1. Nasal bone
a. These bones serve as attachments sites for the cartilaginous tissues that shape the nose (AnatomyExpert, 2014).
2. Nasal Cartilage
a. The nasal cartilage articulates with the ethmoid bone to anteriorly separate the nasal passage into two halves (Starkey, Brown, & Ryan, 2011).
a. The zygoma is a sturture that fused to the maxilla and the temporal bones to form the prominent zygomatic arch beneath the eyes (Starkey, et al., 2011).
a. The main functions for the maxilla bone are housing the teeth, forming the roof of the oral cavity, forming the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavity, containing the maxillary sinus, and contributing to the floor of the orbit (Starkey, et al., 2011).
5. Temporomandibular joint TMJ
a. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is…
For patients with temporal lobe epilepsy there is a high resistant to medication. This leads to a risk of memory impairments and mood disturbances. Long-term this leads to quality of life impairments and an increased risk of death. Due to the resistant to medication surgery is recommended for patients with TLE. Anteromesial temporal lobectomy (AMTL) is the most common surgery for the treatment of patients with TLE. AMTL is performed in both children and adults. AMTL is done in 30-40% of surgery…
the fetal bones are made up of cartilaginous tissue, which is like osseous tissue, except it is more flexible. The absence of calcium salts in its intercellular spaces makes it less dense. As development continues, the process of the depositing of calcium salts into the cartilaginous tissue occurs, and continues throughout their life. Ossification is the gradual replacement of cartilage and its intercellular substance by bone cells that are immature, and calcium deposits.
• What are the roles of…
Upon first displaying medical skeleton number four in anatomical order, it was clear that this skeleton was in a better condition than the other skeletons that were assigned. The body had a whiter tint to its bones, as opposed to the yellow or brown shade on several other bodies. Upon first look, it was also evident that there were no serious fractures or parts of bone missing. However, in order to truly determine how well-preserved the body was, the…
and appearance of sternocleidomastoid
B. Definition of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT)
C. Common theories of the causes of congenital muscular torticollis
D. Conditions CMT can result in
A. Postural torticollis
B. Muscular torticollis
C. Sternocleidomastoid mass
A. Physical Therapy
C. Botulinum Injections (Botox)
The sternocleidomastoid is a superficial muscle in the cervical region. It has two heads, the sternal head…
The incidence of zygomatic complex fracture is relatively high. A thorough understanding of the diagnosis and the surgical principles are of critical importance. The zygomatic bone provides the facial appearance, through its cheek prominence. This prominence plays an important role in the protection of the eye. Moreover, the zygomatic bone acts as a strong buttress for the absorption and transmission of masticatory forces to the base of skull. Therefore, the optimum reduction…
left hemi- sphere dominance for language. Areas like Broca’s area (critical for speech production) and Wernicke’s area (critical for speech comprehension) are found in the left hemi- sphere, at least for right-handed individuals. And SMA in the left hemisphere is known to be involved in the silent rehearsal of words or letters “in your head”. This could explain why imagining music with lyrics involves SMA and auditory cortex in both the left and right hemispheres, whereas music without any…
Her seizures originate in her left temporal lobe. Almost every day, she experiences impairments in her language functioning. Most of the time when we talk, my mom will have difficulty finding words to use. Over the weekend, my dad hosted a party at our house. My mom becomes so self-conscious and anxious when talking with other people because of this language impairment. At this party, my mom felt compelled to talk to our guests because we were hosting it at our house. However, she would not let…
(Morgan et al., 2013). Also Morgan (2013) indicated in their finding also concluded that misinformation on a group level was effective and that “misinformation is more readily accepted by a person when the misinformation is paired with someone who is trusted or who is familiar to that person” (P. 6). Additionally Morgan (2013) also states that further study on the effects on the civilian population should be made. Finally Bernstein & Loftus (2009) found that as mentioned before neither of the…
from a superordinate category like “animal” for “dog” (Kertesz & Harciarek, 2014). Patients with logopenic PPA their speech is often slowed, with frequent word-finding pauses. Logopenic PPA has been known to be a phonological short-term memory deficit so they have problems with repeating sentences and longer phrases. When it comes to naming objects they often use phonological paraphasias in which they substitute a word with a nonword, for example, “paker” for “paper” (Gorno-Tempini et al.,…