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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 of the most common types of headaches are?
migraine and cluster headaches
an episodic familial disorder manifested by unilateral, frontotemporal throbbing pain in the head, ofter worse behind one eye or ear.
the first well accepted theory about
the cause of headaches is?
vascular cause.blood vessels in the brain dilate causing vascular pulsating pain.
the pain and aura of migraines may be the result of ?
neuronal hyperxictability.
these headaches occur in a series lasting 4-8 weeks and are separated by months or years of remission
cluster headaches
the three catagories of migraines are?
migraines with aura, migraines without aura, complicated migraines.
the priority for interdisciplainary care of the client experienceing a migraine is?
pain management
some causes of headaches are?
aged cheese, caffeine, chocolate, nitrites, red wine, monosodium glutamate
lifestyle changes that may be necessary for headaches include?
regular mealtiems, sleep patterns, and exercise
at the beginning of a migraine attack a client may try doing this to prevent a migraine from coming on.
lying down and darkening the room. cover their eyes and allow to sleep undisturbed until awakening
herbs used for headaches are
bay, willow, ginger red pepper, lemon balm, feverfew
also referred to as histamine cephalalgia?
cluster headache
what is the average duration of a cluster headache
10-45 minutes
describe the pain of a cluster headache?
unilateral, aftern described as excruciating, boring and nonthrobbing, with intense pain felt around the eye
This headache is accompanied by same side tearing of the eye, runny nose or congestion
what is the cause of cluster headaches?
what are some interventions used by the client with a cluster headache
relaxation, meditation, acupuncture, or massage therapies
sit away from windows and where glasses, administer oxygen. are some pain relief methods for what?
cluster headache
chronic disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizure activity and may be inherited
abnormal sudden excessive discharge of electrical activity within the brain is?
the highest incidence of epilepsy is found in who?
older adults and children
this seizure is common in children,
consists of brief periods of loss of consciousness and blank staring as though the person is daydreaming
absence seizure
This seizure is characterized by a brief jerking or stiffening of the extremities, which may occure singly or in groups. lasts a few seconds
myoclonic seizure
also called focal seizures, begines in one cerebral hemisphere. occure mostly in adults and do not respond to medical treatment.
partial seizures
These seizures account for about half of all seizure activity
unclassified or idiopahtic
also knows as the drop attack, is a sudden loss of muscle tone, lasting second followed by postictal confusion. most cases these seizures cause the client to fall.
atonic seizures
this group of seizures may occur and involve both ceberal hemisphers.
generalized seizures
also called the grand mal seizure, lasts 2-5 minutes begines with tonic phase stiffening or rigidity of the muscles mostly in arms and legs
tonic-clonic seizures
should padded tongue blades be inserted in clients mouth
what should be done to a patient who has a tonic clonic (generlized) seizure.
turn to the side, removes any objects that might injure the client
what should as nurse do for a partial seizure.
observe, document, and time the seizure
seizure activity that lasts longer then 30 minutes or a series of seizures that occur in rapid succession
status epilepticus
some causes of status epilepticus include
withdrawal from anticonvulsant medication
acute alchol withdrawal
head trauma
cerebral edema
metabolic disturbances
if you suspect someone is convulsive status epileptcus what do you do
call dr immediately
A traditional surgical approach used to treat tonic-clonic or atonic seizures in clients who are not candidates for other surgical procedures is
What seasons are bacterial meningits most seen?
fall and winter
the most frequently involved organisms responsible for bacterial meningitis include:
strepococcus pneumonia
neisseria meningitides,
haemophilus influenzae
early signs of increased intracranial pressure include.
decreased loc
pupil changes
late signs of ICP
kecrease in loc
vital signs change
Increase in bp
dec in pulse
fever vomit posturing
what causes icp
bulk in blood, csf, or swelling of brain tissure or tumors