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31 Cards in this Set

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The science of naming, describing, and classifying organisms, 1.7 mil have been named and described
Taxonomy
Classification System
1)Kingdom
2)phylum
3)Class
4)order
5)family
6)Genus
7)species
thought of classification system
Carl Linneaus
what is the classification system based on
1)structural similarities
2)similarities in body proteins
3)sequence of bases in DNA
4)chromosome number
lack nuclear membran
prokaryotic
cell that contains a nucleas and organelles with membrane
eukaryotic
make own food-carry on photosynthesis
Autotropic
can't make own food-absorption, ingestion
heterotropic
2 word latin name for each species
Binomial Nomenclature
In most cases breeding can't occur outside a given species
Biological species concept
Homo Sapien
Human
Ursus Maritime
Polar Bear
prokaryotic, unicelled, absorption some photynthesis or chemosynthetic
monera
ex. bacteria and blue-green bacteria
Monera
Eukaryotic, uni or multicellular, nutrients by ingestion, absorption or photosynthesis
protista
ex. algae and slime molds
protista
Eukaryotic, food by absorption, production by spores, have cell walls
Fungi
ex. yeast, mold, rust, mushrooms
Fungi
Eukaryotic, Autotropic, photosynthesis, chlorophyll
Plantae
ex. mosses, fern, conifers
Plantae
eukaryotic, heterotropic and ingestion
Animal
ex. Insects and mammals
Animal
sponges
porifera
Ex. hydra, sea anemone, jelly fish
Cnidarian(Coelenterata)
flat worms Ex. Planerian, Flukes, Tapeworm
Platyhelminthes
Ruondworms, ex. pin worm
Nemotoda
soft bodied animals ex. clams squid
mollusca
segmented worms, earthworms, leach
annelida
paired jointed appendages, exoskeleton. Ex. Insects, arachnids
Arthropoda
spiny skinned ex. sea stars, sand dollars
Echinoderms
dorsal nerve chord Ex:mammals and birds
Chordata