Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
animal-like protists
protozoans
short hair-like projections that produce movement
cilia
starshaped structure that fills w/ water and contracts to pumper water out
contractile vacuole
whip-like projections
flagella
false foot in phylum sacodina
pseudopod
any small photosynthetic organism found in great numbers near ocean's surface
-70% of oxygen
phytoplankton
large mass of cells
bloom
contains malaria-transmitted by mosquitoes
plasmodium
sleeping sickness transmitted by tsetse fly
trypanosomes
digest cellulose in termites
trichonympha
gathering of sense organs and nerve cells in head region
cephalization
large opening on sponge tip where water exits
osculum
form skeleton of sponge formed by amebocytes
spicules
sphere shaped collection of amebocytes surrounded bya tough layer of spiricles-survive n/e conditions
gemmules
stinging structure located on tentacles
nematocyst
sessile flower-like stage
polyp
mobile bell-like stage
medusa
contain both sex organs
hermaphroditic
calcium caronate or silica
amebocyte
List the 7 animal needs:
a. feeding
b. respiration
c.internal transport
d.excretion
e.response
f.movement
g.reproduction
List the life cycle of a fluke:
1. adult lives in host
2. eggs pass out in feces
3. egg hatches and enters snail and reproduces larva asexually
4. larvae leave snail and bore through skin or are ingested through water
5. grow to adults and start process over
phylum ciliophora
paramecium
phylum zoomastigma
flagellates,trypanosomes
phylum sporozoa
plasmodium
phylum sarcondina
ameba, foreninfers
phylum euglenophyta
euglena
phylum pyrrophyta
dinoflagellates
phylum chrysophyta
diatoms
phylum chlorophyta
spirogyra, oedogonium, volvox
phylum porifera
sponge
class hydrozoa
hydra, portugese man of war
class trematoda
flukes
class cesstoda
tapeworms
phylum nemotoda
hookworms, pinworms, trichinosis
List 3 helpful relationships of protists with nature:
food source for tiny multicellular organimsms
digest cellulose in termites
produce 70% of oxygen
thick protective covering of thier cells in the liver and lungs
tegument
knob shaped head that has hooks taht attach to host in intestinal wall
scolex
each section behind scolex with reproductive organs and egg gets fertilized
proglottid
List the lifecycle of a tapeworm:
1. proglottids produce fertilized eggs, mature sections break off and are passed through feces
2. food or water contaminated by eggs
3. Consumed by fish, cows, pigs, or other intermediate hosts
4. Larvae grow and burrow into muscle-tissue and form cyst
5. Human eats raw or poorly cooked meat, larvae become active, grow into adult, and cycle starts over