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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lysosome
present in saliva; kills bacteria; varies b/t children
palate
roof of mouth
hard palate
bone underneath
soft palate
no bone supporting
nasopharynx
under soft palate
uvula
hanging down in back of throat; gag reflex; plugs passageway to nose when you swallow
naso pharynx
above nose
oro pharynx
straight back from mouth
laryngo pharynx
below "oro"
nostrils
external nares
nasal forbinates
bone in nasal cavity
internal nares
restriction b/t nasal passageway
3 set of tonsils
1 - pharyngeal = adenoids
2 - palatine
3 - lingual
tonsilectomy
removal of tonsils
ankloglossia
being tongue tied
glottis
lumen; passageway
epiglottis
above glottis
deglutition
swallowing
cafe coronary
choking on food
3 salivary glands
1 - parotid
2 - mandibular
3 - sub-linguals
bolus
mucus covered food you swallow
esophagus
10" tube that passes through thoracic cavity
4 layers of esophagus
1 - tunica mucosa
2 - tunica submucosa
3 - tunica muscularis
4 - tunica serosa
3 mucosa parts
1 - epithelial layer
2 - connective tissue layer (lamina propia - blood vessels & nerves)
3 - mucosa muscularis (smooth muscle tissue)
submucosa
connective tissue (loose) with nerves; much like mucosa layer
serosa
serous membrane
gastric churning
food is being squeezed
3 types of epithelial cells
1 - goblet
2 - parietal
3 - chief
parietal cells
make HCl
chief cells
produce zymogen
pepsin
proteolytic enzyme: break protein into fragments
proteoses
broken proteins
gastric ulcer
too much HCl
Helicobacter pylori
bacteria that causes ulcers; can be taken care of by taking an antibiotic
vagus nerve
nerve to stomach
vagotomy
cutting of vagus nerve
pylorectomy
removal of pyloric region