SYN flood

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    presented as part of the lab. The first task is to use Wireshark to see a DoS flood attack in progress. To do this, the command ‘/usr/sbin/hping3 -l –flood’ is used to create a flood of ‘echo’ requests (Appendix B, figure 1). The ‘-1’ option tells ‘hping3’ to use ICMP packets and the ‘—flood’ option tells ‘hping3’ to send the maximum number of echo packets in the least amount of time. The ‘—flood option also does not bother to wait for any echo replies from the host. After just a short period of running this attack, 274125 echo packets were sent to the victim. This is nearly 157,000 in just 10 seconds! Hands-On Project: 11-2 The second task required in the Chapter 11 part of the lab, is to invoke a half-open attack against the victim. In this case the victim is the network loop-back IP address. Appendix B, figure 2, shows the command that was used to initiate this attack. The ‘-SV’ options used are to set the SYN flag and to ensure the output to the screen is verbose. By default, ‘hping3’ sends one packet per second, so in a 10 second interval, there are only 10 packets sent. The goal of the half-open attack is to send multiple SYN packets to various ports on a host where the host then allocates memory for the incoming packet and waits. However, the attacker never sends the remaining components of the three-way handshake. This causes the host’s buffers to fill while waiting for SYN/ACK from the client. If the buffer overfills, then no more incoming…

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    and tropical storms will result in destruction that most of today’s infrastructure cannot handle since many infrastructure systems are outdated. Adverse effects of impaired dams include: contamination, medical deficits, and major damages to cities. In order to construct superior systems more resilient to climate change and reduce contaminations and medical deficits, the U.S. needs to put close to sixty billion dollars into the infrastructure budget within the next 10 years. To start, floods,…

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    Well upstream where Horseshoe Lake empties into First, Second and Third Lakes and then Blackstone there was little to no water control till 1947. The Foley Council for April 8 took “consideration to the tourists on Horseshoe Lake by erecting a dock off the southwest end and a dam built at the outlet to maintain” the water level. By the 60 's there is a weir controlled by the Horseshoe cottagers. 2003 The Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), interested in reducing the significant effort in…

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    Short-term effects are things that happen admittedly following a major event. Hurricane Otto was the seventh major hurricane of 2016 located in the Atlantic Ocean. (Morgan, 2016). People from the countries affected were quickly misplaced and suddenly homeless because of severe damage to homes and other structures. Another short term effect are floods and damage from heavy rains. According to Leigh Morgan, tremendously horrible floods could be a result of Hurricane Otto because “All that rain…

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    blocked by a dam making this trip impossible by ship. This is a large problem because now no one can travel that route via boat which at the time was a prime method of transport. The Reclamation Act, signed June 17, 1902, established the U.S. Reclamation Service, later renamed the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation was a group especially prevalent in these effort because it is their prime directive. They begin by building the laguna dam which diverted the water so that it could be used more efficiently.…

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    notification to mariners has been in use by the USCG Station in Newburyport. It is to assist boaters in making risk based decisions when evaluating their ability to cross the bar. Boaters should seek out several forms of information to make these decisions to safely evaluate weather and sea conditions for their specific size and type of vessel as well as their individual abilities as an operator. Things such as knowing the state of the tide and its effect, knowing the current forecasted weather…

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    The process of flooding occurs as heavy rain pours onto the river and already saturated ground and river ice melting onto saturated ground. Deaths by drowning and health risks from evacuation have occurred since the beginning of time. Most areas of the world have been affected by flooding at one point in time. For example, Hurricane Katrina caused catastrophic results, with 1,245 deaths because of flooding and 120,000 acres under water (National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA],…

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    National Weather Service issued emergency warnings for "dangerous and possibly life threatening" flash floods in parts of South Carolina Saturday. Parts of the state saw over a foot of rain and rainfall records broken. Heavy rains battered much of the East Coast Saturday and Sunday, causing power outages and traffic accidents which have left four people dead since Thursday. The storms are the result of a confluence of extreme weather events: Hurricane Joaquin over the open Atlantic and a…

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    C110 Unit 1 Essay

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    1. Situation: The recent catastrophic (Hurricane Maria Aftermath) rains and sustained winds have caused havoc, resulting in the most damaging floods within Fort Allen premises to include all facilities assigned to the 201st Regiment (MF) RTI. Consequently, not only is it having devastating effect on livelihoods all infrastructure has been severely impacted in the affected areas including telecommunications. 2. Request the use of the classrooms C110, C120 (A&B), C140 (A&B), and C150 B located…

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    Smith Hill Case Study

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    Smith Hill sounds like many small American towns with the population under a few thousand. I grew up in a small town in VA, but I never heard of any issues with the emergency management. One of the biggest threats that we faced was from the flooding of the nearby river. It seems every few years flooding would occur. When I was a teenager there was major flooding from days of heavy rainfall and it just about devastated the town. Some businesses decided that enough was enough and closed up…

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