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136 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
filial piety
孝道

xiao4 dao4
norm, standard
準則

zhun3 ze2
to regard as, to look upon as
視為

shi4 wei2
natural instincts, human nature
天性

tian1 xing4
distinction, to distinguish
區別

qu1 bie2
birds and beasts (non-human)
禽獸

qin2 shou4
sign, to indicate, to symbolize
標誌

biao1 zhi4
sage, wise man
聖人

sheng4 ren2
to put forward, to suggest
提出 (來)

ti2 chu1 (lai2)
long-term, over a long time
長期

chang2 qi1
to put into practice, to practice
實踐

shi2 jian4
outcome, result, product
產物

chan3 wu4
Qin and Han dynasties
秦漢

qin2 han4
to establish, to set up, to found
建立

jian4 li4
nation, nationality, ethnic group
民族

min2 zu2
to safeguard, to defend
維護

wei2 hu4
to gurantee, to assure
保證

bao3 zheng4
to keep, to maintain
保持

bao3 chi2
vast territory and large population
廣土眾民

guang3 tu3 zhong4 min2
of high degree
高度

gao1 du4
to centralize the power, to centralize
集權

ji2 quan2
effective
有效

you3 xiao4
to rule, to govern, ruling
統治

tong3 zhi4
grassroots level
基層

ji1 ceng2
individual
個體

ge4 ti3
to live and work in peace and contentment
安居樂業

an1 ju1 le4 ye4
to be engaged in, to go in for
從事

cong2 shi4
to produce, to manufacture
生產

sheng1 chan3
to centralize, to concentrate, to put together
集中

ji2 zhong1
political power, regime
政權

zheng4 quan2
extreme, extremely
極端

ji2 duan1
scattered, dispersed
分散

fen1 san4
mutually, each other
互相

hu4 xiang1
to cooperate
配合

pei4 he2
to reduce, to cut down
減少

jian3 shao3
contrasting, to be antagonistic to
對立

dui4 li4
to coordinate, to bring into line
協調

xie2 tiao2
scale, scope, extent, dimensions
規模

gui1 mo2
cross-regional
跨地區

kua4 di4 qu1
project, engineering
工程

gong1 cheng2
to prevent, to guard against
防止

fang2 zhi3
civil war
內戰

nei4 zhan4
to resist
抵禦

di3 yu4
foreign aggression
外患

wai4 huan4
to provide disaster relief
救災

jiu4 zai1
to take precautions against natural calamities
防災

fang2 zai1
from among, out of
從中

cong2 zhong1
true material benefits
實惠

shi2 hui4
peaceful
太平

tai4 ping2
according to, on the basis of
根據

gen1 ju4
reasonable, rational
合理

he2 li3
量詞: household, family


hu4
thus, thereby
從而

cong2 er2
to constitute, to form, to compose
構成

gou4 cheng2
cell
細胞

xi4 bao1
small farmer
小農

xiao3 nong2
to pay tax
納稅

na4 shui4
duty, obligation
義務

yi4 wu4
responsibility
責任

ze2 ren4
conversely, on the other hand
反之

fan3 zhi1
in order, under control


zhi4
to realize
實現

shi2 xian4
monarch, soverign
君主

jun1 zhu3
principle
原則

yuan2 ze2
to strengthen, to consolidate
鞏固

gong3 gu4
order
秩序

zhi4 xu4
villiage communities, fellow villagers
鄉黨

xiang1 dang3
father is affectionate, son shows filial obedience
父子慈孝/父慈子孝

fu4 zi3 ci2 xiao4/fu4 zi3 ci2 xiao4
according to legend, tradition has it that...
相傳

xiang1 chuan2
the holy king
聖王

sheng4 wang2
to bring benefit to, to benefit
造福

zao4 fu2
clan, family
氏族

shi4 zu2
leader
領袖

ling3 xiu4
to enlarge, to expand
擴大

kuo4 da4
thus, therefore, as a result
因而

yin1 er2
to compare
相較

xiang1 jiao4
phenomenon
現象

xian4 xiang4
to start from, to proceed from, out ot
出於

chu1 yu2
feudal
封建

feng1 jian4
thought, ideology, thinking
思想

si1 xiang3
purpose, objective
目的

mu4 di4
sin, evil, travesty
罪惡

zui4 e4
the source of, the cause of
...之源

...zhi1 yuan2
restrict, limit
限制

xian4 zhi4
fetters, shackles
桎梏

zhi4 gu4
the principle of heaven and earth - right and proper, perfectly justified
天經地義

tian1 jing1 di4 yi4
eternal, perpetual
永恆

yong3 heng2
to attach much importance to agriculture
重農

zhong4 nong2
to fix, fixed, regular
固定

du4 ding4
land, soil
土地

tu3 di4
to love one's homeland and not wish to leave it
安土重遷

an1 tu3 zhong4 qian1
an ancient maxim/adage
古訓

gu3 xun4
profession, occupation
職業

zhi2 ye4
hereditary, inheritance practices
世襲

shi4 xi2
instructions, maxim
訓條

xun4 tiao2


yu2
to pay respect to ones parents in the morning and in the evening
晨昏定省

chen2 hun1 ding4 xing3
one-sided, lopsidedly
片面

pian4 mian4
there are no faulty parents in the world
天下無不是的父母

tian1 xia4 wu2 bu4 shi4 de fu4 mu3
marriage
婚姻

hun1 yin1
factor, elements
因素

yin1 su4
to depend on, to rely on


ping2
parental commands
父母之命

fu4 mu3 zhi1 ming4
就是


ji2
marriage (approved by parents)
婚配
structure, composition
結構

jie2 gou4
to change, to transform, to be in transition
轉型

zhuan3 xing2
old, aging problem
課題

ke4 ti2
to carry out, to pursue, implement
推行

tui1 xing2
planned parenthood
計劃生育

ji4 hua4 sheng1 yu4
only child
獨生子女

du2 sheng1 zi3 nv3
to support, to provide for (parents)
贍養

shan4 yang3
new type, new pattern
新型

xin1 xing2
to take care of, to look after
照顧

zhao4 gu4
to stipulate, to prescribe, regulation
規定

gui1 ding4
some, certain
某些

mou3 xie1
standard, norm
規範

gui1 fan4
filial devotion, filial sentiments
孝心

xiao4 xin1
hard to, difficult to
難以

nan2 yi3
to act accordingly, to compy with
照辦

zhao4 ban4
perfect, consummate
完善

wan2 shan4
still, yet
仍然

reng2 ran2
safe
安全

an1 quan2
harbor
港灣

gang3 wan1
to annotate, to give explanatory notes
詮釋

quan2 shi4
to be faced with, to be confronted with
面臨

mian4 lin2
unprecedented, never existed before
前所未有

qian2 suo3 wei4 you3
situation, circumstances
形勢

xing2 shi4
base
基地

ji1 di4
to bring up, to nurture and educate
培育

pei2 yu4
to go deep into, to penetrate, deeply
深入

shen1 ru4
to carry out, to conduct
進行

jin4 xing2
to renew an understanding of
再認識

zai4 ren4 shi
rise and decline
興衰

xing1 shuai1
old aging problem
老齡化

lao3 ling2 hua4
neighborhood, neighbors
鄰里

lin2 li3