Sukarno

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    that will continue as long as the country shows sustained improvement in its areas of issue. Historical Context: Indonesia’s history of governmental transitions is checkered with different rulers, powers, and influences. This history has sculpted and defined Indonesia’s social and political order in profound ways. While Indonesia’s history as its own state begins after WWII, it is important to remember that the country had been colonized in the 16th century and prior to the Japanese invasion during the Second World War, there was little challenge to Dutch rule in the area. In August 1945 Indonesia gained its independence after being liberated from Japanese occupation. President Sukarno was installed as the first ever president of Indonesia. Indonesia would not see true freedom, however, as Sukarno turned out to be a dictator who experienced mixed success. He succeeded in uniting a fragmented country and installing at least some form of rule of law. At the same time, he failed miserably by starting unpopular and underfunded wars that were destined for failure. With the help of the United States, Soeharto replaced him as the ruler of Indonesia in 1968. Soeharto also succeeded in some respects, but was ultimately overthrown in 1999 after an economic collapse. Following these dictators has been a relatively short line of Presidents, some democratically elected, some installed. While there are still problems with the democratic system, the murkiness and inconsistencies in…

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    Sukarno, once said "Give me 1000 old men, and I will undoubtedly pull out Semeru [a mountain in Indonesia] from the roots. Give me 10 young male mountain climbers, I will undoubtedly shake the world." In other words, having more manpower does not always do the job right. Infact, having less mountain climbers that are intelligent, persistent, and hard working would do the job better and bigger. Mountain climbers would force through all the challenges ahead of them, and would be persistent on…

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    Grade 12 Culminating Activity Checkpoint #2 Sissi Zheng Source 1: News, BBC. "Looking into the Massacres of Indonesia's past." BBC News. BBC, 02 June 2016. Web. 04 Dec. 2016 Summary This article investigates one of the darkest chapters of Indonesian history in 1965, the anti-communist purge, based on the reports' interviews with the locals. As many as 1 million civilians were slaughtered, and the killers were never prosecuted. Instead, they ascended to the highest positions in government and…

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    IV. Result and Analysis Politically Connected Firms Based on in-depth research, we managed to identify a list of stocks that have linked to political parties and leadership. Since in the election in 2014 there are two candidates we divided into Political Winning (Ir. Joko Widodo- M. Jusuf Kalla) and Political Lose (Prabowo Subianto - Hatta Rajasa). As a result, there are a total of 54 firms were identified over a test period of the presidential election in 2014 as politically connected.…

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    Minh was educated in France where he quickly found a blueprint for what he imagined Vietnam to be in communism and Leninist ideals (Emergence of SE Asia 340-341). Differently Sukarno was educated in Indonesia and formed his socialist blueprint of Indonesia through his own desire to learn about the countries of the West (Lecture Nov.20). However even though both leaders had different blue prints for their countries they came to power in very similar ways. Ho Chi Minh hadn’t been in Vietnam for…

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    Discrimination In China

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    The PKI was able to infiltrate many government agencies and had Indonesia rely heavily on Communist powers, for instance China and the Soviet Union. Also Sukarno was anti-imperialist, having been under the control of the Dutch since the 1800s and was placed under control by the Japanese during World War Two. The reliance was a way to try and distance Indonesia from previous colonial powers such as the Dutch and an interfering west. Another failure in Sukarno was that due to what looked like…

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    Suharto Case Study

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    and brutally killed, the army gained the justification to condemn the action of the PKI. Sukarno and his men, who were supported by PKI and also defended the communists’ position in the Parliament, were stripped of their political position and their involvement in the killing of the six generals was question in the course of a trial. Many of them were sentenced to death. The communist party leaders and an estimated 150,000–200,000 persons associated…

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    Dutch Empire

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    civilise the natives, they could not be controlled and they always go back to their barbaric ways. It is known that the Dutch went to great extents to attempt to civilise the animalistic natives when “[the Dutch] spent most of their earnings trying to control an uncontrollable Indonesia” (Engrade). All of that money was spent for nothing, no matter how much money the Dutch spent on their mission to civilise a hopeless population. They have been brought back to their barbaric ways by the silver…

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    The massacre did not manifest itself as a sudden, extreme episode of violence, but instead was the culmination of years of political power-play and dissent. Some scholarship go further to suggest an inherent culture of violence that leads to mass killings like the one in Indonesia. In addition to the internal issues within the Indonesian government that had persisted in the years leading up to 1965, Indonesia also faced intense external political pressures from various powers in the Cold War.…

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    council, seizing power from Sukarno. General Suharto was elected as President, filling in for Sukarno. Suharto led the genocide that killed about 1 million people, and left 100,000 people imprisoned without trial. The Indonesian military had targeted the Indonesian communist party (PKI),which had over five hundred thousand members in 1965, and which were supporters of president Kusno Sukarno in the 1959 election. Some religious groups and political enemies targeted the PKI. Government officials…

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