Transparency International

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    In relation to the first pillar, Bannon (1999) states that the World Bank has established an oversight committee to look into allegations of corruption in bank-financed projects, including the assessment of corruption-related risks. In regards to the second pillar, Bannon (1999) states that the Word Bank supports the Anti-Bribery Convention on an international scale, and is working closely with international organizations to minimize cross-border corruption. In regards to the third pillar, the Word Bank asserts that countries with high corruption rates are limited in their prospects for financial assistance. Finally, the World Bank has pledged its support to countries that have taken steps to address corruption by reforming economic policies and…

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    Corruption And Poverty

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    These countries will reside on either side of the spectra of the corruption index. The Corruption Perceptions Index is a measurement conducted by the Transparency International Organization that gives a ranking of numbers between 1-100 for each country, with a lower number indicating a more perceived corrupt country. In this study, the dependent variable will be the CPI ranking subtracted from 100, thus in our data, the higher the number a country is scored, the more corruption is perceived to…

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    359). There is also the issue of its methodological requirements and the fact that looking at corruption in the empirical sense moves it away from the issue of ethics thus over simplifying the issue as a “legal vulnerability” (Jos 1993, 360). The unique thing about Jos’ research in relations to the previously mentioned qualitative research is that he seeks to explore the operationalization of the constructs involved in defining corruption in order to bridge the gap between normative and…

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    "Institutional Flaws and Corruption Incentives in India" (2008) by Heston and Kumar, focuses on the issues of petty corruption and the poor. They accentuate that India will not be able to achieve its full economic potential if a large population cannot mobilize the resources it possesses due to corruption. In the due process, they propose two aspects of petty corruption. First, “increases in per capita income, reduce corruption”. Second, “high degree of corruption leads to higher income…

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    longer need the bribes to survive. This is a possibility that we have discussed extensively in class in order to predict its effectiveness. In this article, Rosenberg states that simply being “fed up” with paying bribes and being extorted is not enough to make a change unless “there is some channel for turning it into action” (Rosenberg 6). Unfortunately, Rosenberg stated that there was no channel for action at that time because the poor in Mexico did not have any avenue to influence government.…

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    Guanxi And Corruption

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    Moreover, Manion proposes that figures on corruption are likely to underestimate its actual volume. She argues that the severity of corruption in China is captured by the story of the Anticorruption Bureau Chief, Luo Ji, who was fired in 1998 after being caught diverting embezzled funds (Manion 2004: 85); corruption, she argues, is even prominent among those who are tasked to resolve it. Another popular resource for analysing corruption is the in-depth research undertaken by Transparency…

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    power held by the people where it belongs. Who is it that will discover how to, as well as be able to take on so much power and avoid becoming corrupt and egocentric themselves? Transparency International is the leader in fighting all types of corruption around the entire globe The group conducts research, develops plans, and takes action. Although, they do not find a great need for their resources in America. Transparency International conducts studies in 168 countries (Transparency…

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    Judges should not be allowed endless terms. Lifelong power is too similar to absolute power. Transparency International is actively conducting surveys globally to compare country corruption statistics. As a development indicator, TI scored the level of judicial independence from one to seven in 2012; a score of seven meaning a country filled with judges “independent from influences,” (Transparency International). They gave the United States a score just under five. However, the United States…

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    private enterprises, public officials or politicians are sometimes used as bribery. Rose-Akerman (1999) infers that despite bribes may improve overall efficiency, most cases are not valid arguments to tolerate low level of official corruption. The defense of bribery as a tool for resource allocation appears static according to the assumption of particular sets of laws and requirements of social programmes. Illegal payoffs in a market-based system do not produce efficient outcomes. If bribes can…

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    “Power makes individuals corrupt” “Corruption is when people in positions of entrusted power abuse their power for their own personal gains [or to fulfill the agendas of the group they represent]” (Transparency International). Lord Acton, a nineteenth century historian, argued that power is the root cause of corruption. The more power one has, the more corrupt one is likely to become ("Biography of Lord Acton."). Although some commentators argue that there is no correlation between power and…

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