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83 Cards in this Set

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Towers are the most popular type of desktop system and there are three types:

1. Mini


2. Mid


3. Full

The front of the tower case is called the _.

bezel

Each tower type is designed for a certain _.

motherboard form factor

HTPC stands for _.

Home Theater Personal Computer

_ are where you insert hard drives and CD/DVD drives.

Drive bays

Most cases are made of _. Sometimes the bezel is _.

aluminum, steel, or both


plastic

Many cases come with a _ already installed.

power supply

PSU stands for _.

Power Supply Unit

The BIOS is located _.

on the motherboard

BIOS stands for _.

Basic Input Output System

The BIOS chip does these things:

1. It reads the CMOS settings


2. Performs the POST (Power On Self Test)


3. Checks for devices


4. Reads the master boot record on the hard drive so the operating system can load

_ and _ are the two main BIOS makers.

1. Phoenix Technologies


2. American Megatrends

All motherboards have (8):

1.BIOS Chip

2. Battery


3. Form Factor


4. Type of Processor They Support


5. Chipset


6. Type of Bus & Bus Speed


7. Expansion Slots


8. Memory Slots

The battery maintains the _ after the power is turned off.

1. Time

2. CMOS settings

The form factor refers to _.
a motherboard's dimensions and layout of its components.
Every motherboard supports either an _ or an _ processor (called the central processing unit or CPU). They are not interchangeable.

1. AMD


2. Intel

The chipset is either one chip or a pair of chips that _.
allows communication between the CPU and other components
If there are two chips in a chipset one is called the _ and the other _.

1. northbridge


2. southbridge

The northbridge connects directly to the processor through the front side bus and lets it talk to (3)_.
1. the memory

2.AGP


3.PCI Express controllers

AGP stands for:

Accelerated Graphics Port

The southbridge connects to the _ indirectly via the northbridge and controls slower devices such as the (6)_.

1. processor


2. hard drive


3. USB


4. audio


5. video


6. LAN


7. PCI

In electronics, you can think of a bus as an _.
electronic highway on which data travels

CPU stands for:

Central Processing Unit

Processors consist of two parts:

1. Arithmetic Unit


2. Control Unit

The Arithmetic Unit performs _, and the Control Unit _.

1. math and logical operations


2. decodes instructions

PGA stands for

Pin Grid Array

PGA is _.

A processor package that is usually square with pins underneath that fit into holes on the CPU's slot.

LGA stands for

Land Grid Array

LGA is _.

When the pins are located on the slots themselves

Socket Type: LGA 771 (Socket J)

Manufacturer: Intel (Xeon Server)

Socket Type: LGA 775 (Socket T)

Manufacturer: Intel

Socket Type: LGA 1156 (Socket H)

Manufacturer: Intel

Socket Type: LGA 1166 (Socket B)
Manufacturer: Intel
Socket Type:AM2

Manufacturer: AMD

Socket Type:AM2+
Manufacturer: AMD
Socket Type: AM3
Manufacturer: AMD
AM2+ and AM3 mainly differ in terms of the _ each supports. AM2+ supports _ while AM3 supports _.

1. memory


2. DDR2


3. DDR2 and DDR3

Each processor is specific to a _.

motherboard

AM3 is an example of a _.

AMD processor

LGA 775 (Socket T) is an example of a _.

Intel processor

Speed is measured in _.
Gigahertz (GHz)
Because the CPU greatly determines the overall performance of a PC, the _ and _ are two of the main factors to look for when deciding to buy a computer.

1. type of processor


2. it's speed

How do you find the CPU speed for a given motherboard?

CPUs contain a multiplier that when multiplied by the bus speed, yields the appropriate CPU speed for a given motherboard. For example, if the speed of a motherboard is 800 MHz, and the CPU multiplier is 4, then the processor's speed is 800 x 4 = 3200 MHz or 3.2 GHz.
CPUs are either _ or _.
32-bit or 64-bit.

What does 32-bit or 64-bit mean?

How much data that can be processed in terms of bits.

A bit is _.

In computers data is composed of 1's and 0's (e.g. 01110010). A bit is either a 0 or a 1.

CPU cache is _.
Memory set aside for the most frequently used data
The types of CPU caches are:
Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 (commonly just called L1, L2, and L3).

An L1 cache (3):

1. Uses extremely fast and expensive SRAM (Static RAM)


2. Is the smallest in size


3. Is located on the processor

An L2 cache (1):

1. Is slightly larger than an L1 cache

An L3 cache:

1. Is the largest


2. Usually located outside of the CPU


3. Shared by alll the cores

Dual core and multicore are generic for _.
Any processor that literally contains two or more CPUs in one package.
AMD's Athlon x2, Turion x2, and Intel's Core 2 Duo and Core 2 Extreme are examples of _.

Dual core CPUs

AMD Phenom x3 and x4 and Intel's Core 2 Quad and the Core i7 are examples of _.

Multicore CPUs

RAM stands for:

Random Access Memory

RAM is temporary storage, meaning that _.
Once a computer is turned off, everything stored in it is lost

SDRAM stands for:

Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

DDR stands for:

Double Data Rate

_ are designed to match the number of pins on a stick of RAM.

Banks

CAS stands:

Column Address Strobe
CAS latency is _. The (smaller/larger) the CAS latency, the (slower/quicker) data is retrieved.

1. the time between when the processor asks for data and when that data is sent


2. smaller


3. quicker

SRAM stands for:

Static Random Access Memory

lash memory is non-volatile, meaning it doesn't require _ to retain its contents .

electricity

EEPROM stands for:
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
Every computer must have a HDD, or
hard disk drive (commonly called a hard drive)
Your operating system is stored on the _.

hard drive

_ is the maximum amount of data a drive or disk (for example, a DVD disk) can store.

Capacity

RPM stands for

Revolutions Per Minute

IDE stands for:

Integrated Drive Electronics. In EIDE, E is for Enhanced.
The IDE interface standard has been around for a very long time. The term interface in this sense means _.
how the drive connects to the motherboard

ATA stands for:

Advanced Technology Attachment

IDE, EIDE, and ATA connect to the motherboard _.

via a flat, 80-wire cable to an IDE connector. Two drives can be attached on one cable.
The speed of a hard drive is determined by _.
how fast the connector can send data
IDE drive connectors use a parallel bus, meaning _.
multiple bits are transmitted simultaneously
To distinguish between Serial ATA drives, IDE disks are also referred to as _.
PATA (P for parallel).
Today, _ disk drives are the current standard and use a serial interface to transfer data.
SATA
With PATA, data is _.

Sent and received on the same path.

With SATA, data is _.
Sent and received on two different paths.
SATA uses a _ cable for connecting to the motherboard.
7-wire
SCSI (Pronounced "scuzzy") stands for:
Small Computer Systems Interface

SSD stands for:

Solid State Drive

LAN stands for:

Local Area Network

USB stands for:

Universal Serial Bus