In the article, The evolution of hacking by Jose Pagliery stated that" The whole concept of "hacking" sprouted from the Massachusettes Institute of Technology nearly 50 years ago. Computer science students there borrowed the term from a group of a model train enthusiasts who "hacked" electric train tracks and switches in 1969 to improve performance." From this, we can see that hacking initially began with good intentions. It was evident from this statement that hacking was not meant to be something malicious or crime ridden, it was supposed to give off the idea that they were trying to make something…
Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution is a book written by Steven Levy about the early days and what he defined as “True Hackers”. This book starts off talking about the Tech Model Railroad Club in the 1950s all the way to the “Gamer Hackers” of the 1980s. It describes the different equipment that was used during the periods, the skills of the hackers, and the reasons they either became hackers or was interested in computers. Hackers in today’s society are not the same as in the 1950s.
popular, but the story of those that spent countless hours in intimacy with the machine itself, the real story behind the computer revolution.
Steven Levy organizes the book as a progression from the earliest start of computers to the rise of the personal computers and the innovations up through 1983. The book is divided into four parts, each part signifying and capturing each major change and backstory over thirty years. Each part is constructed into chapters and each chapter holding its own…
Product oriented companies often design their products with little or no customer input.
They trust that their engineers can design exception products. Very often they will not
even examine competitor’s product. A General Motors executive said years ago: “How
can public know what kind of cars they want until they see what is available?” GM’s
designers and engineers would design the new car. Then manufactures would make it.
The finance department would price it. Finally, marketing…
7. Maintain price and
Cut marketing expense to
Smaller market share.
Maintained margin. Reduced
8. Introduce an economy
Give the market what it
Some cannibalization but
higher total volume.
Another factor leading to price increases is overdemand. When a company cannot
supply all of its customers, it can use one of the following pricing techniques:
With delayed quotation pricing, the…