of first aid are to
save life, prevent further injury, and limit infection.
In administering first aid, you have three primary
tasks:
1. Maintain breathing
2. Stop bleeding/maintain circulation
3. Prevent or treat for shock
Keep the victim what, until you have found out what kind of injury has occurred and how serious it is?
lying down; head level with the body
Vomiting or bleeding about the mouth and semiconsciousness: If the victim is in danger of
sucking in blood, vomited matter, or water, place the victim?
on his or her side or back with
the head turned to one side and lower than the
feet.
If the victim has a chest
injury or breathing difficulties?
place the victim in a sitting or semisitting position.
If the victim is in shock, place the victim?
on his or her back with the head slightly lower than the feet.
To perform mouth-to-mouth ventilation, take the
following steps:
1. Clear the victim’s mouth of obstructions (false
teeth and foreign matter).
2. Place the heel of one hand on the victim’s forehead, and use the other hand placed under the chin to tilt back the head to open the airway.
3. Using the thumb and index finger, pinch the nostrils shut.
4. Take a deep breath, cover the victim’s mouth with your own, and blow.
5. Then remove your mouth from the victim to allow him or her to exhale.
ventilations per minute? or
one breath every?
12 to 15
5 seconds
artificial ventilation air enters the stomach instead of the lungs.
gastric distention
To be effective, CPR must be started within how many minutes of the onset of cardiac arrest?
4
Before beginning CPR, you should
1. Try to arouse the victim
2. Lie the unconscious victim on his/her back.
3. Kneel at the shoulders and establish an open airway
4. Check for breathing by looking, listening, and
feeling.
a. Look to see if the chest is rising and falling.
b. Listen for air coming from the mouth.
c. Check close to the victim’s mouth and feel
for air coming out.
locating the sternum by
drawing an imaginary line from
one nipple to the other to identify the proper area of the sternum
Administer how many compressions per minute
60 to 80
compression-ventilation rate of?
15 to 2 for four complete cycles
When you use the one-rescuer technique of CPR, what is the ratio of compressions to ventilations?
15 compressions to 2 ventilations.
When you use the two-rescuer technique of CPR,
the ratio of compressions to ventilations is ?
5 compressions to 1 ventilation
The symptoms of airway blockage are?
a. Inability of the victim to speak
b. Exaggerated breathing efforts
c. Skin turning blue
large vessels that carry blood
away from the heart
Arteries—
large vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Veins—
a connecting network of
smaller vessels between the arteries and the
veins
Capillaries—
A loss of what of blood is usually enough to cause shock.
2 pints
Blood carried by—
Capillaries is
brick red
Blood carried by—
Veins is
dark red
Blood carried by—
Arteries is
bright red
The only way to stop serious bleeding is the
application of direct pressure
When a constricting band or a battle dressing has been applied, only who should
release/remove it.
medical personnel
Shock is a condition
where the blood circulation is seriously disturbed.
The symptoms of shock in a person are—
a. Weak and rapid pulse
b. Shallow, rapid, and irregular breathing
c. Lower temperature—the arms, face, and legs feel cold to the touch
d. Sweating
e. Pale skin color; however, in some cases, it
may be bluish or reddish
f. Dilated (enlarged) pupils
g. Thirst and an feeling of weakness,
faintness, or dizziness
If you suspect that a person is in shock, you should
keep the person lying flat on his/her back with the feet slightly elevated (raised) so
that the position encourages the blood to flow back to the brain
In the Navy, the most frequent suicide victim is?
an enlisted male between 17 and 24 years old and in paygrades E-1 through E-6
The 4 most common causes of suicide are—
a. Breakup of a close relationship
b. Death of a loved one
c. Loss of social or financial status
d. Effects of drugs and/or alcohol
Some actions you can take if you believe someone is suicidal are—
a. Take all threats seriously
b. Confront the problem
c. Answer cries for help
d. Let the person know you care
e. Listen
f. Get professional help
g. Don’t leave the person alone
Mildest burn. Slight
redness, tenderness, and increased temperature of the burned area.
First-degree burn
More serious than first-degree burn. Inner skin may be damaged, blistering, severe pain, some dehydration, and possible shock.
Second-degree burn
Most serious burn.
Skin is destroyed and possibly tissue and
muscle beneath it. Skin may be charred or white and lifeless (from scalds). Some form
of shock will result
Third-degree burn
By immersing the burned area in coldwater or by applying cold compresses, you
minimize pain and reduce the burning effect in deeper layers of the skin
If a burn covers more than 20% of a victim’s
body?
you should apply sterile, dry bandages
When treating burns you should NEVER apply?
petrolatum gauze, break blisters or apply
butter, lard, or Vaseline™.
The three most important signs of heatstroke
are—
a. Dry, hot skin
b. Constricted pupils
c. Very high body temperature (usually above
105ºF)
The three most important signs of heat exhaustion are—
a. Moist, clammy skin
b. Dilated pupils
c. Normal or subnormal temperature
The aim of first-aid treatment for heatstroke or
heat exhaustion is to?
reduce body temperature.
The symptoms of a fractured leg or arm include—
a. Pain and tenderness
b. Discoloration of the skin
c. Creaking or cracking
d. Inability to use the part
e. Motion at points other than joints
f. Swelling
g. Deformity
You should nevermove a person who might have
a fractured spine or neck because moving that
person ?
might cause permanent paralysis
One of the easiest ways to carry an unconscious
person is to use the?
fireman’s lift/carry
You should carry a stretcher with the victim’s
feet first so the rear stretcher bearer can see
the victim for signs of breathing difficulty
To transport an injured person from engine-room
spaces, a?
Neil Robertson stretcher is usually used.
The two most common sexually transmitted diseases are—
a. Syphilis
b. Gonorrhea
A painless sore, called a chancre, is the first sign of
syphilis. The sore usually appears on or around the sex
organs about
9 to 90 days
The signs of gonorrhea in males usually appear after sexual contact with an infected partner.
3 to 5 days