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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Violence
the use of phsyical force to cause pain, injury or death to another or damage to property
sociology
the academic and scholarly discipline that engages in the systematic study of human socieaty and social interactions
society
a large number of individuals who share the same geographical territory and are subject to the same political autority and cominant cultural expectations
culture
the knowledge, language, calues, customs and material objects that are passed from person to person and from on gnereation to the next in a human group or society
social problem
a social condition or a pattern of behavior that harms some individuals or all people in a society and that a sufficient number of people believe warrants public concern and collective action to bring about change
sociological imagination
the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society
microlevel analysis
focuses on small group realtions and social interaction among people
macrolevel analysis
focuses on social processes occuring at the societal level
subjective awareness
a feeling of uneasieness or skepticism about something
functionalist persective
society is a stable, orderly system composed of a number of interrelated parts, each of which performs a function that contributes to the overall stability of the society
Manifest functions
are intended and recognized consequences of an activity or social process
latent functions
are the unintended consequences of an activity or social process that are hidden and remain unacknowledged by participants
subculture of violence hypothesis
states that violence is part of the normative expectations governing everyday behavior among young males in the lower classes
lifestyle routine approach
says that peoples everyday actions and needs for food, shelter, companionship, etc. are key to understanding violent personal crimes
conflict perspective
based on the assumption that groups in society are engaged in a continuous power struggle for control of scarce resources
symbolic interactionist perspective
views society as the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups
self-fulfilling prophecy
the process by which an unsubstantiated belief or prediction results in behavior that makes the original false conception become true
social stratification
the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups on the basis of their control over basic resources
human capital
things that someone brings to the workplace to offer such as education, skill, job training, or experience