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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The normal aorta ________ in diameter as it progresses inferiorly
The common hepatic artery branches from the _____
Celiac Axis
The normal aorta should not exceed this in diameter
3 cm
Arteriorgraphy is used to determine _______
Arterial Stenosis
The three branches of the celiac artery are:
Left gastric artery, splenic artery, common hepatic artery
The (2) structures that receive blood from the superior mesenteric artery
The aorta is considered the abdominal aorta after if passes through this:
The Diaphragm
The left and right renal arteries come off the aorta on either side immediately distal to the:
Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA)
The celiac artery comes off the aorta ________ to the superior mesenteric artery
The aorta bifurcates into the:
Common Iliac Arteries
The common hepatic artery branches into the:
Proper hepatic and gastroduodenal arteries
The proper hepatic artery branches into arteries that perfuse the:
Liver and gallbladder
How many walls does the aorta have?
How does the aorta appear sonographically?
Anechoic lumen w/ echogenic walls
What is US of the aorta primarily used to identify?
Aneuryms and stenosis
Three types of aneurysms that can affect the aorta
What do the hepatic veins do?
Intersegmental-they drain deoxygenated blood from the liver into the IVC
What is the main function of the aorta?
Supplies arterial blood to the digestive organs, kidneys, adrenals, gonads, pelvis, and lower limbs.
Where does the abdominal aorta enter?
The 12th thoracic vertebrae though the aortic hiatus
What is the function of the MAIN branches of the aorta?
Supply visceral organs and mesentery (CA, SMA, IMA, RA)
What are diaphrgamatic crura?
Linear muscular portions of the diaphragm.
Right is bigger
Hypoechoic, surrounded by echogenic tissue
What artery supplies the right side of the greater curvature of the stomach?
Gastroduodenal artery
Where do the splenic arteries supply blood to?
Pancreas, spleen, stomach, greater omentum
Which artery supplies the stomach and can only be seen for 1-2 cm?
Left Gastric Artery
Where does the SMA supply blood to?
small bowel, cecum, ascending colon, part of the transverse colon