Vertebral column

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  • Ossification In Fetal Development Essay

    bone. It is responsible for the lengthening of the bones during childhood. After the bone has reached its full growth, then it calcifies and disappears. If damage occurs in the growth plate, then it may not reach its full growth, which may mean that particular bone could be unable to reach its full growth. • Which bone in the skull has an opening to allow the spinal cord to pass through, and what is this opening called? The occipital bone forms the back and base of the skull. This bone also joins the temporal and parietal bones, forming a suture. The occipital bone also has an opening called the foramen magnum. The foramen magnum is an opening in the occipital bone that the spinal cord passes through. • The vertebral column consists of 4 curves, what are they? The spinal column has 26 segments of bones, called vertebrae. Vertebrae are in sets that are divided into four curves. Starting from the skull, C-1 to C-7 vertebrae form the cervical curve, they do not join the ribs. The second set, consists of twelve vertebrae. They are known as the thoracic vertebrae, T-1 to T-12. These vertebrae join with the ribs. The third set is known as the lumbar vertebrae, L1-L-5. The lumbar vertebra is the largest and strongest of the vertebrae, and is not joined with the ribs. The last curve of the vertebrae is the sacral curve (sacrum). It is formed with five separate bones that fuse together in a young child. It is a slight curved, triangular shaped bone in an adult. • Describe the…

    Words: 818 - Pages: 4
  • Chronic Back Pain

    Spinal stenosis is also part of the aging process and is the narrowing of the spinal column which causing pressure on the spinal cord. Stenosis can affect any part of the spine but is more serious in the cervical region. It is very important to get a proper diagnosis from your back specialist. How is a Diagnosis Made? Your back specialist will want to do some tests before a treatment plan is initiated which may include spinal x-rays, CT scans, and MRI’s. These tests will check the condition of…

    Words: 862 - Pages: 4
  • Chimpanzees Vs Humans

    opposite, consisting of a much thicker posterior side. These variations in thickness create a S-shaped curvature in the spine. The human spine has four curvatures, each resulting from the unique shape of each section of vertebrae; there are cervical and lumbar curves, or primary curves, and the thoracic and sacral curves, which make up the secondary curves. This S-shaped curve allows humans to distribute weight much more efficiently, thus decreasing the amount of impact placed upon the spine.…

    Words: 1525 - Pages: 7
  • Mri Advantages

    Advantages of MRI: By choosing the appropriate pulse sequence and pulse sequence parameters, MRI has the ability of producing images by different contrast mechanisms giving it tremendous flexibility. Disadvantages of MRI: INFLAMMATORY PROCESS OF THE LUMBAR SPINE Spondylodiscitis: Introduction: Spondylodiscitis is a rare primary infection of the intervertebral disc with secondary infections of the vertebrae. It can lead to osteomyelitis of the spinal column. Predisposing factors include age,…

    Words: 1019 - Pages: 5
  • Osteoarthritis: Degenerative Disc Disease

    herniated disks. Disk degeneration follows a predictable pattern. First the nucleus in the center of the disk begins to lose its ability to absorb water. This occurs as result of a decrease in cell density in the disk that is accompanied by a reduction in the synthesis of cartilage specific extracellular matrix components as type II collagen. As proteoglycan content of the disk decrease, a loss of water binding capacity by the disk matrix occurs and disk become dehydrated. Then the nucleus…

    Words: 1175 - Pages: 5
  • Narrative Essay On Scoliosis

    One beautiful, sunny day in late fall when the leaves were changing colors and there was a little chill in the air, my sister and I were in her jeep with our mom scouring the area for sales. Tonya, my sister, treated us to Hardees biscuits to eat while on our search. We were all excited about different items we purchased from the various sales. The day was feeling like another normal day to look for yard sales with my family. As I stared out the window, thoughts of the peaceful day flooded my…

    Words: 1127 - Pages: 5
  • Idiopathic Scoliosis Research Paper

    Scoliosis is a spinal deformity which affects more than four million people in the United States alone. Scoliosis causes the spine to rotate and curve. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a type of scoliosis with no known cause found in people over the age of ten. When patients reach skeletal maturity, they have instead idiopathic scoliosis as they are no longer adolescent. As adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has no known cause, it is the most scientifically important type. Without knowing a…

    Words: 930 - Pages: 4
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    such as a motor vehicle accident or hyperextension injury. The most common symptom is pain often occurring with tenderness; paresthesia, sensory loss, and weakness also may occur. Certain body postures may worsen symptoms of the disorder. (McKenzie) “A careful history and thorough clinical examination are the most important components in establishing the diagnosis of TOS, which remains a diagnosis of exclusion” (Hooper). History questions should include the timing of symptoms (during activity,…

    Words: 1428 - Pages: 6
  • Optokinetic Research Paper

    Optokinetic and electromagnetic systems are widely used in laboratory settings to monitor three -dimensional (3-D) motion. These systems are accurate, but they have certain limitations like high cost, more space requirements and set–up issues. These limitations make them impractical for use at home[2].Miniature movement sensor modules[10] use accelerometers, rate gyroscopes and magnetometers to estimate 3-D orientation. These devices are more complicated and delicate to use at home by a…

    Words: 992 - Pages: 4
  • Thoracic Vertebrae In The Spine

    The biggest differences between the vertebrae in the spine, are shape and secondary functionality. The cervical vertebrae are the smallest, they are the most flexible allowing the biggest range of head movement. The only vertebra containing no vertebral body, the axis, is located in the cervical vertebrae. Thoracic vertebrae are mid sized, and the physical shape of the thoracic vertebrae are the most rigid because they connect the ribcage and torso to the spine. Thoracic vertebrae are the only…

    Words: 306 - Pages: 2
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