Vancomycin

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    If nothing else works (i.e the bacteria is resistant to everything else) then doctors will use vancomycin. However, since enterococci are becoming resistant to it, we can’t use it to treat VRE. Since no other antibiotic works, there is no way to treat VRE. To add to the problem enterococci rarely causes infection. The only exception is in debilitated patients. Since they are already quite sick, this is often a fatal combination. Finally, avoparcin (a drug very similar to vancomycin) is extensively used in animal feed. This will greatly increase the incidence of VRE. 4. Name one antibiotic that is commonly used in outpatients. Describe the mechanism of action of that drug. One antibiotic that is commonly used in outpatients is penicillin. The mechanism of action for penicillin is binds to the transpeptidase enzyme complex. The transpeptidase enzyme complex is used to crosslink peptidoglycan. When the beta- lactam is bound to the transpeptidase enzyme complex the crosslinks on the outer membrane can’t form. This makes the bacteria…

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    Clinical Interviews

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    Interviewer: Broadly speaking, what is your treatment approach for MRSA infections and do you select different approaches for different types of patients? Dr. Nick: We will try to eradicate initially for a new positive culture and usually that is a combination of oral antibiotics like a Bactrim or a Rifampin. Then we will use topical things like Bactroban in the nasal passages and Utibiclense showers that they wash. They do that for a couple weeks and see if we can eradicate it. If that doesn’t…

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    Vancomycin Research Paper

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    Alicia your topic is very interesting and the issues that you have raised are noteworthy. One of the things you mentioned on your post is that a good portion of the vancomycin is removed when it is given during the hemodialysis. As a pediatric OR nurse specializing in open heart surgeries, I immediately asked myself whether our patients undergo the same thing when they receive prophylactic vancomycin dose and then later go through cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Vancomycin is given as an…

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    Triple Taqman Essay

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    Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the ability of triple Taqman probe real-time PCR to the detection and differentiation of vanA, vanB and vanM genotypes of Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). METHODS: Choosing the culture method and PCR-sequencing assay as the reference standard,respectively, a total of 254 VRE and 90 strains of no-VRE were conducted by triple Taqman probe real-time PCR collected from 2005 to 2015 in China. Results: When detect the VRE strains, the sensitivity, specificity,…

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    patient comes in with C diff infection they are typically treat with a dose of antibiotics. The two most prescribed therapies are a treatment of Vancomycin and/or Metronidazole. Per Sahil Khanna et al. (2016) patients on antibiotic therapy alone for C diff had a sixty percent chance of recurrence (Khanna et al., 2016 pg. 173). Researchers today are looking for a form of therapy that decreases the likelihood of recurrent infection. Patients with recurrent C diff are at an increased. One treatment…

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    S. Aureus

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    Isolated in the 1950s from a Stretopmyces orientalist strain found in a Borneo jungle and clinically introduced in 1958, the antibiotic has a spectrum of activity limited to gram-positive organisms: it is too large to cross gram-negative bacterial membranes, and thus has no impact on these organisms. Vancomycin works against gram-positive bacteria by inhibiting peptidoglycan synthesis through multiple methods. It can limit transpeptidation reactions and peptidogylocan polymerase reactions by…

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    provided care to more than 12,000 children. During my experience at Capital Regional Medical Center, I noticed that the Dr. Parchamzad prepared prescriptions for different clientele that were in the emergency room, intensive care unit, and pediatrics. Physicians and nurses would call to place an order by phone or e-scribe them to the pharmacy. Dr. Parchamzad had to verify all prescription orders before preparing the medication for the patient. This procedure ensured that any mistakes that were…

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    Preventing MRSA

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    2012 when the number of deaths had fallen to 38 a year.4(p378) MRSA is harder to treat today because it has become resistant to many drugs. MRSA that is acquired in the community is treated more easily than MRSA acquired in hospitals.7 The antibiotic chosen will depend on the strain and resistance of the MRSA.4(p379) Vancomycin and Teicoplanin are Glycopeptide antibiotics that are used to treat MRSA infections.7(p82) However, treatment of MRSA infection with Vancomycin can be difficult…

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    S. Auris Case Studies

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    aureus has the ability to convert to a multi-drug resistant S. aureus knowing worldwide as Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) which can overcome the human immune system (Al-Tarazi et al., 2009; Hiramatsu et al., 2014). MRSA is known worldwide as a multi-drug resistance acquired hospital pathogen, but recent reports revealed that MRSA was associated with cases of bovine mastitis (Aamer et al., 2014). Vancomycin was considered the drug of choice to…

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    The patient is an 84-year-old female who was brought to the ED referred from her doctor's office brought by her daughter because of profound weakness, not eating well and having persistent diarrhea. The patient is known to have some dementia, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypertension, aortic insufficiency and increased lipids. Her history is that she had a recent fracture of her right hip. She underwent an inter cephalo-medullary pinning on the 30th and was discharged to the…

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