Sinn Féin

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    It gave the Irish government an advisory role in the affairs of Northern Ireland but besides that had no real power to it. Though it was passed it was essentially a failure in its primary goal; to foster peace and reconciliation between the two parties. The Sinn Fein party, the “political wing” of the IRA was vehemently opposed to the agreement. Unfortunately, the treaty also alienated the unionist. Only two parties in Northern Ireland actually supported the treaty. This ordeal led to the IRA adopting a new strategy, “the Armalite and the ballot box.” This strategy focused on the continuation of the IRA’s armed conflict bit with the addition of Sinn Fein contesting the elections in Northern Ireland and being more vocal in the political…

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    The Irish Republican Army

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    The Irish Republican Army started off not as a terrorist group but as a military organization and even took part in the Irish War of Independence. However, having lost the civil war they took part in, they stayed in existence with the plot to overthrow the Irish Free State and made their defiance against the British well know. They made its existence known to the world as a terrorist organization in the 1960s as the Clandestine “armed wing” of the Sinn Fein movement. They were devoted to…

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    and nationalists from English oppression. A prominent example can be observed in Bloody Sunday in 1972, which caused the Irish Republican Army to return with more violence by detonating many bombs, to the extent that 130 civilians were injured and 9 people killed in Bloody Friday. [4] Disgust at violence towards English civilians by PIRA by less extremist parties that were increasing in number and the growing concept that neither side could win with a sustained campaign of violence caused…

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    treaty was passed by a narrow margin in the Dail and de Valera resigned as president," a writer stated (Eamon De Valera). By resigning as president, de Valera was not deserting his country. On the contrary, he was showing his chauvinistic attitude towards the almighty Brits and their despicable treaty. Because de Valera is a patriot, he would not fold in the midst of battle. After all, he had a winning mentality and never backed down from the British. In the hope that he could acquire…

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    The Sniper Symbolism

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    ”The Sniper” was published during the Irish civil war (January 1923) by the republican Liam O’Flaherty. It takes place as night falls in Dublin. Shots eccho. A young Republican sniper lies on a rooftop. He lights a cigarette; risks revealing himself. Instantantly, a bullet hits the parapet, behind which he hides. A car approaches and halts down the street. A woman appears from a side-street. She speaks with the driver and points to the sniper. Without thinking, he shoots the driver, and the…

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    The Irish Republican Army (IRA) has existed as an organization for nearly 100 years. Particularly as terrorist groups go, that is impressive; in fact, “long-standing terrorism expert David Rapoport argues that 90 percent [of terrorist groups] last less than a year.” The case of the IRA, therefore, is significant to the discussion of how terrorism ends by, providing an essential context for a variety of reasons. This paper will specifically treat two of those reasons: 1) its centenary duration…

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    The Easter Rising began on Easter Monday, 24th of April 1916, and lasted for six days. The Easter Rising was an insurrection against British rule in Ireland and took place in Ireland's capital city, Dublin. The Easter Rising of 1916 is believed to be the most compelling single event in modern Irish history. The number of plays, novels and poems centred around the Easter Rising are endless. For the purpose of this essay I will discuss how the Easter Rising is represented in both Sean O' Casey's…

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    sports and request your support to secure exemption of the Gaelic Athletic Association, which is a voluntary organisation not conducted for profit of players or promoters". While this petition was being brought to the attention of the British Government and the MPs in the House of Commons, the GAA, especially the association in Dublin agreed to recognise the writ of the House of Commons to legislate for Ireland. However, it became clear within a week that the reaction in Britain to this…

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    unconditionally surrendered in order to prevent the further loss of civilian life. Public opinion changed greatly due to how the British dealt with the aftermath of the rising. Almost 3,500 arrests were made , many were innocent and had no part of the rebellion , many were sent to British Internment Camps and 90 were executed, this included the 7 signatories of the Proclamation. Men like Michael Collins and Eamonn de Valera went to these internment camps, de Valera escaped execution due to his…

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    Historical case studies in reconciliation. Background to the Northern Ireland conflict After getting its independence from Britain, Ireland remained united with England, Wales as well as Scotland. When talking of the conflict in Northern Ireland, the division between Catholics and Protestants cannot be omitted. Historically, the Irish nation is a catholic nation. However, the citizens in North Ireland have ancestors who were Protestant immigrants from England and Scotland. Therefore, the…

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