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56 Cards in this Set

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abjure
1. To recant solemnly; renounce or repudiate: “For nearly 21 years after his resignation as Prime Minister in 1963, he abjured all titles, preferring to remain just plain ‘Mr.’” (Time).
2. To renounce under oath; forswear.

# to abjure one's rights/religion
abrogate
To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority.

bãi bỏ, huỷ bỏ, thủ tiêu; bài trừ
acumen
Quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight.

sự nhạy bén, sự nhạy cảm, sự thín
bowdlerize
To remove material that is considered offensive or objectionable from (a book, for example).

expurgate
circumnavigate
1. To proceed completely around: circumnavigating the earth.
2. To go around; circumvent: circumnavigate the downtown traffic.
deciduous
1. Falling off or shed at a specific season or stage of growth: deciduous antlers; deciduous leaves; deciduous teeth.
2. Shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season: deciduous trees.
3. Not lasting; ephemeral.


* (động vật học) rụng vào một thời kỳ nhất định (răng sữa, sừng...)

* (động vật học) rụng cánh sau khi giao hợp (kiến...)

* (thực vật học) sớm rụng

* phù du, tạm thời
enfranchise
1. To bestow a franchise on.
2. To endow with the rights of citizenship, especially the right to vote.
3. To free, as from bondage, emancipate

* giải phóng, cho tự do

* ban quyền (được cử nghị viên... cho một thành phố)

* cho được quyền bầu cử
equinox
1. Either of two points on the celestial sphere at which the ecliptic intersects the celestial equator.
2. Either of the two times during a year when the sun crosses the celestial equator and when the length of day and night are approximately equal; the vernal equinox or the autumnal equinox.
epiphany
A revelatory manifestation of a divine being.

A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something.
expurgate
To remove erroneous, vulgar, obscene, or otherwise objectionable material from (a book, for example) before publication.

bowdlerize
feckless
inept, incompetent
1. Lacking purpose or vitality; feeble or ineffective.
2. Careless and irresponsible.

# yếu ớt; vô hiệu quả, vô ích; vô tích sự

# thiếu suy nghĩ, không cẩn thận; thiếu trách nhiệm
fiduciary
* uỷ thác (di sản)
* tín dụng (tiền tệ)

Of or relating to a holding of something in trust for another: a fiduciary heir; a fiduciary contract.
filibuster
1.
1. The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the purpose of delaying legislative action.
2. An instance of the use of this delaying tactic.
2. An adventurer who engages in a private military action in a foreign country.

* đi đánh phá các nước khác một cách phi pháp

* (từ Mỹ,nghĩa Mỹ) cản trở sự thông qua (một đạo luật ở nghị viện)
gerrymander (n,v)
Divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts

An act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)
(từ lóng) sắp xếp gian lận (những khu vực bỏ phiếu) (trong cuộc tuyển cử, để giành phần thắng)
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression

He was afraid to call spade a spade and resorted to circumlocutions to avoid direct reference to his subject.
diffident
shyness, timid, unsure

You must overcome your diffidence if you intend to become a salesperson.
incontrovertible
indisputable, irrefutable

We must yield to the incontrovertible evidence that you have presented and free your client.
fatuous
foolish; inane, vacuous, asinine

He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.
interpolate
insert between, interpose

She talked so much that I could not interpolate a single remark.
gauche
clumsy; boorish

Such remarks are gauche and out of place; you should apologize for making them.
hegemony
dominance, especially of one nation over others

As one Eastern European nation after another declared its independence, commentators marveled (wonder) at the sudden breakdown of the once monolithic Soviet hegemony.

"the hegemony of a single member state is not incompatible with a genuine confederation"; "to say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony"; "the consolidation of the United States' hegemony over a new international economic system"
jejune
insipid,

1. Not interesting; dull: “and there pour forth jejune words and useless empty phrases” (Anthony Trollope).
2. Lacking maturity; childish: surprised by their jejune responses to our problems.
3. Lacking in nutrition: a jejune diet.
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit

Filled with hubris, Lear refused to heed his friends' warnings.
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name

The monarch enjoyed traveling through the town incognito and mingling with the populace.
kowtow
1. To kneel and touch the forehead to the ground in expression of deep respect, worship, or submission, as formerly done in China.
2. To show servile deference. See synonyms at fawn1.

n.

1. The act of kneeling and touching the forehead to the ground.
2. An obsequious act.

toady, bootlick, fawn
laissez faire
1. An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce beyond the minimum necessary for a free-enterprise system to operate according to its own economic laws.

2. Noninterference in the affairs of others.
lexicon
dictionary
I cannot find this word in any lexicon in the library.
lugubrious
mournful

The lugabrious howling of the dogs added to our sadness.
oxidize
1. To combine with oxygen; make into an oxide.
2. To increase the positive charge or valence of (an element) by removing electrons.
3. To coat with oxide.

(la`m gi? se't)
nihilism
# Rejection of all distinctions in moral or religious value and a willingness to repudiate (reject) all previous theories of morality or religious belief.

# The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement.

chủ nghĩa vô chính phủ
nonsectarian
refers to a lack of sectarianism. The term is also more narrowly used to describe private educational institutions or other organizations not affiliated with or restricted to a particular religious denomination.

Cornell University, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kwansei Gakuin University, Duke University, and Northwestern University
notarize
To certify or attest to (the validity of a signature on a document, for example) as a notary public.
oligarchy
1.
1. Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families.
2. Those making up such a government.
2. A state governed by a few persons.


"one of his cardinal convictions was that Britain was not run as a democracy but as an oligarchy"; "the big cities were notoriously in the hands of the oligarchy of local businessmen"
orthography
correct spelling,
A method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols

Many of us find English orthography difficult to master because so many of our words are written phonetically.
pecuniary
1. Of or relating to money: a pecuniary loss; pecuniary motives.
2. Requiring payment of money: a pecuniary offense.


impecuniary: without money
Now that he was wealthy, he gladly contributed to funds to assist impecunious and disabled person
polygamist
polyglot
polygamist
one who has more than one spouse at a time
He was arrested as a polygamist when his two wives filed complaints about him.

polyglot: speaking several languages
New York City is a polyglot community because of the thousands of immigrants who settle there.
precipitous
steep; overhasty (precipitate)

This hill is difficult to climb because it is so precipitous; one slip, and our descent will be precipitous as well.
quasar
An extremely distant, and thus old, celestial object whose power output is several thousand times that of our entire galaxy.
recapitulate
summarize

Let us recapitulate what has been said thus far before going ahead.
reparation
amends; compensation
Something done or paid in expiation of a wrong

At the peace conference, the defeated country promised to pay reparations to the victors.

"Germany was unable to pay the reparations demanded after World War I"
respiration
breathing; exhalation

The doctor found that the patient's years of smoking had adversely affected both his lung capacity and his rate of respiration.
sanguine
cheerful; hopeful; healthy blood-red color

Let us not be too sanguine about the outcome; something could go wrong.

sanguinary: bloody
soliloquy
talking to oneself

The soliloquy is a device used by the dramatist to reveal a character's innermost thoughts and emotions.
suffragist
advocate of voting rights (for women)

In recognition of her efforts to win the vote for women, Congress authorized coining a silver dollar honoring the suffragist Susan B. Anthony.
tautology
needlessly repetitious

In the sentence "It was visible to the eye," the phrase "to the eye" is tautological.
taxonomist
specialist in classifying (animals, etc.)

A biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior

Dental patterns often enable the taxonomist to distinguish members of one rodent species from those of another.
tempestuous
related to tempest !

Tumultuous; stormy: a tempestuous relationship.
thermodynamics
Physics that deals with the relationships and conversions between heat and other forms of energy.
totalitarian (adj)
Of, relating to, being, or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life, the individual is subordinated to the state, and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed:

“A totalitarian regime crushes all autonomous institutions in its drive to seize the human soul” (Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.).
usurp
seize power; supplant; arrogate

The revolution ended when the victorious rebel leader usurped/supplanted the throne.
vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; stupid; inane, fatuous, asinine

The candidate's vacuous remarks annoyed the audience, who had hoped to hear more than empty platitudes
vortex
whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably (not capable) plunged

Sucked into the vortex of the tornado, Dorothy and Toto were carried from Kansas to Oz.
winnow
sift; separate good parts from bad

This test will winnow out the students who study from those who don't bother.
wrought
Shaped to fit by or as if by altering the contours of a pliable mass (as by work or effort)

1. Put together; created: a carefully wrought plan.
2. Shaped by hammering with tools. Used chiefly of metals or metalwork.
3. Made delicately or elaborately.

overwrought
extremely agitated; hysterical
When Kate heard the news of the sudden tragedy, she became too overwrought to work and had to leave the office early.
yeoman
man owing small estate; middle-class farmer

An attendant, servant, or lesser official in a royal or noble household.

It was not the aristocrat but the yeoman who determined the nation's policies.
ziggurat
A temple tower of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.