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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
base of brain, controls heartbeat & breathing
base of brainstem, above medulla, coordinates movement
Reticular Formation
network of neurons inside the brainstem from spinal cord to thalamus, affects arousal, filters stimuli, relays info to other areas
(Damage here = coma)
top of the brainstem, sensory switchboard (x smell)between cerebellum, medulla & cortex
"little brain", rear of the brainstem, controls sensory input and output of voluntary movement, coordination & balance
(baseball movement)
Limbic System
doughnut shaped system between brain stem and cerebral hemispheres, controls emotions, memory & drive, is made up of the amygdala, hippocampus, & hypothalamus
"almond shape", controls change in emotion up or down, placid or agressive, processing of emotional memories
"sea horse", critical for memory (linked to ACh)controls memories linked to emotion & STM to LTM, next to the insula & the amygdala
"under" the thalamus(& over the pit. gland)controls hormones via the pituitary gland, ANS such as drink, food, temperature & linked to emotion & reward
Pituitary gland
part of the endocrine system, master control of hormones, yet controlled by the hypothalamus
Cingulate gyros
? located, involved w/attention
? located, rich in DA (dopamine), related to schizo. and the reward system
Cerebral cortex
intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres, it is the ultimate control & information processing center, 75+% are association areas
Motor cortex
at the back of the frontal lobe (precentral gyrus?), controls (output)voluntary movement, L side controls R movement & VV, more tissue for more important areas
Sensory cortex
just behind motor cortex & in front of parietal lobe (post central gyrus), recieves (input) of stimulus, R side rec. input for L side & VV, more tissue for more important areas