Theories of political behavior

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  • Cooperative Behavior Analysis

    Wagner presented hypotheses influencing the cooperative behavior referenced through a variety of research studies. All of which came out be effective in the manifestation of high cooperation in an educational setting. For instance, the first hypotheses stated, “individual- collective behavior will influence cooperation in groups in such a way that collectivist will cooperate more than individuals” (1986). The studies analyst Gaybrenya focused on the performances of Chinese (a collaborative nation) and United States students, (individualistic nation). The transfer students from China to the United States were able to work collaboratively and achieve more work whereas students from their homeland China were also producing the same amount of work independently. Earley findings also resembled likeliness to Gaybrenya studies therefore affirming her findings to be accountable. The advantage in this hypotheses are the positive outcomes distributed with those who influence the cooperative behavior as oppose to those who do not give them the disadvantage to cooperate with others. In addition, the second hypothesis referenced, Group size will influence cooperation in groups in such a way that members of small groups will cooperate more than members of large groups (Wagner…

    Words: 1445 - Pages: 6
  • Dental Floss Behaviour

    increase dental floss behavior was also tested. 119 participants were individuals from a university and were given course credit for participating. The participants were randomized to which group they were put into, intervention or control group. The intervention group participants was given dental floss and a diary to record the days they flossed. Before starting the intervention, they were given a questionnaire based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. It assessed attitude, subjective norm,…

    Words: 2204 - Pages: 9
  • Theory Of Health Promotion

    for the behaviour or caused illnesses it is usually considered cost-effective. For example, consider that smoking related illness cost the NHS more than five billion pounds every year, whereas in 2010 it is reported that the cost of anti-smoking campaigns for that year was more than 84 million pounds (Nursing Times, 2009). Using the theories of the Health Belief Model (HBM) and the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), which are collectively known as social cognition models (Lyons and Chamberlin,…

    Words: 2182 - Pages: 9
  • Reasoned Action Theory

    Purpose The Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior can successfully explain the phenomenon of predicting health related behaviors. This theory was originated by social scientists Martin Fishbein and Icek Ajzen in the 1970’s while trying to establish a bounding relationship between attitude and behavior (Hayden, 2014). The Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior maintains its success when applied to real life situations because of the core constructs that explain the influences…

    Words: 1379 - Pages: 6
  • Tpb Theory

    researchers have also investigated models of behavior-specific, social-cognitive determinations of behavior such as the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The “theory of planned behavior” (TPB), developed by Ajzen and Fishbein (1980) is one of the most parsimonious models and has demonstrated efficacy in explaining variance in intention and behavior in a number of contexts (Armitage & Conner, 2001). TPB proposes that intention is the proximal determinant of behavior and is determined by three…

    Words: 710 - Pages: 3
  • Maslow's Motivation Theory

    According to Maslow, one of the pioneers of humanist theory in personality development, physiological drives are the most “most pre-potent of all needs” and “are usually taken as the starting point for motivation theory” (“A Theory of Human”). Furthermore, Maslow asserts that “the integrated wholeness of the organism must be one of the foundation stones of motivation theory” (“A Theory of Human”). The term wholeness, itself, implies a coherent, accumulation of needs that are synergistic and, as…

    Words: 1522 - Pages: 7
  • Theories Of Social Crime Theory

    it”, a quote from Lucius Annaeus Seneca that helps describe how society views and “prevents” crime. Criminal theories attempt to construct views on how to prevent and fight crime but often the criminal justice system is working against society. The two theories that are explained within are the social learning theory and rational choice theory. These theories will construct views as to how and why the seven crimes are committed using the concepts within the theories. Theory One Social learning…

    Words: 2208 - Pages: 9
  • Public Choice Theory: The Principal-Agent Theory Of Corruption

    Groenendijk (1997) in his Journal Article of Crime, Law and Social Change that principal-agent theory is a sub set of political corruption. The principal-agent theory of corruption is categories into two; the principal (one which is corrupting) and an agent (one who is corrupted). The principal-agent model is used to political corruption in representatives democracies yet not limited to bureaucratic corruption. According to Handbook of Dispute Resolution by Michael and Robert (2005), who…

    Words: 1243 - Pages: 5
  • Acemoglu And Robinson's Theory Of Political Institutions

    Barro found that a nation’s GDP growth rate is correlated with improved rule of law and granting of political rights. These were only correlated when prevalence was initially low, but it demonstrated that certain political structures may be better for growth. This is because economic rights and political rights facilitate and encourage one another to develop. The key causal mechanism here is limitation in government power due to the increase of individual political rights (Barro 1998). While…

    Words: 849 - Pages: 4
  • Bruce Tuckman's Leadership Theory

    Ezeugo Okechukwu David Abstract Leadership is a process through which an individual influences behavior of others towards attainment of organizational goals. Leadership results in follower behavior which is very important aspect of goal-direction. Leadership theories can be classified into following categories: Trait theories: These theories identify specific trait or behavior demonstrated by leaders. If leadership is associated with specific…

    Words: 989 - Pages: 4
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