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38 Cards in this Set

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Jarl
(earls) nobility, priest
Gothis
ruled according to law, this was not written down until 1100 AD, befor this time, laws were based on tradition and opinions of migration
Bonds
freemen, farmers, merchants
Thralls
slaves from Ireland, Finland, Germany, Slavic Nation
Nithing
"out cast" or "nothing"
Althing
a national assembly
Thing
were freemen (who were landowners) would vote for leaders and pass laws. they would set taxes, check men's weapons, investigate murders
odin
king of all gods (wooden wednesday)
Thor
son of Odin and earth, god of law and order, god of thunder
Frigg
Odins wife, known for kindness and beauty
Vanir
the firtilization gods, worshipped by farmers who made the crops
Aesir
warrior gods worshipped by warriors
Valhalla
the hall of the chosen one. Feasting, partying and fighting each other all night long (Viking warriors only) throughout all eternity
Valkyries
warrior maddens
Skraeling
"wreached" they were Eskimos
Dangeld
payment in gold (or wealth/$), made to Vikings by victims to spare their lives and go away
Danelaw
where the vikings lived
Runes
(10 in total) there are either magical or there are either practical runes
Futhark
the viking alphabet
Russe
this is what the Norsemen were called in russian
Hel
the goddess of the underworld
Novgorod
Vikings settled in the town of Russia and set up trading stations in these towns
Asguard
a heavenly place, the gods lived there
Miguard
the world of the humans (viking eskimos). It is surrounded by the ocean, which was imhabbeted by a serpent
Utguard
home of the frost giants
Ragnarok
the sene of the final battle that will soon end the world
Sagas
the tales of the Viking exploits. These were often passed down by word of mouth, then finally recorded during the 13th century by the Christian Monks
Eric the red
he has a red beard and hair, Fiery temper. He discoverd Green land- it is milder in temperature then it is now-
they can grow Barly, rais sheep and goats will last this way for 400 years until the climate changed.
Leif Ericson
"Leif the Lucky"
Discovering Vinland, it is named Vinland because of teh wine and the grapes. It is now present day NEW FOUND LAND, Canada. It deals with wreached Eskimos
Lindisfarne
this was a raid that happend around the year 800 AD. This raid was recorded by a monk by the name of Simeon of Durham of also whitnesed the raid. He said that the Vikings were bloodthirsty and brutal as they trampled on altars, looted the sacred relics and drowned the monks who tried to defend themselves.
Berserkers
The most fierce warriors who prepared for battle by eating wild plants and other foods that drugged them up and made them crazed
giants
they were evil creatures who lived in mountains by the ocean and preformed trickery and magic
Dwarfs
mischapen, ugly, wartfaced, little creatures who live in caves and are gready
Latitude sailing
the method of navigation which uses sun and stars to locate the latitiude that they wish to sail alog and then they will use that to reach land (before the compase)
Battle of the Hastings
William the Conqurer will use 700 ships and 10,000 men. HE will then take the throne by force
Harold Hardrada
of Normany- the "Last Viking" tried to seize the throne of England with his huge navel fleet, but he dies in the fighting in sept. 1066
Eduard the confessor
Hewas an English king who died with no son to take over so...
He got to men who wanted the throne
William the conqurer
He was the Duke of Normandy- was not English- but claims the throne becuase of a promise Eduard the confessor made to him- they were freinds and Eduard promised William the throne. William will attempt to take throne by force when others challenge this claim.