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16 Cards in this Set

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Time it takes for amount of drug to fall to half of its value; this is a constant in first order kinetics (majority of drugs)
Half-life (T1/2)
Relates the amount of drug in the body to the plasma concentration
Volume of distribution (VD)
Plasma concentration of a drug at a given time
Cp
The ratio of the rate of elimination of a drug to its plasma concentration
Clearance (CL)
The elimination of drug that occurs before it reaches the systemic circulation
First pass effect
The fraction of administered dose of a drug that reaches systemic circulation
Bioavailability (F)
When the rate of drug input equals the rate of drug elimination
Steady state
This step of metabolism makes a drug more hydrophilic and hence augments elimination
Phase I
Different steps of Phase I
Oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis
Inducers of Cytochrome P450 (CYP450)
Barbiturates, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and rifampin
Inhibitors of CYP450
Cimetidine, ketoconazole, erythromycin, isoniazid and grapefruit
Products of Phase II conjugation
Glucuronate, acetic acid, and glutathione sulfate
Type of kinetics when a constant percentage of substrate is metabolized per unit time
First order kinetics
Drug elimination with a constant amount metabolized regardless of drug concentration
Zero order kinetics
Target plasma concentration times (volume of distribution divided by bioavailability)
Loading dose (Cp*(Vd/F))
Concentration in the plasma times (clearance divided by bioavailability)
Maintenance dose (Cp*(CL/F))