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26 Cards in this Set

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No Written Records
Prehistory
how long ago was there evidence of people living
3,500,000
where was most evidence found from
AFrica
dig for artifacts
Archeologists
studied the ancient culture
Anthropologists
Use the carbon from peoples bones to tell how old they are...C14
Carbon Dating
3 1/2 millian years ago, first stage..known as southern apes, 1st to walk upright and used stone tools...found in Africa, herbavores
Australopithecines
1.5 mil. years ago, improved stone tools, found fire-ward off animals
homo erectus
neanderthal and us-150,000 years ago...3rd stage..
homo sapian
age of hunters and gatherers, men and women equals
paleolithic age
traved from place to place
nomads
ice man, found frozen in Alps in perfect condition
Otsi
Gree for "new stone"
Neolithic
Change from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture (8,000)BC...some believe the revolution was the single most important event in human history
Neolithic Revolution
planting crops and domesticating animals for food, clothing, and work. made it possible for people to give up nomatic life and settle into communities
Systematic Agriculture
people that specialized in making stuff
Artisans
First Civilization
Cata Huyuk
First Metal Made
Copper
second metal made...more durable
bronze
people's way of life...civilization is a complex one
culture
6 important characteristics of civilization
cities, government, religion, social structure, writing, and art
where did the first civiliaztions develop
River Valleys
the first governments were led by
monarchs
what explained nature and existence of things
religion
what wuz developed based on economic status
social structure
what was used to keep records and for creative expression
writing