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195 Cards in this Set

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What does AER stand for?
Army Emergency Relief
What is Army Emergency Relief and its purpose?
It's a non-profit organization. Its purpose is solely to help Army personnel and their family members
How does AER help?
By providing emergency financial assistance to Army personnel, active duty and retired, and family members.
Who is eligible for AER?
Active Army and family members, National guard and Reserve on active duty in excess of 30 days and their family members, retirees, and spouses and orphans of eligible Army personnel who died while on active duty.
How do you get assistance if you feel you qualify?
You start with the unit PAC, from there to the Red Cross. If they cannot help you then they will refer you to AER.
What is considered a valid emergency?
Any situation that can be life-threatening or cause undue hardship, unforeseen expenses, lack of food stuffs, and financial disaster due to Army Finance Center mistakes.
What do you need to have with you when you go to AER?
Your last LES, spouse with ID card, and a referral slip from the Red Cross
How does AER provide relief?
Financial assistance is provided by AER either as a loan without interest, as a grant, or as a combination of both.
What type of assistance does AER provide?
Army personnel and their family members faced with a valid emergency, financial need involving basic essentials of everyday living, assistance to spouses and orphans of deceased Army personnel, education assistance to unmarried dependents, children who need assistance to pursue undergraduate studies.
How does the Red Cross help?
If a family member or relative dies or is terminally ill, and you are notified, you need to have someone notify the Red Cross so they can verify the emergency to your unit commander, so he/she can arrange emergency leave
In what year was the National Defense Service Medal established by Executive Order 10448?
What Army Regulation governs Military Awards?
AR 600-8-22
Who must award the Medal of Honor?
The President of the United States.
How many "V" devices denoting heroism (valor) can be worn on one ribbon?
Which of the two decorations is of the higher precedence, the Bronze Star or the Meritorious Service medal?
The Bronze Star Medal.
Training builds self-confidence, promotes teamwork, esprit de corps, and what else?
Increases professionalism in soldiers, leaders, and units.
. What are three of the nine principles of training?
1) Train as combined arms and services team.
2) Train as you fight.
3) Use appropriate doctrine.
4) Train to challenge.
5) Use performance-oriented training.
6) Train to sustain proficiency.
7) Train using multi-echelon techniques.
8) Train to maintain.
9) Make commanders the primary trainers.
What is Battle Focus?
A concept used to derive peacetime training requirements from wartime missions.
What does METL stand for?
Mission Essential Task List.
What does the key word "METT-T" stand for?
Mission, Enemy, Terrain, Troops, and Time.
Who reviews and refines the supporting soldiers’ tasks for each skill level in every MOS within the unit?
CSM and key NCOs
When do you use the two types of evaluations, formal and informal?
During the assessment of the unit.
Formal evaluations are normally scheduled on Long-Range and Short-Range calendars which include ARTEP evaluations. What are two others?
What does TVI stand for?
Technical Validation Inspection.
What does AAR stand for?
After Action Review.
After Action Review encourages soldiers to discover important lessons from what?
The training event
The After Action Review consists of four parts. What are two of them?
1) Review what was supposed to happen.
2) Established what happened.
3) Determine what was right and what was wrong with what happened.
4) Determine how the task should be done differently next time.
The After Action Review is often used as a leader development technique to develop leaders throughout the what?
The entire chain of command.
What does Appendix G cover in FM 25-101?
The After Action Review.
The commander's assessment of training proficiency on mission essential task list is rated as "T" (Trained) or what?
. "P" needs practice or "U" untrained
What should be addressed in a Leader's Book?
Administrative data, common tasks, skill qualification assessment, and specified collective tasks which support the unit METL.
In what format does the Leader's Book have to be in?
The information can be in any format the leader chooses.
Leaders can use this information in conjunction with DA Form 2166-7, Noncommissioned Officer Evaluation Report (NCOER) to provide specific bullet examples for what parts?
III, IV, and V
What does the key word MILES stand for?
Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
What is the most difficult task for an After Action Review leader to avoid?
Turning the discussion into a critique or lecture.
When using the Green-Amber-Red Time Management System, what does Green stand for?
Prime Time training
What does Amber stand for?
What does Red stand for?
What is the thought process of making operations safer without compromising the mission?
Risk Assessment
Training must be tough, realistic, and safe. Commanders must consider three important points as they integrate risk assessment into their training. What are two of the three?
1) Accept no unnecessary risk.
2) Make risk decisions at the proper level.
3) Accept risk if mission benefits outweigh the costs.
What are the Rests that are executed at a Halt?
Parade Rest, Rest, Stand at Ease, and At Ease.
What are the lengths of the following steps?
1) Forward- 30"
2) Backward- 15"
3) Double Time- 30"
4) Left or Right step- 15"
5) Half step- 15"
What command is given to revoke a preparatory command that was given?
As you were.
Name the two parts of a drill command.
Preparatory Command and Command of Execution.
When executed from Halt, all steps in marching begin with the left foot except one, what is that exception?
Right Step March.
What is meant by normal interval?
Lateral space between Soldiers measured right to left by the arm, holding his or her arm and hand shoulder high with the tips of the fingers touching the right shoulder of the person to their left.
On what foot do you give the command of Halt?
On either foot.
When doing Left Step, on what foot would you give the command Halt?
Right foot, when heels are together.
When doing Right Step, on what foot would you give the command Halt?
Left foot, when heels are together.
Which foot do you pivot on when doing Rear March?
Both feet.
What do you do when you meet an officer while on guard?
Come to the position of attention and Present Arms.
What is the cadence of Quick Time?
120 counts per minute.
What is the cadence of Double Time?
180 counts per minute.
What is the measurement of a step?
Approximately 30 inches, measured from heel to heel of a marching soldier.
When marching, what is the measure of the arm swing?
Approximately 9 inches forward and 6 inches to the rear of the seam of the trousers
While marching in place (Mark Time March), to resume marching with a 30 inch step, on which foot is the command Forward March given?
Either foot as it strikes the ground.
What are the proper methods for a squad leader to report his squad?
First squad all present, first squad- PVT Doe absent.
How do you align the squad at normal interval?
Give the command Dress Right-Dress, then Ready-Front.
What is the purpose of drill?
To develop team work and to move an element from one point to another in an orderly fashion.
What is a column formation?
A column formation is a formation in which the elements are one behind the other.
Is it correct to give the command Parade Rest from the position of At Ease?
No, Parade Rest is given only from the position of attention.
. What is the only command given from Inspection Arms?
Ready, Port-Arms
What is a drill command?
An oral order of a commander or leader.
What is a combined command?
In some commands, the preparatory command and the command of execution are combined (fall in, at ease, rest).
What are the five types of commands in drill?
Two part, combined, supplementing, directive, and mass.
What are the commands for rest movements while marching?
At ease-march, route step-march
What is inflection?
Rise and fall in pitch and the tone changes of the voice.
What action does each squad take (platoon of 4 squads/ranks) on the command of Open ranks-march?
1st rank takes two steps forward.
2nd rank takes one step forward.
3rd rank stands fast.
4th rank takes two 15 inch steps backward.
What are the two prescribed formations for a platoon?
Column and Line.
What action does each squad take (platoon of squads/ranks) on the command Close ranks-march?
1st rank takes four 15 inch steps backward. 2nd rank takes two 15 inch steps backward.
3rd rank stands fast.
4th rank takes one step forward.
What is the basic unit for inspection?
A company.
how many personnel normally comprise a funeral detail for deceased Army personnel?
Fifteen: an NCOIC, 6 pallbearers, firing squad of 7, and bugler.
When pallbearers carry the casket, how must it be moved at all times?
Feet first.
During a military ceremony does the organizational color salute (dip)?
Yes, each time the units are commanded to present arms; while the National Anthem, To the Colors, Reveille, or Taps are being played; when marching, the organizational color salutes when six steps from the person entitled to the salute; returning to the carry position when six steps beyond the person; during the inspection the organizational color salutes as the inspecting party passes.
Describe the position of attention.
To assume this position, bring your heels together smartly so that the heels are on the same line with the toes pointing out equally, forming an angle of 45 degrees. Keep your legs straight without locking your knees. Hold your body erect with your hips level, chest lifted and arched, and your shoulders square. Let your arms hang straight without stiffness, along your sides with the backs of the hands outward; curl your fingers so that the tips of the thumbs are along side and touching the first joint of your forefingers. Keep your thumbs straight and along the seams of your trousers with all finger tips touching the trouser legs. Keep your head erect and hold it squarely to the front with your chin drawn in so that the axis of your head and neck is vertical. Look straight to the front. Remain silent except when replying to a question or when directed otherwise.
Describe the position of Stand At- Ease
On the command of execution, Ease- execute Parade Rest but direct your head and eyes toward the commander or speaker
The opening line of the NCO Creed, "No one is more professional than I" is more than a collection of words, it is a promise and a pledge. It is a promise you make to whom?
Yourself and to the people of the United States of America
Loyalty to the Army requires your support of the military and who?
The civilian chain of command
Your loyalty to the nation means not only your support and defense of the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic, but also what?
Your readiness and willingness to fight for the American ideals of freedom and justice.
If the NCO is the "backbone" of the Army, then the professional Army ethic is the what of the NCO corps?
What are the two basic responsibilities of the NCO?
Accomplishment of the mission and the welfare of soldiers
The three pillars of leader development are what?
Institutional training, operational assignments, and self-development
Define duty
Something a soldier must do or has an obligation to do because of the position he holds
Define responsibility
Responsibility is being accountable for what you do
You have a variety of responsibilities and the most important are what?
Training and leading your soldiers
Who will establish the unit's policies and standards to help you carry out your responsibilities?
Your commander.
What are the two types of authority
Command authority and general military authority
Define command authority.
Command authority is the authority given a soldier because of the position he or she holds. It applies only with the soldiers and facilities in your own unit.
Where does general military authority originate from?
Oaths of office, law, rank structure, traditions, and regulations
Is it your duty to exercise your authority?
What are five of the fourteen attitudes common to all effective NCO leaders?
Enforce standards, set the example, accomplish the mission, take care of the soldiers, be dedicated and selfless, accept responsibilities for yourself and subordinates, obey lawful orders, be honest and courageous, maintain physical and mental toughness, show competence and self-confidence, act fairly and equitably with subordinates, be loyal to the nation and constitution, be loyal to superiors and subordinates, show initiative and self-motivation.
Explain the function of the NCO Support Channel.
It supports the Chain of Command through an advisory role and by ensuring orders are carried out.
Who is the head of the NCO Support Channel in the Battalion?
The battalion CSM.
Officers create conditions and make the time and other resources available so that the NCO can do what?
Get the job done
Define first aid
Emergency care given to a wounded, sick, or injured soldier before medical treatment can be administered by trained medical personnel.
Name the four life-saving measures
Open the airway, restore breathing and heartbeat, control bleeding, and treat for shock
What is a fracture?
A broken bone.
What are two types of fractures?
Compound or open fracture (bone protrudes through skin), Simple or closed fracture
What are the five signs of a fracture?
1) Bone protruding through the skin.
2) Unnatural position.
3) Tenderness or pain when slight pressure is applied.
4) Swelling of the injured area.
5) Discoloration of the skin at the injury.
What items can be used as a splint?
Boards, rifles, tree limbs, or anything flat
What are the three types of bleeding?
Arterial, venous, and capillary
Name the four methods of stopping the bleeding
Digital pressure, elevation, pressure dressing, and tourniquet (last resort).
How is arterial blood recognized?
Bright red spurting blood.
You are providing first aid to a soldier with a severe eye injury. Which eye should you bandage?
. Both eyes
How is a sucking chest wound bandaged?
Create a seal using the plastic wrapper of the first aid packet and tie the first aid dressing over it. Continue to observe the casualty for signs of distress.
How should you position a casualty with a sucking chest wound?
Either sitting or on his injured side
What two things should you not do when treating a casualty with an abdominal injury?
Try to push protruding organs into the wound; tying the dressing on too tight as it could cause further injury.
Should a casualty with a sucking chest wound be allowed to eat or drink anything?
How should a casualty with a spinal injury be transported?
On a long spine board, maintaining spinal alignment
When should a patient not be placed in the shock position?
When he has a head injury
Name the three types of heat injury
. Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke.
What first aid measure should be taken when a person suffers from heat stroke?
. Immerse the soldier in the coldest water available. If a water bath is not possible, pour water over the soldier while fanning continuously. Give the soldier cold salt water drinks (2-3 canteens in a 12 hour period).
What is the best way to clear the airway?
The jaw-thrust method.
What is the best way to give artificial respiration?
Mouth to mouth respiration
What kind of artificial respiration is used in contaminated areas?
Mask to mouth, back pressure arm lift
. If you are alone and administering CPR, what is the ratio of compressions to?
15 to 2.
. When do you stop administering CPR?
When the casualty regains consciousness, you are relieved by competent medical personnel, or are too fatigued to continue.
Name the symptoms of nerve agent poisoning.
1) Unexplained runny nose.
2) Difficulty in breathing.
3) Possible pinpointed pupils.
4) Excessive sweat, salivation, nausea, vomiting, involuntary urination or defecation.
What site should you chose to administer atropine for nerve agent poisoning?
The outer portion of the thigh.
What is the most effective method of disease prevention?
Personal hygiene.
What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth's surface drawn to scale, as seen from above.
Define scale.
Scale is the ratio of map distance to ground distance
What are the five basic colors on military map?
Green, blue, red, brown, and black
What do the five basic colors represent?
Green- areas of vegetation.
Blue- water.
Red- main roads and populated areas.
Brown- contour lines.
Black- man-made structures.
Name the three norths on a map
Grid, magnetic, and true north
Which of the three norths are used in military land navigation
Grid north and magnetic north
How many graphic (bar) scales might you find on a military map?
. Four. Meters, yards, statute miles, and nautical miles.
. What is the legend and where is it located on a military map?
The legend illustrates and identifies the topographic symbols used to depict some of the more prominent features used on the map and is located in the lower left margin.
What is the declination diagram and where is it located?
The declination diagram is located in the lower margin and indicates the angular relationships of true, grid, and magnetic north.
What is longitude?
The angular distance on the earth or map, east or west of the prime meridian at Greenwich, England expressed in degrees, hours, minutes, and seconds.
What is latitude?
The angular distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees, hours, minutes, and seconds
What is the sheet name and where is it located on a map?
The sheet name is the actual name of the map. Military maps are generally named after their outstanding cultural or geographical features. The sheet name can be found centered in the upper margin and on the right lower margin.
What is the basic rule for reading a military map?
Always read right then up.
Within how many meters will a four, six, and eight digit grid coordinate get you?
1) Four digit- 1,000 meters.
2) Six digit- 100 meters.
3) Eight digit- 10 meters
What is resection?
Finding an unknown location on a map by determining the grid azimuth of two or three well defined features or locations.
What is intersection?
Finding the location of an unknown point by successfully occupying at least two or three positions and determining an azimuth to the unknown point. It is normally used to locate unknown features which are not shown on a military map
How many degrees and mils are there on a lensatic compass?
360 degrees and 6400 mils.
When using a compass, what things should you take care to avoid?
. High concentrations of metal or power lines.
What is the general rule for finding a back azimuth?
If the azimuth is more than 180 degrees, subtract 180. If it is less than 180 degrees, add 180. If it is equal to 180 degrees, the back azimuth is always 360 degrees.
What are the two methods of determining an azimuth?
Center hold and compass-to-cheek method.
What is the preferred method of determining distance (unmounted) while navigating?
The pace count
Why are maps important?
When used correctly, a map can give accurate distances, locations, heights, best routes, key features, concealment, and cover information
Be familiar with standard map definitions as indicated below
1) HILL- An area of high ground where the ground slopes down in all directions.
2) SADDLE- Dip or low point between two areas of higher ground but not necessarily the lower ground between two hilltops. It may simply be a dip or break along a level ridge crest.
3) VALLEY- Stretched out groove in the land usually formed by streams or rivers. Begins with high ground on three sides and usually has a course of running water through it.
4) RIDGE- A sloping line of high ground. A ridge will normally have low ground on three sides and high ground in one direction with varying degrees of slope.
5) DEPRESSION- Low point on the ground or a sink hole. Could be described as an area of low ground surrounded by higher ground on all sides, or simply a hole in the ground.
6) DRAW- Ground slopes upward in three directions and downward in the other direction. There is a less developed stream course in a draw than in a valley.
7) SPUR- Short, continuous sloping line of higher ground, normally jutting out from the side of a ridge. Often formed by two roughly parallel streams cutting draws down the side of a ridge.
8) CLIFF- A vertical or near-vertical feature; an abrupt change to the land. A slope so steep that the contour lines converge into one with tick marks pointing toward low ground.
9) CUT AND FILL- A cut is a man-made feature resulting from cutting through high ground to form a level bed for a road or railroad track. Tick marks on the contour line extend from the cut line to the road bed. Fills are shown when they are at least 10 ft. high. Tick marks on the contour line point toward lower ground.
What is the definition of leadership?
Leadership is the process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation.
What are the four major factors of leadership
The Led, the Leader, the Situation, and Communications.
Name four of the eleven principles of leadership
Know yourself and seek self-improvement* Be technically and tactically proficient* Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions* Make sound and timely decisions* Set the example* Know your soldiers and look out for their well-being* Keep your subordinates informed* Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates* Ensure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished* Build the tea* Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities.
What are the four elements of the professional Army ethic?
Loyalty, duty, selfless service, and integrity
The Army has established standards for all military activities. You as a leader have two responsibilities, what are they?
First is to know the standards and second is to enforce the established standards.
Name three of the six actions a leader must take to defeat battle stress.
Lead your unit, build cohesion, develop confidence, train your unit, develop a physically fit unit, develop a winning attitude
What is the danger of too little supervision?
Leads to frustration, miscommunications, lack of coordination, disorganization, and the perception that you do not care.
What is the danger of too much supervision?
Stifles initiative, breeds resentment, lowers morale and motivation
What is discipline?
It is the attitude of an individual or group that ensures prompt obedience of orders or initiation of appropriate action in the absence of orders.
What is cohesion?
. It is a strong mutual bond of respect, trust, confidence, and understanding among members of a group.
Explain what BE, KNOW, DO means to soldier team development
1) BE- spirited, desire to win, make soldiers believe in themselves.
2) KNOW- soldier, battlefield, ethical, people knowledge.
3) DO- assess everything, communicate and inform, be clear, make decisions, train for war.
Setting the example means what?
Being physically fit, well groomed, correctly dressed, conduct yourself in a way that personal habits are not subject to criticism, share danger and hardship with your soldiers, demonstrate your willingness to assume your share of difficult tasks
How would you develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates?
Give your soldiers frequent opportunities to perform duties at the next higher level. Let soldiers know that they can make honest errors without fear of being penalized
What are the three stages of soldier team development?
Formation, development, and sustainment.
What FM pertains to military leadership and effective counseling?
FM 22-100
What are the four steps in a "on the spot correction"?
Describe the behavior, describe the policy, the effect of not complying with the policy, ensure that the correction is made.
What are the six leadership attributes?
Beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skill
What are the two basic leadership responsibilities?
Accomplish the mission, and look out for the welfare of your soldiers.
Your beliefs, values, and ethics all merge to form the basis of your what?
Explain the categories of leadership attributes
1) BE- ethical, loyalty to the nation's ideals, loyalty to the unit, personal responsibility, selfless service. Professional, possess physical and moral courage, competence, candor, and commitment.
2) KNOW- yourself, your job, your unit.
3) DO- provide, direction, implement, motivate.
What are six counseling procedures?
Prepare for counsel, advance notification, selection of site, schedule of time, general outline and general atmosphere
Conducting a counseling session includes what?
Establish a rapport (making one feel at ease), establish the facts, establish solutions, summarize the session, perform a follow-up action.
What are the characteristics of a good counselor?
Approachable, experienced, unbiased, flexible, justice, observation skills, skilled communicator, aware of your limitations
Why is it important to be a good communicator in a counseling session?
. Communicating clearly, concisely, and without "beating around the bush", elaborate words are not necessary. The counselor should adjust his vocabulary to the level of the counseled. The counselor must listen well.
The ultimate objective of military leadership is what?
. Mission accomplishment.
Forcing yourself to do your duty, regardless of stress, exhaustion, or other conditions, is an example of what?
Self discipline
When developing goals for your unit, remember four key points.
1) Goals should be realistic and attainable.
2) Goals should lead to improved combat readiness.
3) Subordinates should be involved in the goal setting process.
4) You must develop a program to achieve each goal
What are the nine leadership competencies?
Communication, supervision, teaching and counseling, technical and tactical proficiency, decision making, planning, use of available systems, and professional ethics.
What key elements of our leadership doctrine provide a framework at all levels?
Leadership factors, principles, and competencies.
What are the two norms and define each norm.
1) Formal norm- official standards or laws that govern behavior, ie; UCMJ, traffic signals, and Geneva Convention.
2) Informal norm- unwritten rules or standards that govern the behavior of group members, ie; in the Korean combat patrol account, Lt Chandler stressed the informal norm that casualties were never left by the rest of the patrol.
What is the color of the "BIO" marker?
Blue background with red lettering
Your unit has been issued the nerve agent antidote injectors (not atropine injectors). You come across a nerve agent casualty. To administer first aid you would do what?
Inject him immediately with both injectors in the thigh. You may not administer more than three sets of auto injectors.
Where is atropine or the new NAAK kit injected into the casualty?
Into a meaty muscle (thigh).
What is the color of the "GAS" marker?
Yellow background with red lettering.
What gases will breakdown filters more rapidly than other gases?
Blood agents, AC or CK.
What is the color of the "GAS" marker?
Yellow background with red lettering
What gases will breakdown filters more rapidly than other gases?
Blood agents, AC or CK
What gases will the protective mask not effectively protect you from?
Ammonia, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
The M-40 series protective mask will protect your eyes and respiratory system against what?
All known toxic agents and biological agents
How long should it take you to don your protective mask?
Nine seconds, with an additional six seconds to secure the hood
Filters in the protective mask should be replaced (when the situation permits) as soon as possible when?
After attack by blood agents
Who is responsible for the care of the protective mask?
The individual soldier.
Protective masks (M-42 series) are assigned to whom?
Track vehicle drivers and Army aviators
Who gives the order to unmask?
The commander or the senior man present.
Which are the first straps tightened on the protective mask when fitting?
Forehead straps
To clean the carrier of the M-40 series mask, you should use what?
A stiff brush and clear water, then dry in the shade.
What does NBC mean?
Nuclear, biological, and chemical
What are the three effects of a nuclear explosion?
Heat, blast, and radiation.
What precedence is used when submitting an initial NBC-1 report?
A nuclear weapon suddenly goes off making a brilliant flash of light. There is no foxhole or ditch within ten feet of you. What must you do?
Drop to the ground immediately
What is the most field expedient method for decontaminating personnel?
Soap and hot water
Tightness in chest, pinpoint pupils, difficult breathing, dizziness, headache, drooling, are symptoms of:
Nerve agent poisoning