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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which gland is located on either side of the trachea?
Thyroid gland
Which major secretion of the thyroid gland regulates the metabolic rate of the body?
A fibrous band that runs vertically along the center of the anterior abdominal wall and receives the attachments of the oblique and transverse abdominal muscles. Also called white line.
linea alba
Gland that lies directly over the upper part of the heart
Thymus gland
term: body cavity
term: internal organs
term: membranous tissue covering the abdominal cavity and viscera
4 Types of peritoneum:
Parietal peritoneum - covers the walls of the abdominal cavity

Visceral peritoneum - covers the internal organs

Mesenteries - thin membranes continuous between the parietal and viscera peritoneums. They attach the internal organs to the dorsal body wall.

Omentia - thin membranes extending from the visceral peritoneums and connect organ to organ
(4) Functions of the liver:
1) produce bile to help digest fat
2) store glycogen
3) change nitrogenous wastes into less harmful substances
4) change digested nutrients into various molecules needed by the body
What organ to we have that rats do not?
Name the four lobes of liver:
Median (cystic) - located atop the organ. There is a cleft in its central part

Left lateral lobe - large and partially covered by the stomach

right lateral lobe - paritially divided into an anterior and posterior lobule, is smaller than the left lateral lobe and is hidden from view by the median lobe.

Caudate lobe - is small, folds around the esophagus and stomach, and appears to be in two small sections seen most easliy when the liver is raised.
(3) Functions of the stomach:
1) food storage
2) physical breakdown of food
3) initial enzymatic digestion of protein
What controls the intake of fluids into the stomach from the esophagus?
cardiac sphincter - circular muscles that contract and guard the opening between the cavities
Function of the spleen:
associated with the circulatory system and functions in the formation, storage, and destruction of blood cells
Which gland secretes digestive enzymes in the intestinal tract and insulin in the bloodstreem?
Which valve controls flow from the small intestine to the colon?
ileocecal valve
Name the five sections of the colon:
Cecum, Ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, rectum (functions and descriptions located in lab manual page 509)
Which vessel transports blood to the kidney for filtering?
Renal artery
Identify the tube that conducts urine from the kidneys... and its path to its final destination in the toilet (hopefully).
The ureter conducts from the kidney to the urinary bladder.

The renal pelvis collects urine from the kidney, travels down the ureter into the urinary bladder, to the urethra which carries it to the urethral orifice where the urine is expelled.
What does the scrotal sac contain?
the major reproductive organs of the male: testes
What tube collects and stores maturing sperm cells produced within the testis?
The epididymis that lies on the surface of the testis in a coiled tube.
Describe the pathway of sperm starting in the testis
Testis, epididymis collects and stores, vas deferens conducts sperm from epididymis to urethra, which carries sperm through the penis and OUT! hooray for baby-making.
Which two glands secrete a lot of the material that makes up the seminal fluid (semen)?
Seminal vesicles and prostrate gland
Explain the difference between the uterus of a human and that of some other nonprimate mammals.
Nonprimate mammals have a duplex uterus to accommodate more than one offspring (litter). The simplex uterus that humans have only has a single, medial chamber for development of an embryo.
What are the tiny tubes between the ovaries and the uterine horns?
Oviducts - capture eggs produced by the ovaries and conduct the eggs to the uterine horns
The tricuspid is located on which side of the heart?
Which artery off of the abdominal aorta delivers blood toward the stomach, liver, spleen, and pancreas?
Celiac artery
Which artery off of the abdominal artery directly supplies the small intestine and intestinal mesenteries?
superior mesenteric artery
What pair of arteries lead toward the dorsal muscles of the back?
iliolumbar arteries
Celiac artery gives rise to which three vessels?
1) hepatic artery
2) gastric artery
3) splenic artery