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413 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
to cheapen
abaratar (3 meanings)
to cheapen, to reduce, to lower (prices)
to reduce
abaratar (3 meanings)
to cheapen, to reduce, to lower (prices)
to lower (prices)
abaratar (3 meanings)
to cheapen, to reduce, to lower (prices)
to cheapen, to reduce, to lower (prices)
abaratar (3 meanings)
to cheapen, to reduce, to lower (prices)
to polish
abrillantar (2 meanings)
to polish, to make shiny
to make shiny
abrillantar (2 meanings)
to polish, to make shiny
to polish, to make shiny
abrillantar (2 meanings)
to polish, to make shiny
to open
abrir
to finish (name 2)
acabar (name 2)
to finish, to end // acabar, terminar
to end (name 2)
acabar (name 2)
to finish, to end // acabar, terminar
to finish, to end (name 2)
acabar, terminar (name 2)
to finish, to end // acabar, terminar
to accept
aceptar
to accept
to go to bed
acostarse (common reflexive verbs)
to warn
advertir
I warn
advierto (advertir)
to shave oneself
afeitarse (common reflexive verbs)
to extend, to lengthen
alargar
alargar
to reach
alcanzar
to rent (name 2)
alquilar
rentar, alquilar
to rent (name 2)
alquilar
rentar, alquilar
to undergo change, alter
alterar (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to undergo change
alterar (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to alter
alterar (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to undergo change, alter (reflexive)
alterarse (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to undergo change (reflexive)
alterarse (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to alter (reflexive)
alterarse (2 meanings, reflexive)
to undergo change, alter
to undergo change, alter (reflexive)
alterarse (2 meanings, reflexive)
to love (name 2)
amar
amar, querer
to add
añadir
to walk
andar
to learn
aprender
to tighten
apretar
ir., you aprieto
I tighten
aprieto (apretar)
to hurry, to press
apurar
apurar
to rent, to lease
arrendar
ir., arriendo
I rent, I lease
arriendo (arrendar)
to roll over (to trample, to defeat, to crush)
arrollar
arrollar
to ascend
ascender
ir., asciendo
I ascend
asciendo (ascender)
to assure
asegurar
to attend
asistir (2 meanings)
to attend, to be present
to be present
asistir (2 meanings)
to attend, to be present
to attend, to be present
asistir (2 meanings)
to help
ayudar (2 meanings)
to help, to assist
to assist
ayudar (2 meanings)
to help, to assist
to help, to assist
ayudar (2 meanings)
to help, to assist
to dance (name 2)
bailar
danzar, bailar
to dance (name 2)
bailar
to download, to descend, go or come down
bajar
to bathe oneself
bañarse (common reflexive verbs)
to drink
beber
to look for
buscar
to fall
caer
to warm up, to heat
calentar
ir., yo caliento
I warm up, I heat
caliento (calentar)
to walk
caminar
to get married, to marry someone
casarse (con alguien) (common reflexive verbs)
to brush oneself
cepillarse (common reflexive verbs)
to close
cerrar
ir., cierro
I close
cierro (cerrar)
to qualify
clasificar (sports, reflexive)
clasificar (sports, reflexive)
to collect
cobrar
to comment on, to talk about
comentar
comentar
to begin (name 2)
comenzar
comenzar, empezar
to begin (name 2)
comenzar
to begin
comenzar
ir., comienzo
to begin (name 2)
comenzar, empezar
comenzar, empezar
to eat
comer
I begin
comienzo (comenzar)
to divide (up), to share
compartir
compartir
to buy
comprar
to understand (name 2)
comprender
comprender, entender
to understand (name 2)
comprender
to understand (name 2)
comprender, entender
comprender, entender
to grant, bestow, concede
conceder
conceder
to confess
confesar
ir., confieso
I confess
confieso (confesar)
to know [people], to meet
conocer (H)
from the same root as the English words "cognition" and "recognize," generally means "to be familiar with."
to get, to obtain
conseguir (name 2)
to get, to obtain
to get
conseguir (name 2)
to get, to obtain
to obtain
conseguir (name 2)
to get, to obtain
to get, to obtain
conseguir (name 2)
to consist of (id.)
consistir en (id.)
to constitute
constituir
to count
contar
it has, it possesses (id.)
contar con (2 meanings)
it has, it possesses (id.)
it has (id.)
contar con (2 meanings)
it has, it possesses (id.)
to answer, to respond
contestar
to answer (name 2)
contestar (name 2)
to answer, to respond, contestar, responder
to respond (name 2)
contestar (name 2)
to answer, to respond, contestar, responder
to convert
convertir
ir., convierto
to convert (also, to turn)
convertir (2 meanings)
to convert (also, to turn)
to turn (as in 'to convert')
convertir (2 meanings)
to convert (also, to turn)
I convert
convierto (convertir)
to run
correr
to cut
cortar
to cost
costar
to believe
creer
to criticize, judge
criticar
criticar
to carry out, to realize, to fulfill
cumplir
cumplir
to accomplish, carry out
cumplir
to dance (name 2)
danzar
danzar, bailar
to dance (name 2)
danzar
to dance (name 2)
danzar, bailar
danzar, bailar
to give
dar
to give
to have to (as in "should")
deber
to have to (as in "should")
deber
to say
decir
to say
decir
to defend
defender
ir., defiendo
I defend
defiendo (defender)
to leave (behind)
dejar
to leave
dejar
to eat breakfast
desayunar
to eat breakfast
desayunar
to download (as in computers)
descargar
to download (as in computers)
descargar
to wish
desear
to wake up, to awaken
despertar
to wake up
despertarse (ie) (common reflexive verbs)
to get undressed
desvestirse (i) (common reflexive verbs)
to stop
detener (parar)
to determine
determinar
to give back, to pay back
devolver (name 2)
to give back, to pay back
to give back
devolver (name 2)
to give back, to pay back
to pay back
devolver (name 2)
to give back, to pay back
to direct
dirigir
to discern
discernir
ir., discierno
I discern
discierno (discernir)
to excuse, to pardon, [to apologize to someone]
disculpar [disculpar con alguien]
disculpar [disculpar con alguien]
to diminish, decrease
disminuir (2 meanings)
to diminish, decrease
to diminish
disminuir (2 meanings)
to diminish, decrease
to decrease
disminuir (2 meanings)
to diminish, decrease
to arrange, place, to prepare, get ready
disponer
disponer
to arrange
disponer
to arrange, to place (also part of an idiom with "estar <> a")
dispuesto, -ta (past participle)
dispuesto, -ta (past participle)
to enjoy oneself
divertirse (ie) (common reflexive verbs)
to cause pain (to ache, to hurt) (defective verb, H)
doler (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to hurt (to ache)
doler (h)
This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
to ache (to hurt)
doler (h)
This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
it was hurting (it used to hurt)
dolía (h)
This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
it used to hurt (it was hurting)
dolía (h)
This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
it hurt
dolió (h)
Preterito form: This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
to sleep
dormir
to fall asleep
dormirse (ue) (common reflexive verbs)
to take a shower
ducharse (common reflexive verbs)
it hurts
duele (h)
This is an intransitive verb which is normally used only in the third peson, in a construcion like that used for the verb gustar: ¿Dónde te duele? = Where does it hurt (you)?
to throw, to cast
echar
to choose, to elect, to select
elegir (3 meanings)
to choose, to elect, to select // elegir, escoger
to choose (name 2)
elegir (3 meanings)
to choose, to elect, to select // elegir, escoger
to select (name 2)
elegir (3 meanings)
to choose, to elect, to select // elegir, escoger
to begin (name 2)
empezar
comenzar, empezar
to begin (name 2)
empezar
to begin
empezar
ir., empiezo
I begin
empiezo (empezar)
to enchant (defective verb, H)
encantar (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to confront, to face
encarar
encarar
to light
encender
ir., enciendo
I light
enciendo (encender)
to find, to encounter
encontrar (2 meanings)
to find, to encounter
to find
encontrar (2 meanings)
to find, to encounter
to encounter
encontrar (2 meanings)
to find, to encounter
to meet [with], to find
encontrar (name 2)
to meet [with], to find
to meet [with]
encontrar (name 2)
to meet [with], to find
to find
encontrar (name 2)
to meet [with], to find
to be found, to be located
encontrarse (name 2)
to be found, to be located
to be found
encontrarse (name 2)
to be found, to be located
to be located
encontrarse (name 2)
to be found, to be located
to meet (into), run into, bump into
encontrarse con (name 3)
to meet (into), run into, bump into
bump into
encontrarse con (name 3)
to meet (into), run into, bump into
to meet (into)
encontrarse con (name 3)
to meet (into), run into, bump into
run into
encontrarse con (name 3)
to meet (into), run into, bump into
to get sick
enfermarse (common reflexive verbs)
to face
enfrentar
enfrentar
to show (name 2)
enseñar (name 4)
mostrar, enseñar (to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out)
to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out
enseñar (name 4)
to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out
to teach
enseñar (name 4)
to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out
to instruct
enseñar (name 4)
to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out
to point out
enseñar (name 4)
to show, to teach, to instruct, to point out
to understand (name 2)
entender
comprender, entender
to understand (name 2)
entender
to understand
entender
ir., entiendo
to bury
enterrar
ir., entierro
I understand
entiendo (entender)
I bury
entierro (enterrar)
to send (name 2)
enviar
enviar, mandar
to send
enviar
to send (name 2)
enviar, mandar
enviar, mandar
to choose (name 2)
escoger
elegir, escoger
to select (name 2)
escoger
elegir, escoger
to choose, to select
escoger
to write
escribir
to listen
escuchar
to wait for, to expect, to hope
esperar (name 3)
to wait for, to expect, to hope
to wait for
esperar (name 3)
to wait for, to expect, to hope
to expect
esperar (name 3)
to wait for, to expect, to hope
to hope
esperar (name 3)
to wait for, to expect, to hope
what something "does"
active
estar
to be somewhere or somehow (LOCO)
estar (H)
ser as the passive verb and estar as the active one, Ser tells you what something is, the nature of its being, while estar refers more to what something does
to study
estudiar
to study
estudiar
to avoid, to prevent
evitar
to check
examinar
to exist, be in existence
existir (2 meanings)
to exist, be in existence
be in existence
existir (2 meanings)
to exist, be in existence
to exist
existir (2 meanings)
to exist, be in existence
to extend
extender
ir., extiendo
I extend
extiendo (extender)
to be insufficient (defective verb, H)
faltar (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to fashion
formar (4 meanings)
to form, shape, fashion, make
to shape
formar (4 meanings)
to form, shape, fashion, make
to form
formar (4 meanings)
to form, shape, fashion, make
to form, shape, fashion, make (as in 'form, shape or fashion')
formar (4 meanings)
to form, shape, fashion, make
to spend
gastar
to like
gustar
to like (defective verb, H)
gustar (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to speak
hablar
to do, to make
hacer (name 2)
to do
hacer (name 2)
to do, to make
to make
hacer (name 2)
to do, to make
to come across, to find
hallar
hallar
to injure
herir
ir., hiero
to boil
hervir
ir., hiervo
I injure
hiero (herir)
I boil
hiervo (hervir)
to imagine
imaginar
to matter (defective verb, H)
importar (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to attempt, to try
intentar
intentar
to attempt, to intend, to plan, to try
intentar
to introduce (as in "to insert")
introducir
When "to introduce" means roughly "to insert" or "to institute,"
to go [away]
ir
to play
jugar
to play
to hurt (to harm, to offend)
lastimar
to harm (to hurt, to offend)
lastimar
to offend (to hurt, to harm)
lastimar
to wash
lavar
to wash oneself
lavarse (common reflexive verbs)
to read
leer
to read
to raise/rise, to lift, to straighten up/stand
levantar (3 meanings)
to raise/rise, to lift, to straighten up/stand
to raise/rise
levantar (3 meanings)
to raise/rise, to lift, to straighten up/stand
to lift
levantar (3 meanings)
to raise/rise, to lift, to straighten up/stand
to straighten up/stand
levantar (3 meanings)
to raise/rise, to lift, to straighten up/stand
to get up
levantarse (common reflexive verbs)
to call, to telephone
llamar (2 meanings)
to call, to telephone
to call
llamar (2 meanings)
to call, to telephone
to telephone
llamar (2 meanings)
to call, to telephone
to be named
llamarse (common reflexive verbs)
to arrive
llegar
to fill, to fill up
llenar (2 meanings)
to fill, to fill up
to fill
llenar (2 meanings)
to fill, to fill up
to fill up
llenar (2 meanings)
to fill, to fill up
to carry, to take away, to lead
llevar (name 3)
to carry, to take away, to lead
to carry
llevar (name 3)
to carry, to take away, to lead
to take away
llevar (name 3)
to carry, to take away, to lead
to lead
llevar (name 3)
to carry, to take away, to lead
to get, to obtain [reflexive, to be successful, to succeed]
lograr
lograr
to obtain, achieve, get
lograr
to send (name 2)
mandar
enviar, mandar
to send (name 2)
mandar
to order, to command, to send
mandar (3 meanings)
mandar (3 meanings)
to dial
marcar (telefono)
to measure, be [+ unit of measurement]
medir (2 meanings)
to measure, be [+ unit of measurement]
to measure
medir (2 meanings)
to measure, be [+ unit of measurement]
to lie (to deceive)
mentir
ir., miento
to eat a snack (before dinner)
merendar
ir., meriendo
I eat a snack (before dinner)
meriendo (merendar)
to put
meter
I lie
miento (mentir)
to look [at]
mirar
to look at oneself
mirarse (common reflexive verbs)
to show (name 2)
mostrar
mostrar, enseñar
to show (name 2)
mostrar, enseñar
mostrar, enseñar
to swim
nadar
to need
necesitar
to deny
negar
ir., niego
I deny
niego (negar)
to observe, obey
observar
to obtain
obtener
to hate, to loathe
odiar
to offer
ofrecer
to offer you
ofrecerle
to hear
oir
to forget
olvidar
to pay, to pay for
pagar (name 2)
to pay, to pay for
to pay
pagar (name 2)
to pay, to pay for
to pay for
pagar (name 2)
to pay, to pay for
to seem (defective verb, H)
parecer (defective verb, H)
Verbs such as gustar that frequently are used in the third person followed by the verb's subject and preceded by an object. Gustar is used in sentences such as me gustan las manzanas for "I like apples"; typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Other verbs that are usually used in the same way include doler ("to cause pain"), encantar ("to enchant"), faltar ("to be insufficient"), importar ("to matter"), parecer ("to seem"), quedar ("to remain") and sorprender ("to surprise").
to stop
parar (detener)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
pasar (3 meanings y más)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
to spend (time)
pasar (3 meanings y más)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
to pass (butter)
pasar (3 meanings y más)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
to pass (time)
pasar (3 meanings y más)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
to spend (time), to pass (butter), to pass (time)
pasar (3 meanings y más)
to walk, to ride, to go for a walk/ride
pasear (3 meanings)
to walk, to ride, to go for a walk/ride
to walk
pasear (3 meanings)
to walk, to ride, to go for a walk/ride
to ride
pasear (3 meanings)
to walk, to ride, to go for a walk/ride
to ask for, to request
pedir (2 meanings)
to ask for
pedir (2 meanings)
to ask for / to request
to borrow (name 2)
pedir prestado
pedir prestado, tomar prestado
to comb (one's hair)
peinarse (common reflexive verbs)
to think
pensar
ir., pienso
to lose
perder
ir., pierdo
to weigh
pesar
I think
pienso (pensar)
I lose
pierdo (perder)
to be able to (as in "can" or "may")
poder
to predict, foretell
predecir
predecir
to prefer
preferir
ir., prefiero
I prefer
prefiero (preferir)
to ask, to question
preguntar (name 2)
to ask, to question
to ask
preguntar (name 2)
to ask, to question
to question
preguntar (name 2)
to ask, to question
to prepare
preparar
to prepare
to introduce, to present
presentar
If you're introducing a person to another, use the verb presentar
to lend
prestar
to break
quebrar
ir., quiebro (also 'romper')
to keep
quedar
to remain (defective verb, H)
quedar (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to love (name 2)
querer
to want
querer
ir., quiero
to mean (L., to want to say) (name 2)
querer decir
querer decir, significar
to mean (L., to want to say) (name 2)
querer decir, significar
I break
quiebro (quebrar)
I want
quiero (querer)
to remove, to take away
quitar (name 2)
to remove, to take away
to remove
quitar (name 2)
to remove, to take away
to take away
quitar (name 2)
to remove, to take away
to takeoff (one's clothes)
quitarse (la ropa) (common reflexive verbs)
to react
reaccionar
reaccionar
to reject
rechazar (tr.)
rechazar (tr.)
to recommend
recomendar
ir., recomiendo
I recommend
recomiendo (recomendar)
to recognize
reconocer
to refer
referir
to return, to come back
regresar (name 2)
to return, to come back
to return
regresar (name 2)
to return, to come back
to come back
regresar (name 2)
to return, to come back
to rent (name 2)
rentar
rentar, alquilar
to rent (name 2)
rentar
to fix, to repair
reparar (name 2)
to fix, to repair
to fix
reparar (name 2)
to fix, to repair
to repair
reparar (name 2)
to fix, to repair
to repeat
repetir
to answer (name 2)
responder (name 2)
to answer, to respond, contestar, responder
to respond (name 2)
responder (name 2)
to answer, to respond, contestar, responder
to answer (name 2)
responder, contestar
to hold (name 2)
retener
tener, retener
to revise, to check
revisar
to steal
robar
to plead, to beg, to ask for [plaintiffly]
rogar (3 meanings)
to plead, to beg, to ask for [plaintiffly]
to plead
rogar (3 meanings)
to plead, to beg, to ask for [plaintiffly]
to beg
rogar (3 meanings)
to plead, to beg, to ask for [plaintiffly]
to ask for [plaintiffly]
rogar (3 meanings)
to plead, to beg, to ask for [plaintiffly]
to brush, to rub against, to touch lightly
rozar
rozar
to know [facts], also sometimes 'to have flavor'
saber
means "to know a fact," "to know how" or "to possess knowledge."
to remove, to take out
sacar
to leave, to go out
salir (name 2)
to leave, to go out
to leave
salir (name 2)
to leave, to go out
to go out
salir (name 2)
to leave, to go out
to save, to rescue
salvar
salvar
to dry one's self
secarse (common reflexive verbs)
to follow, to come after
seguir (name 2)
to follow, to come after
to follow
seguir (name 2)
to follow, to come after
to come after
seguir (name 2)
to follow, to come after
to indicate, point out
señalar
to seat
sentar (2 meanings)
to seat, sit
to sit
sentar (2 meanings)
to seat, sit
to seat, sit
sentar (2 meanings)
to seat, sit
to sit down
sentarse (ie) (common reflexive verbs)
to feel
sentir
ir., siento
to feel
sentirse (ie) (common reflexive verbs)
what something "is"
passive
ser
to be something (COT)
ser (H)
ser as the passive verb and estar as the active one, Ser tells you what something is, the nature of its being, while estar refers more to what something does
I feel
siento (sentir)
to mean (L., to want to say) (name 2)
significar
querer decir, significar
to surprise (defective verb, H)
sorprender (defective verb, H)
For ‘defective’ verbs, typically the word that is the subject in the English translation becomes the indirect object of the Spanish verb. Verbs that are usually used in the same way include gustar (“to like”).
to happen, occur
suceder
to suggest, hint
sugerir (2 meanings)
to suggest, hint
to suggest
sugerir (2 meanings)
to suggest, hint
to hint
sugerir (2 meanings)
to suggest, hint
to hold (name 2)
tener
tener, retener
to have
tener
to have to (as in "must")
tener que
to hold (name 2)
tener, retener
to finish (name 2)
terminar (name 2)
to finish, to end // acabar, terminar
to end (name 2)
terminar (name 2)
to finish, to end // acabar, terminar
to finish, to end
terminar (name 2)
to touch, to feel, to handle, to play (instrument)
tocar
to touch, to feel, to handle, to play (instrument)
to take (to drink)
tomar
to take, to drink
to borrow (name 2)
tomar prestado
pedir prestado, tomar prestado
to bring
traer
to try
tratar
to treat, to handle (to be about, id.)
tratar (2 meanings + idiom 'tratarse')
to treat, to handle (to be about, id.)
to treat
tratar (2 meanings + idiom 'tratarse')
to treat, to handle (to be about, id.)
to handle
tratar (2 meanings + idiom 'tratarse')
to treat, to handle (to be about, id.)
to be about, id.
tratar (2 meanings + idiom 'tratarse')
to treat, to handle (to be about, id.)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
ubicar (4 meanings)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
to place
ubicar (4 meanings)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
to locate
ubicar (4 meanings)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
to be located
ubicar (4 meanings)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
be situated
ubicar (4 meanings)
to place, locate, to be located, be situated
to sell
vender
to come
venir
to see
ver
to get dressed
vestirse (i) (common reflexive verbs)
to travel
viajar
to live
vivir
again (another way of saying…)
volver a (+ infinitive)
to deceive (to lie)
mentir
ir., miento
to trample (to roll over, to defeat, to crush)
arrollar
arrollar
to defeat (to roll over, to trample, to crush)
arrollar
arrollar
to crush (to roll over, to trample, to defeat)
arrollar
arrollar
to drink (to take)
tomar
to take, to drink