Ventilator-associated pneumonia

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    Explanation of a microbiological algorithm for Hospital-acquired and Ventilator associated pneumonia. This algorithm is intended to deal with the microbiological aspects of hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia. The severity of the illness is important in determining when to collect the diagnostic samples and which antimicrobials to administer due to which organisms are present. There are many prognostic scoring systems used to suggest the severity of the disease in patients e.g., The Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System and the Mortality Predictor Model. (Napolitano, 2010) For this algorithm the guidelines used were produced by the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America which classify the…

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    The relationship between the use of oral care and the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in critical care patients is very intriguing to me. Since I have started nursing school, I have always had an interest in the trauma area of nursing. In my medical-surgical clinical rotation, I had the opportunity to spend the day working alongside a nurse in the emergency room. Emergency and trauma nursing have always been of interest to me, even before I started nursing school. I ended up…

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    Description of current deficit and Issue Requiring Change During the observation for the last few years, it has been concluded that the deficit or lack of knowledge on the transmission of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) on critical ill patients in mechanical intubation is the major cause of the increased VAP infections. Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung tissue which can be bacterial or viral. Ways that pneumonia organisms reach the lungs can be due to aspiration of organisms…

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    during their hospital course. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia that develops 48 hours after a patient has been placed on mechanical ventilation. It is most commonly caused by bacterial infections including fungi and viral epidemics and it is usually found in the sterile lower respiratory tract. Early diagnosis and the appropriate use of antibiotics will help to avoid the emergence of multi-drug resistant organisms. This can be cured with appropriate antibiotic…

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    VENTILLATOR ASSOCITAED PNEUMONIA Hospital is an institution which provides medical and surgical treatment where nurses care patients in order to improve their health condition. Despite that sometimes, patients’ may develop infectious disease while receiving the health care facilities through various invasive procedures. Nosocomial infection is infection which is acquired in hospitals setting to the admitted patient which may come in sight after 48hours of admission or within 30days of…

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    aureus), Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumonia , Escherichia coli ( E.coli), Enterococcus, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Proteus, coagulase negative staphylococci ( S.epidermidis, S. saprophytic). Although most of gram–ve bacilli can’t remain in dry surfaces and sensitive to common disinfectant, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia considered as the most common bacterial pathogens of…

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    ABSTRACT Introduction There are different types of pneumonia, whereby Hospital Acquired Pneumonia is one of them. It is a disease that is contracted in a hospital normally after 48 hours of admission. This is dangerous, normally bacterial, disease. What make the disease so dangerous is that the patients who contract the Hospital Acquired Pneumonia immune system are low as they are already critically ill. The germs in the hospital are also more dangerous than that in the community. Case…

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    Lung diseases are very prevalent in the United States. According to a study, COPD is diagnosed in almost 24 million individuals in the US and is among the top 4 reasons of death in the country (Rubin, Dhand, Ruppel, Branson, & Hess, 2011). Other prevalent lung illnesses in the United States are asthma, pneumonia, and ARDS, which all correlate with the concept of gas exchange. In each phase in the continuum of healthcare, nurses will be faced with a patient who is diagnosed with a respiratory…

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    Pneumonia is caused by an inflammatory response to an organism such as streptococcus pneumoniae or escherichia coli. This inflammation occurs in the alveolar sacs and the alveoli are filled with fluid, neutrophils, and there is also an increase in mucus production.The inflammation of the alveolar sacs leads to a decrease in gas exchange which leads to hypoxia (Lewis, 2014). There are several types of pneumonia and they include: community-acquired, medical care-associated, aspiration, and…

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    Introduction / Purpose: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). It caused prolonged hospital stay and increased mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the rate of VAP, causative microorganisms and their antibiotic susceptibilities. Materials and Method: This retrospective study included patients that admitted in 12-bed ICU between January 2013 and December 2014. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criterias…

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