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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abd
abdomen, abdominal
AP
anteroposterior
BSA
body surface area
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
EEG
electroencephalogram
lat.
lateral
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
PA
posteroanterior
PE
physical examination
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
VS, v.s.
vital signs
that part of the body lying between the thorax and the pelvis and containing the abdominal cavity and viscera.
abdomen
puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnosis.
abdominal paracentesis
surgical puncture of the abdomen.
abdominocentesis
a condition marked by symmetrical cyanosis of the extremities.
acrocyanosis
a chronic disease of adults in which there is abnormal enlargement of the extremeties of the skeleton - nose, jaws, fingers, and toes - caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone after maturity.
acromegaly
a loss of differentiation of cells and of their orientation to one another and to their axial framework and blood vessels, a characteristic of tumor tissue.
anaplasia
congenital absence of one or both ears.
anotia
what is action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
inhibits inflammation by blocking prostaglandin synthesis.
relieving or reducing fever; an agent that relieves or reduces fever.
antipyretic
lack of development of an organ or tissue.
aplasia
effusion and accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.
ascites
pertaining to a tail or tail-like appendage.
caudad
denoting a position more toward the tail.
caudal
referring to the head; toward the head.
cephalad
surgical repair of the hand.
chiroplasty
The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the human foot.
chiropody
cramping of the hand; writer's cramp.
chirospasm
divides the body into front and back portions.
coronal plane
inflammation of the finger or toe.
dactylitis
a fingerprint taken for purposes of identification.
dactylogram
any skin condition not characterized by inflammation.
dermatosis
a chromosome disorder characterized by a small flattened skull, short, flat-bridge nose, epicanthal fold, short phalanges, widened spaces between the first and second digits of hands and feet, and moderate to severe mental retardation. Also called trisomy 21 and nondisjunction; formerly called mongolism.
Down syndrome
abdnormality of development; in pathology, alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells.
dysplasia
a record produced by the electrical impulses of the brain.
electroencephalogram
highly increased body temp. around 105.
hyperpyrexia
pertaining to the hypochondrium; a person who has morbid anxiety about his or her health but has no attributable cause.
hypochondriac
any pathologic or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part.
lesion
pertaining to the navel.
omphalic
herniation of the navel.
omphalocele
rupture of the umbilicus.
omphalorrhexis
Of or relating to a disorder having physical symptoms but originating from mental or emotional causes.
psychosomatic
abnormal elevation of body temperature.
pyrexia
A substance that produces a fever.
pyrogen
Sensitivity of the hands to cold due to spasms of the digital arteries, resulting in blanching and numbness of the fingers.
Raynaud's phenomenon
pain in the chest
thoracodynia
puncture of the wall of a cavity to drain off fluid.
paracentesis
A small, oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation.
pituitary gland
a cell that upon division replaces its own numbers and also gives rise to cells that differentiate further into one or more specialized types, as various B cells and T cells.
stem cell
thoracodynia
chest pain
The part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm, partially encased by the ribs and containing the heart and lungs; the chest.
thorax