recessive autosomal malformation, which is characterized by the viscera’s transposition which may be thoracic, abdominal or both (1, 2). Worldwide prevalence of this anomaly varies from 0.04% to 0.30% (3). Situs inversus is divided into two types: situs inversus partialis, which involves the thoracic organs (dextrocardia) or abdominal viscera, and situs inversus totalis, which involves both the thoracic organs and abdominal viscera (4).
Though situs inversus on its own is not pathological, it…
and the larynx. The main function of the pharynx is to provide a passageway for the respiratory and digestive tracts.
Esophagus: The esophagus is in charge of bringing food down from the mouth and leading it to the stomach. It is located in the thoracic cavity underneath the trachea and appears much less firm than the trachea. The esophagus belongs to the digestive system.
Stomach: The stomach is located underneath the left side of the liver. It looks like a thin oval shaped balloon that is…
Just under the tail and after the rectum
Same colour as skin (light pink)
Valve-like and scrunched up; feels and looks like a sphincter
Valve-like muscle at lower end of rectum. The opening through which feces pass out of body
In males, it is located just under the anus and bulges out from the skin
Same colour as skin (light pink)
Feels muscular/like skin
Contains the testes
The human body is a complicated thing. No one realizes what all goes through the mind just to do a simple task. The different anatomical features in the human body are many as are the physiological aspects in which all of these various organs and nerves work together. There are many types of tissues that come together make up the four main systems in the human body. These systems intertwine and jointly work together for a person to eventually phonate, breathe, or just walk around a room. The…
The human body has two major circulatory systems: the blood and lymphatic systems. Although the blood vascular system and the lymphatic system operate in parallel and share some anatomical features, the two vascular systems have had very different fates in science and medicine, as they display distinct structural and functional features. While the blood system has been extensively studied and examined, the lymphatic system has been neglected and considered as less important compared with the…
in air-filled spaces. The lungs are covered in a double layered serosa where the parietal pleura lines the thoracic wall and the visceral pleura covers the lung surface. Each lung is surrounded by the pleura fluid which is engrossed in between two pleura membrane. This pleura fluid serves as a moist surface to prevent friction as well as adhere the lungs tightly together in between the thoracic wall. ( pg.536,Silverthorn) The intrapleural pressure of the pleura fluid is -3 mm Hg and as a result,…
1. Dr. Baker spends a long time listening to (auscultating) Caleb’s heart.
a. Where on the thoracic surface do you auscultate to the tricuspid, mitral (bicuspid), pulmonary, and aortic valves?
The tricuspid valve is between the right atria and right ventricle. Therefore, you would auscultate the tricuspid valve on the left side of the heart, between the fourth and fifth rib (or intercostal space) and lower left sternum area. The mitral valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle.…
1. Differentiate between skin of fish and amphibia
Fish (Scoliodon) Amphibia (Frog)
*Skin is rough and tough which remains *Skin is smooth and loose which remain attached with the underlying muscles. separates from the underlying muscles by lymph . sac.…
What are the nonpolar parts of a phospholipid?
c. Tail group
4. This is the only polar portion of a cholesterol molecule and it forms hydrogen bonds with the polar heads of phospholipids.
d. –OH group
5. This type of membrane protein will extend throughout the entire membrane touching both the Intracellular fluid and the Extracellular fluid.
e. Integral proteins
f. Transmembrane proteins
g. Integral proteins and Transmembrane proteins
CVC General Consideration
To give medications to the patient e.g. vasopressors, chemotherapy, antibiotics1
Parentral nutrition (PEN)
Hemodynamic monitoring – e.g. central venous pressure (CVP)
In case of difficult or poor peripheral venous access
CONTRAINDICATION: some of the relative contraindications are
Anatomic distortion at insertion site
Already existing intravascular devices
Internal juglar vein (IJV)
Suvclavian vein ( SCV)