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5 Cards in this Set

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strep throat (scarlet fever)
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: strep throat (scarlet fever)
agent: Streptococcus pyogenes
description: gram+ encapsulated streptococcus
affect: upper respiratory tract, blood, skin
sign: sore throat, skin rash, septicemia
toxin: erythrogenic toxin
treatment: penicillin, erythromycin
immunzation: none
comment: rheumatic fever, glomerulonehpritis, possible beta-hemolytic strains
diphtheria
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: diptheria
agent: Corynebacterium diptheriae
description: gram+ rod
affect: upper respiratory tract, heart, nerve fibers
sign: pseudomembrane, sore throat, moderate fever
toxin: yes
treatment: penicillin, antitoxin
immunzation: toxoid in DTaP
comment: bacteriophage involved, metachromatic granules
pertussis (whooping cough)
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: pertussis (whooping cough)
agent: Bordetella pertussis
desc: gram- rod
affect: upper respiratory tract
sign: mucous plugs, paroxysms of cough with ‘whoop’
toxin: yes
treat: erythromycin
immunz: acellular vaccine, available as DTaP
cmmt: vaccine may cause side effects, mucus movement impaired
meningococcal meningitis
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: meningococcal meningitis
agent: Nesseria meningitidis
description: gram- encapsulated diplococcus
affect: upper respiratory tract, blood, meninges
sign: toxemia, paralysis, skin spots
toxin: yes
treatment: penicillin, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone
immunzation: capsule polysaccharide vaccine
comment: high mortality if untreated, adrenal gland involvement
haemophilus meningitis
agent
description
affected
sign
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
disease: haemophilus meningitis
agent: Haemophilus influenzae b
description: gram- ecapsulated rod
affect: upper respiratory tract, meninges
sign: respiratory symptoms, paralysis
toxin: not established
treatment: cefotaxime, ceftriaxone
immunzation: conjugated vaccine to type b only
comment: dramatic decline in young children